||The project has been categorized as B for environment as there are no major long term impacts associated with the project. An initial environmental examination (IEE) study has been conducted for each border points, which discusses the likely impacts, and recommends mitigation measures to minimize the impacts, the impacts of each of the sub projects are confined to the construction. The IEEs have been prepared in compliance with ADBs SPS 2009, and have been disclosed on the ADB website, each IEE contains an environmental management plan (EMP) according to which the mitigation measures will be implemented in the field during project implementation. The IEEs also contain the cost for EMP implementation. The environmental safeguards specialist of the contractor will use the generic EMPs to prepare site specific EMPs and will also implement the EMP at the project level. The construction supervision consultant's environment specialist will monitor the contractor's compliance on environmental safeguards and will provide technical support to the PIU safeguards coordinator. During project implementation stage the supervision consultant's environment specialist will monitor contractor compliance with the IEE and EMP. The PIU safeguards coordinator will be responsible for overall compliance with ADB requirements and will submit biannual environmental monitoring reports to ADB detailing progress on the implementation of the EMPs, support in preparing the environmental monitoring reports will be provided by the supervision consultant's environmental specialist.
The project social safeguards impacts have been adequately assessed and the measures developed in the LARPs are adequate to address identified impacts Of three border crossing points, only Torkham and Wagha require land acquisition. In Chaman all land required is government-owned and unencumbered. A land acquisition and resettlement plan (LARP) has been prepared for each sub-project. Key resettlement impacts include acquisition of 115 acres of privately owned land (64.8 acres agricultural land at Wagah and 50.3 acres barren hilly land at Torkham), relocation of 3 residential structures (Torkham) and 42 commercial structures. Besides, 13 moveable push carts, crops and trees grown on the acquired land will be removed. There are 91 affected households across the 3 sub-projects, with a total of 192 affected persons entitled for compensation.
According to the LARP, (i) all impacted assets will be compensated in cash at full replacement costs basis; (ii) business structure owners will be provided replacement land/structure in the service/business area in the proposed project facilities on a secured tenure basis; and (iii) affected households losing residential structures will re-construct their new residential structures at locations of their choice in close proximity and thus no off-site relocation is envisaged under the project.
|During Project Design
The main stakeholders of the project include public institution (immigration, trade and commerce, customs, communication and transport departments with other law enforcing agencies like responsible for operating BCPs) and project beneficiaries including immigrants/passengers crossing border, traders, freight forwarders, and transport operators as well as the local community having their assets landed and non landed in close proximity of the BCPs.
It is envisioned that during the PPTA stage, the consultation and participation process will involve a stakeholder analysis followed by subsequent consultations with various groups. It is planned to conduct consultations with line Government Departments, Non Government Organizations, Research institutes, facility users/beneficiaries, and at the household and community level near BCP's. A series of focus group discussions and consultation will be undertaken with all stakeholders as part of poverty assessment, the socio-economic analysis and preparation of resettlement planning documents.
In the course of processing and implementation of the project, ADB will take lead in fostering donor coordination through regular donor coordination meetings to avoid duplication of efforts and maximize development impact of each donor's intervention.