Philippines: KALAHI-CIDSS National Community-Driven Development Project

Sovereign Project | 46420-002 Status: Approved

Summary

ADB is helping the Philippines restore basic social services and rebuild communities devastated by Typhoon Yolanda, known internationally as Haiyan. The emergency assistance loan will support the government's KALAHI-CIDSS National Community-Driven Development Project. It will help build the capacity of communities to identify, prioritize, budget, and implement needed projects.

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Project Name KALAHI-CIDSS National Community-Driven Development Project
Project Number 46420-002
Country Philippines
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3100-PHI: KALAHI CIDSS National Community-Driven Development Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 372.10 million
Loan: KALAHI-CIDSS National Community-Driven Development Project
International Bank for Reconstruction & Developmen US$ 479.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education - Pre-primary and primary

Public sector management - Decentralization - Social protection initiatives

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description

The project will support the implementation of the government's KALAHI CIDSS- National Community-Driven Development Project (KC-NCDDP) to restore basic social services and rebuild communities affected by Typhoon Yolanda (international name: Haiyan).

The impact will be improved resiliency of poor communities to natural hazards. The outcome will be improved access to services and infrastructure for communities in affected provinces and their participation in more inclusive local disaster risk reduction and management planning, budgeting, and implementation.

The outputs are (i) community-driven development subprojects selected, implemented, and completed; (ii) institutional and organizational capacity strengthened; and (iii) program management and monitoring and evaluation systems enhanced.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

On 8 November 2013, Typhoon Yolanda hit the central Philippines, leaving behind an unprecedented path of destruction. The death toll stood at 5,632, with another 1,759 still missing, 26,136 injured, and about 890,000 families or 4.11 million people displaced as of 1 December 2013. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) estimated that an additional 1.5 million persons may have fallen into poverty immediately after Typhoon Yolanda, a 24% increase in the number of poor in central Philippines and 7.1% nationwide. Preliminary government estimates indicate that Typhoon Yolanda and other recent disasters may have cut the national economic growth rate by 0.3-0.8 percentage points in the fourth quarter of 2013 alone, which is equivalent to $900 million-$2.5 billion of lost GDP in 2013. ADBs preliminary forecast for 2014 is that the drop in the GDP growth rate could be as high as 1 percentage point. The combined regional economies of Central Visayas, Eastern Visayas, and Western Visayas which account for 12.5% of the country's GDP could shrink by 4.0%-8.0% in 2014. The Eastern Visayas economy could contract by 30.0% or more in 2014.

Community-driven development (CDD) approaches have been used to address bottlenecks in the local delivery of basic services. The CDD principles of participatory planning and community control of investment resources are being applied in the Philippines by the governments Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan (Linking Arms Against Poverty) Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (KALAHI-CIDSS) project, managed by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD). KALAHI-CIDSS has improved basic service delivery, effectively targeted poor communities, and responded to the needs of poor households, lessening the influence of patronage in resource allocation and job creation. The government identifies CDD as a pillar of the country's development and poverty reduction strategy, and is expanding KALAHI-CIDSS operations into the KC-NCDDP.

In the aftermath of Typhoon Yolanda, the KC-NCDDP will use CDD to support recovery and rehabilitation efforts in affected communities. International experience demonstrates the effectiveness of CDD in responding to disaster situations and reducing disaster risks. CDD is useful in emergency and post-calamity situations for the following reasons: (i) a community is the first to experience a disaster and the first to respond, (ii) communities have indigenous knowledge of hazards and mitigation, (iii) involving affected communities in determining needs and priorities helps ensure the appropriateness and sustainability of disaster responses, and (iv) organized communities are better able to demand downward accountability.

The presence of CDD projects, especially in poor, remote, and disaster-prone areas, also makes them well positioned to urgently respond to post-disaster needs and facilitate the coordination and cohesiveness of assistance. CDD projects that have established efficient management systems, including flexible procurement and disbursement procedures, can be tapped to quickly mobilize resources after a disaster. Indonesia expanded CDD programs to respond to urgent recovery needs after five major disasters from 2004 to 2010. The post-disaster experience of Aceh and Nias highlighted the following outcomes of CDD programs: (i) fully disbursed funds ahead of schedule, (ii) more outputs delivered than other programs, and (iii) greater transparency and accountability than most other government projects.

With the presence of KALAHI-CIDSS in about 90% of the Yolanda-affected areas, and building on the long-running KALAHI-CIDSS management systems, the KC-NCDDP will be well positioned to address the post-disaster needs of communities. The KC-NCDDP will provide support for recovery and rehabilitation activities in more than 14,000 barangays (villages) in more than 500 municipalities across 39 provinces affected by the typhoon, covering about 3.3 million households. It will provide (i) grants for planning and implementing CDD subprojects, (ii) capacity building and implementation support, and (iii) program management monitoring and evaluation.

Impact Improved resiliency of poor communities to natural hazards

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Improved access to services and infrastructure for communities in affected provinces and their participation in more inclusive local disaster risk reduction and management planning, budgeting, and implementation
Progress Toward Outcome

Access will be measured once the subprojects are completed.

