46399-001: Innovative Data Collection Methods for Agricultural and Rural Statistics | Asian Development Bank

Regional: Innovative Data Collection Methods for Agricultural and Rural Statistics

Sovereign (Public) Project | 46399-001 Status: Active

The technical assistance (TA) was conceptualized to promote the use of satellite-based technology in formulating and monitoring food security policies. It will be implemented in four pilot countries the Lao PDR, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam where the agriculture sector's contribution to the economy and employment remain significant. For each pilot country, the government agency with the mandate for compiling agriculture statistics will be designated the implementing agency and will be responsible for the execution of the TA's three major activities: (i) development of customized software applications and methodology to estimate paddy rice cultivation area and crop production based on satellite data and data obtained through crop-cutting experiments at a provincial level, (ii) training of counterpart staff in the four pilot countries, and (iii) development of an online training program on the use of satellite data for agricultural and rural statistics.

Project Details

Project Officer
Rao, Lakshman Rao Nagraj Economic Research and Regional Cooperation Department Request for information
Country
  • Regional
Modality
  • Technical Assistance
Sector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
 
Project Name Innovative Data Collection Methods for Agricultural and Rural Statistics
Project Number 46399-001
Country Regional
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8369-REG: Innovative Data Collection Methods for Agricultural and Rural Statistics
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The technical assistance (TA) was conceptualized to promote the use of satellite-based technology in formulating and monitoring food security policies. It will be implemented in four pilot countries the Lao PDR, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam where the agriculture sector's contribution to the economy and employment remain significant. For each pilot country, the government agency with the mandate for compiling agriculture statistics will be designated the implementing agency and will be responsible for the execution of the TA's three major activities: (i) development of customized software applications and methodology to estimate paddy rice cultivation area and crop production based on satellite data and data obtained through crop-cutting experiments at a provincial level, (ii) training of counterpart staff in the four pilot countries, and (iii) development of an online training program on the use of satellite data for agricultural and rural statistics.

The TA will be implemented by ADB and will be financed on a grant basis by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR). The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) will be ADB's technical adviser and development partner organization.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Timely and reliable statistics are imperative for mitigating food security issues and for planning government interventions in the agriculture sector. Rice crop area and production estimates are usually compiled through either administrative reporting systems or household surveys. While administrative reporting system is inexpensive, the approach is also prone to large measurement errors and is usually biased, unreliable and overestimated. Whereas household surveys, though it can provide better estimates if objectively designed and conducted, require large budget allocation and usually take longer time to process and analyze. More often, the results are not available in time for government planning.

Alternative methods such as advances in satellite based technology will be explored in this TA to help countries adopt better approaches in estimating rice crop area and production, and consequently develop better evidence-based policy making. With more timely and reliable data from remote sensing and other similar tools, timely and reliable estimates of rice crop area and production will be available for policy makers and government agencies for planning suitable interventions for food security.

Impact More evidence-based policies and programs on food security.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved quality and timeliness of rice crop area and production estimates forecasts.
Progress Toward Outcome To date, all the pilot countries (Lao PDR, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam) have updated annual estimates which is either published in their websites or in their yearbook. Moreover, the Philippines releases quarterly estimates for rice production, and the other countries use quarterly estimates from administrative data for internal decision-making. In addition to the websites and yearbooks of the pilot countries, an ADB hosted webpage called, _Community of Agricultural and Rural Statistics_ is currently being revamped and updated with the objective of having up-to-date information on all project activities.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Customized software applications on analyzing satellite imagery and similar tools provided to Lao PDR, Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam.

2. Selected staff in Lao PDR, Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam are able to use (output 1) as inputs in rice crop estimation and forecasting methods.

3. Online training program on the use of satellite imagery and similar tools for agricultural and rural statistics provided for open access.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. Customized software for each pilot country has been developed and is being used to compare rice statistics from satellite data with administrative records.

2. Two Economics Working Papers have been copyedited and are being finalized to be uploaded by 31 October 2017. The remaining two are being drafted.

3. Seventy-nine staff were trained through in-house training activities conducted in the pilot countries on remote sensing, GIS, and field methods for crop yield estimation (22 in Lao PDR, 15 in the Philippines, 18 in Thailand, and 24 in Viet Nam). Sixty participants from several countries in the region (not just the pilot countries) participated in the first iteration of an online training course that was developed as part of this TA. For the second iteration of the online course, 24 students have registered. Finally, a first draft of the handbook has been completed.

Geographical Location Regional
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

A mission was conducted to meet with the pilot countries' target implementing agencies, local Japanese Embassies, and JICA offices. Initial discussion with JAXA was also conducted. All these agencies and offices were in support of the proposed technical assistance.

Other possible collaboration with agencies like the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in the Philippines and the Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (GISTDA) in Thailand were explored. Technical meetings were set -up to discuss the activities done (and being implemented) by IRRI and GISTDA for rice crop yield estimation using synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and other tools used. The experiences shared by IRRI and GISTDA in remote sensing are valuable references on how to implement the TA. ADB is also a member of the Regional Steering Committee for the Global Partnership for Agricultural and Rural Statistics, an initiative of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Progress and results from this TA will be disseminated on a quarterly basis during steering committee meetings.

During Project Implementation The TA will work with the implementing agencies of the four pilot countries in developing and adopting cost-effective methods using remote sensing and similar tools to provide rice crop area and production estimate on a timely and regular basis to support better policy making. Work in the pilot countries will be undertaken in close collaboration of the national statistical systems, the ministry of agriculture, and other key agencies that can support the institutionalization of the methods that will be studied. Intensive training programs will be conducted for counterpart staff of implementing agencies, who will also work closely with the project team. Workshops will also be held to report relevant project results.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will require 96 person-months of consulting services (32 person-months international and 64 person-months national) to implement the TA components in the four pilot countries. All consultants will be engaged by ADB in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). A consulting firm will be engaged to provide the services of a team of international consultants consisting of a team leader/systems architecture specialists (5 person-months), systems architecture specialist (8 person-months), and two remote sensing specialists (1 for 5 person-months, 1 for 8 person-months). For the selection of a main consulting firm, the quality- and cost-based selection (90:10) method will be used because of the highly-specialized skill requirements and experience to achieve expected outputs, and the firm will be required to submit bio-data technical proposals. In addition, international individual consultants will be engaged-one training program specialist for 4 person-months and an agricultural statistician for two person-months. National remote sensing specialists in the four pilot countries will also be engaged for 4 person-months each. Two national consultants assigned in ADB headquarters will also be engaged for 24 person-months respectively to assist the ADB project team in coordinating the project, in organizing the training programs and workshops and in resolving and documenting technical issues. The consultants will work under the overall supervision of ADB project team with the technical support of JAXA.
Procurement The procurement of equipment will follow ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). At the end of the TA, equipment purchased through the shopping method under the TA will be assigned to the concerned implementing agencies.
Responsible ADB Officer Rao, Lakshman Rao Nagraj
Responsible ADB Department Economic Research and Regional Cooperation Department
Responsible ADB Division Development Indicators and Policy Research Division
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 03 Oct 2012
Fact Finding 03 Sep 2012 to 07 Sep 2012
MRM -
Approval 20 May 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 24 Oct 2017

TA 8369-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
20 May 2013 - 20 May 2013 31 Jul 2015 31 Oct 2017 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 2,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 20 May 2013 1,564,909.76

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan

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