Regional: Implementation of the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience: Pacific Region

Sovereign Project | 46449-001

Summary

The regional capacity development technical assistance (R-CDTA) will support the implementation of the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) for the Pacific Region, which was approved by the PPCR Subcommittee on 30 April 2012. It will facilitate more effective integration of climate change adaptation (CCA) and related disaster risk reduction (DRR) into development processes, for improving resilience of Pacific island countries to climate change and climate-related disasters. The R-CDTA will complement and build upon country-track SPCRs in the Pacific region (PNG, Samoa, Tonga), and it will make use of the partnership of ADB, the Council of Regional Organisations in the Pacific (CROP) agencies, and the World Bank.

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Project Name Implementation of the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience: Pacific Region
Project Number 46449-001
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8360-REG: Implementation of the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience: Pacific Region
Strategic Climate Fund US$ 3.69 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development

Finance - Infrastructure finance and investment funds

Transport - Transport policies and institutional development

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description

The regional capacity development technical assistance (R-CDTA) will support the implementation of the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) for the Pacific Region, which was approved by the PPCR Subcommittee on 30 April 2012. It will facilitate more effective integration of climate change adaptation (CCA) and related disaster risk reduction (DRR) into development processes, for improving resilience of Pacific island countries to climate change and climate-related disasters. The R-CDTA will complement and build upon country-track SPCRs in the Pacific region (PNG, Samoa, Tonga), and it will make use of the partnership of ADB, the Council of Regional Organisations in the Pacific (CROP) agencies, and the World Bank.

The R-CDTA will have two main outputs: (i) CCA and DRR mainstreamed in national and local development policies and plans; and (ii) Pacific DMCs capacity to respond to climate change risks built and supported. It will provide countries with support that is best provided on a regional, instead of national, basis and will complement, not duplicate, major ongoing CCA/DRR initiatives being implemented in the region. Technical assistance will be delivered through existing regional institutions, which will apply approaches and methodologies that have been proven successful through the delivery of CCA/DRR programs and previous regional experiences. The project will establish a Regional Technical Support Mechanism (RTSM) that will respond or facilitate response to the DMCs' CCA- and DRR-related needs, and a rapid response fund (RRF), which will finance the experts deployed by the RTSM to requesting Pacific DMCs.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Effective response by Pacific countries to climate change vulnerabilities is impeded by: (i) limited capacity at national, regional, sectoral, and local levels; (ii) limited knowledge/technology; (iii) limited finance; (iv) challenges in accessing climate financing; and (v) limited effective coordination mechanisms at regional, national, sectoral, and local levels. In addition, an integrated CCA and DRR approach is often compromised by poor coordination among communities of practice around disasters, climate change, development, and financing. The Pacific countries have recently begun to pursue regional and national initiatives to integrate CCA and DRR into development processes and, thus, require assistance in developing a more systematic approach to do so.

The Pacific Regional SPCR will complement and build on country-track SPCRs in the Pacific region (Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Tonga). It will focus particularly, but not exclusively, on building capacity in the 11 Pacific island countries that do not have PPCR country tracks and on replicating and scaling-up good practices and lessons learned (knowledge and capacity building) from the country tracks to the other 11 countries. The Pacific Regional SPCR will also support transformational change of national programs, in close collaboration and coordination with CROP agencies, to strengthen national capacity, increase knowledge, and replicate climate-resilient measures.

Impact Increased resilience of Pacific DMCs to climate variability and climate change.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved capacity of Pacific DMCs to respond to climate change impacts and related natural disasters.
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction are integrated and mainstreamed into national and local policies and plans, resulting in climate-responsive development planning.

Pacific DMCs capacity to respond to climate change risks built and supported through strengthened adaptive capacities and support facilities, such as RTSM and RRF.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Situation Analysis for both pilot countries (Kosrae State, FSM, and Tuvalu) have been finalized, and mainstreaming activities have been identified through workshops and planning exercises.

The RTSM and RRF are ready to receive country requests for TA. Application to access RTSM resources and a roster of experts are now integrated in the Pacific climate change portal.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The Pacific Regional SPCR proposal was jointly prepared by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the CROP agencies through a broad-based consultative process, including meetings with PPCR pilot countries in the Pacific region and other Pacific developing member countries (DMCs) and various studies under PPCR Phase 1 with technical support from the ADB.
During Project Implementation

An Advisory Panel will provide strategic guidance for the program in conjunction with CROP agencies. It will review program implementation, ensure that the program is monitored and evaluated on a regular basis, oversee periodic reporting on the progress of the SPCR as required by the PPCR Subcommittee, and recommend aspects of the work or progress of the program that should be reported to the countries. A Coordination Secretariat will be established in the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS) to serve as the secretariat of the advisory panel and to facilitate coordination between the regional SPCR components and between the SPCR regional and national programs.

The two pilot countries for mainstreaming activities were selected based on criteria jointly agreed by the CROP agencies and the participating MDBs. A participatory review of existing subnational planning processes, policies, and legislation, involving key stakeholders from government, relevant nongovernment organizations (NGOs), priority sectors, and local communities including women and youth, will identify best practices on CCA/DRR mainstreaming. A participatory assessment of key CCA/DRR issues and challenges will also be conducted. Capacity building on CCA/DRR mainstreaming will be conducted for community leaders in the public and private sectors. In collaboration with the Pacific Gender Climate Coalition, CCA/DRR policies and plans will be analyzed and, if necessary, revised to become more gender sensitive.

Responsible ADB Officer Hanna Uusimaa
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport, Energy and Natural Resources Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 21 Dec 2012
Fact Finding 12 Nov 2012 to 16 Nov 2012
MRM -
Approval 25 Apr 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 19 Feb 2015

TA 8360-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
25 Apr 2013 - 25 Apr 2013 31 May 2016 01 Jun 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 3,691,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3,691,000.00 25 Apr 2013 861,231.07

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