Strengthening Community Participation in Project Design, Implementation, and Monitoring in Regional Roads Development Projects (Subproject 5) is part of the Cluster TA 0013-INO, financed by AusAID and administered by ADB.
This is the fifth subproject under the $20 million TA Cluster.
The impact of the proposed subproject will be that community benefits of the project roads are maximized , particularly for vulnerable groups such as indigenous peoples and women. The outcome will be improved community participation in addressing safeguards issues such as environment, resettlement, indigenous peoples, gender mainstreaming, and HIV/AIDS and human trafficking in the design and implementation of road projects.
There are 3 key activities/Output for this subproject:
Output 1: Stakeholder Analysis and Community Survey for RRDPs.
Output 2: Communication Strategy and Participation plan for RRDPs.
Output 3: Strengthened Key Stakeholders' Capacity on Implementing Community Participation in Road Development Projects, and Knowledge Product for Sustainability.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Improved road infrastructure in southern Java is necessary to remove existing constraints to economic growth and investment in this isolated area. Similarly, road network improvements are needed to support economic development in less developed and remote districts in northern Kalimantan. These will reduce transport costs, as well as complement the Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area programs to reduce non-physical barriers to trade, including improving customs, immigration, quarantine, and security.
With this background, ADB and the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) are co-financing, with the Government of the Republic of Indonesia (the Government), the Regional Roads Development Project (RRDP) to strengthen national and regional connectivity of 476 kilometers (km) of strategic and national roads in four provinces of Indonesia: Central Java, East Java, East Kalimantan, and West Kalimantan. In addition, ADB has approved a project preparatory technical assistance (TA) for the second phase of the RRDP (RRDP II), which will rehabilitate about 200 km of roads in Java and Kalimantan.
Prior to Board consideration of RRDP on 24 November 2011, nongovernment organizations (NGOs) including Alliance of Nusantara Indigenous People West Kalimantan, Mining Advocacy Network East Kalimantan, Solidaritas Perempuan (Womens' Solidarity), and Hawaii-based Ulu Foundation, sent letters of concern to ADB's Board of Directors related to RRDP. In the letters, their main concerns were: (i) the consultations undertaken were insufficient with respect to indigenous peoples; (ii) there was no information about the social, economic, and cultural status of women; (iii) the preparation process of the project ignored the principles of free, prior, and informed consent; (iv) the project ignored the presence of indigenous peoples along the project development sites, and has the potential to cause displacement and destruction of environment in the living and production areas of indigenous peoples and other communities; (v) the project would potentially be unsupported by the indigenous peoples and some civil society organizations because it ignored the consultation process and did not seek indigenous peoples' consent; and (vi) there was insufficient information disclosure, particularly to the affected communities (e.g. no documents were provided in Bahasa Indonesia to the affected communities).
The RRDP became effective on 3 July 2012. Eight civil works contract packages in ADB-funded section have been tendered; two contract packages have been awarded. The civil works are expected to commence by the end of 2013 for East Java and West Kalimantan, while the procurement of civil works under IsDB-funded section (Central Java) is still underway. The RRDP II is under project preparatory TA stage and the ensuing loan is expected to be approved in 2014.
The subproject aims to address the NGOs' concerns and strengthen stakeholder engagement to ensure they maximize the benefits of the investment project through support for enhanced communications and participation measures for the ensuing project Regional Roads Development Project II.