|Sector / Subsector
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
- Agricultural production
- Land-based natural resources management
- Energy efficiency and conservation
- Energy sector development and institutional reform
Information and communication technology
- ICT industries and ICT-enabled services
- Road transport (non-urban)
- Water transport (non-urban)
Water and other urban infrastructure and services
- Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
- Urban solid waste management
- Urban water supply
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
The Philippines is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The country is ranked highest in the world in terms of vulnerability to tropical cyclones and third in terms of the population's exposure to floods and droughts. Enhancing the climate resilience of the economy and the adaptive capacity of the populations is thus crucial for sustainable development. Climate change-induced economic losses are particularly high in urban and peri-urban areas largely because of the increasing fragility of urban ecosystems and the low adaptive capacity of communities. The need to develop ecologically stable and economically resilient urban areas has been recognized by many stakeholders but the concept has not been widely demonstrated.
To address climate change, the government enacted the Climate Change Act of 2009 (Republic Act 9729), which established the CCC as the government's sole policy-making body tasked with coordinating, monitoring, and evaluating programs and action plans related to climate change. The Climate Change Act provided the principles guiding the formulation of National Climate Change Action Plan 2011 2028 (NCCAP), which aims at gender-responsive and rights-based sustainable development through seven strategic priorities, namely: food security, water sufficiency, ecosystem and environmental stability, human security, climate-smart industries and services, sustainable energy, and capacity development.
Pursuing green growth and climate resilience strategies at LGU level can address both causes and consequences of climate change. Further, carbon intensity and resource efficiency are increasingly significant in determining economic competitiveness of LGUs. The capacity of LGUs to mainstream climate change concerns into development planning is limited however.
The TA fully supports the implementation of NCCAP and the Climate Change Act, which aims at mainstreaming climate change and disaster risk reduction and management into national, sector and local development plans and programs. It has strong links to the Philippines Development Plan 2011-2016 , especially with regard to goal 3 (enhanced resilience of natural systems and improved adaptive capacities of communities to cope with environmental hazards including climate-related risks) of the strategic framework for conservation, protection, and rehabilitation of the environment and natural resources. The TA has robust linkage to the ADB Country Partnership Strategy 2011-2016 and its thematic paper on climate change and disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM), which recognizes the need to increase the resilience to climate change and natural disasters while harnessing opportunities for greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation. In addition to contributing to the objective of strengthening the institutional capacity, the TA closely aligns with ADB's Strategy 2020, Southeast Asia Department's climate change implementation plan, ADB's Water for All policy, ADB's Water Operational Plan 2011-2020, and various sector assessments, strategies, and road maps in terms of increasing resilience to climate stresses (agriculture and natural resources sector), promoting use of renewable energy (energy sector), and enhancing water sanitation through effective waste management (urban development sector).
The TA builds on vulnerability assessment methodologies developed under ADB-funded regional TA on adaptation and DRRM projects undertaken in Manila and other areas. It will promote synergies with ADB lending programs such as the Integrated Natural Resources and Environmental Management project and benefit from other climate change projects funded by the German Agency for International Cooperation, the Global Green Growth Institute, the Australian Agency for International Development, the United States Agency for International Development and the United Nations Development Program in terms of exchange of relevant datasets and information on good practices for green growth and climate resilience.