The participation rate of households in KC-NCDDP barangay assemblies (BA) is relatively high at an average of 78% (59% women). These BAs were attended by 66% of Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) household beneficiaries in the covered areas.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. CDD subprojects selected, implemented, and completed

2. Institutional and organizational capacity strengthened

3. Program management and M&E systems enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

As of 6 January 2016, 3221 subprojects out of 9,709 approved subprojects were completed.

20% of paid jobs held by women

This target has been incorporated in the CEAC process being adopted by the project.

As of March 2016, 57% of the 504,272 trained community volunteers are women.

During the MTR in March 2016, the EA reported that 99,714 community volunteers hold leadership positions in committees and 55% of them are women.

Achieved. Use of E-RFR system began in December 2014

Achieved 100%. EA's information system has been designed to generate sex-disaggregated data.

Gender targets have been incorporated in the CEAC process

Geographical Location Nationwide

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples A

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects

During the inception mission, it was recommended to incorporate ADB safeguards requirements consistently in the Operations Manual, DROM, and the Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF). DSWD made the necessary revisions in the said documents.

From June to August 2015, a joint ADB-World Bank safeguards mission was conducted in Regions 4B, 5, 8, and 13 and looked into the safeguards compliance during subproject implementation. The findings and lessons learnt will be incorporated in the implementation of Cycle 2 and enhancement of the ESMF and related tools.

Involuntary Resettlement

During the inception mission, it was recommended to incorporate ADB safeguards requirements consistently in the Operations Manual, DROM, and the ESMF. DSWD made the necessary revisions in the said documents.

During the safeguards mission in January 2015, ADB and the EA agreed on additional social safeguards missions to project areas where IPs may be more vulnerable due to problems in access and decision-making systems, and for monitoring progress and discussions with program staff and stakeholders. External monitoring would be conducted on a sample of subprojects with positive and negative IP and IR impacts on a regular basis and reports would be disclosed in the ADB website. The mission also recommended the following: (i) provision of the projects Resettlement Framework and IP Planning Framework to ACTs, (ii) translation of ESMP to Tagalog, and (iii) creation of a discussion forum on safeguards and gender issues for ACTs.

From June to August 2015, a joint ADB-World Bank safeguards mission was conducted in Regions 4B, 5, 8, and 13 and looked into the safeguards compliance during subproject implementation. The findings and lessons learnt will be incorporated in the implementation of Cycle 2 and enhancement of the ESMF and related tools.

Indigenous Peoples

During the inception mission, it was recommended to incorporate ADB safeguards requirements consistently in the Operations Manual, DROM, and the Environmental and Social Management Framework. DSWD made the necessary revisions in the said documents.

During the safeguards mission in January 2015, ADB and the EA agreed on additional social safeguards missions to project areas where IPs may be more vulnerable due to problems in access and decision-making systems, and for monitoring progress and discussions with program staff and stakeholders. External monitoring would be conducted on a sample of subprojects with positive and negative IP and IR impacts on a regular basis and reports would be disclosed in the ADB website. The mission also recommended the following: (i) provision of the projects Resettlement Framework and IP Planning Framework to ACTs, (ii) translation of ESMP to Tagalog, and (iii) creation of a discussion forum on safeguards and gender issues for ACTs.

From June to August 2015, a joint ADB-World Bank safeguards mission was conducted in Regions 4B, 5, 8, and 13 and looked into the safeguards compliance during subproject implementation. The findings and lessons learnt will be incorporated in the implementation of Cycle 2 and enhancement of the ESMF and related tools.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Conducted consultations with different stakeholders and coordination with development partners.
During Project Implementation Participation of communities, local government units, and civil society organizations is a key feature of project implementation.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Joel Mangahas
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Department of Social Welfare and Development
NPMO@ECD.GOV.PH
Batasan Pambansa Complex
Constitution Hills, Quezon City
Philippines

Timetable

Concept Clearance 17 Dec 2012
Fact Finding 11 Feb 2013 to 22 Feb 2013
MRM 18 Apr 2013
Approval 16 Dec 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Mar 2016

Loan 3100-PHI

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Dec 2013 26 Mar 2014 10 Jun 2014 30 Jun 2018 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 663.66 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 372.10 16 Dec 2013 187.24 0.00 50%
Counterpart 291.56 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 16 Dec 2013 219.75 0.00 59%

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Emergency Assistance for the KALAHI CIDSS National Community-Driven Development Project Resettlement Frameworks Dec 2013
Emergency Assistance for the KALAHI CIDSS National Community-Driven Development Project Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Dec 2013
Emergency Assistance for the KALAHI CIDSS National Community-Driven Development Project Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Dec 2013
Community-Driven Development Support Project (Draft) Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Apr 2013
Community-Driven Development Support Project Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Apr 2013
Community-Driven Development Support Project (Draft) Resettlement Frameworks Apr 2013

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications


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