Myanmar: Transformation of Urban Management

Sovereign Project | 46496-001

Summary

The capacity development technical assistance (CDTA) will promote sustainable urban development in Myanmar towns by building institutional capacity of local authorities, leading to the prioritised needs-based provision of essential infrastructure. This capacity development activity of Part I (urban management) prioritizes the development and effective management of six major and relevant cities (Batch I - Yangon, Mandalay, and Mawlamyine; Batch II Pathein, Lashio, and Monywa), and further encourages the growth of district towns to stimulate balanced decentralised economic growth. However, Part II (flood risk assessment) will focus three key cities only (Yangon, Mandalay, and Mawlamyine). The CDTA will develop the capacity of civil servants of local (and regional) governments to plan, budget and prepare for multi sector urban development projects, some of which may eventually be funded by multi-lateral development banks and other development partners, or both.

Latest Project Documents

Title Document Date
Transformation of Urban Management Aug 2013

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Project Name Transformation of Urban Management
Project Number 46496-001
Country Myanmar
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8456-MYA: Transformation of Urban Management
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Other urban services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The capacity development technical assistance (CDTA) will promote sustainable urban development in Myanmar towns by building institutional capacity of local authorities, leading to the prioritised needs-based provision of essential infrastructure. This capacity development activity of Part I (urban management) prioritizes the development and effective management of six major and relevant cities (Batch I - Yangon, Mandalay, and Mawlamyine; Batch II Pathein, Lashio, and Monywa), and further encourages the growth of district towns to stimulate balanced decentralised economic growth. However, Part II (flood risk assessment) will focus three key cities only (Yangon, Mandalay, and Mawlamyine). The CDTA will develop the capacity of civil servants of local (and regional) governments to plan, budget and prepare for multi sector urban development projects, some of which may eventually be funded by multi-lateral development banks and other development partners, or both. At the end of the CDTA the six participating cities will have formulated business operations plans for three or four key service sectors, i.e., water supply, sanitation, waste management, drainage, and flood management (only Yangon, Mandalay and Mawlamyine). These services represent relevant areas for possible future ADB investments. The business operations plans will cover aspects of technical operations, financial management, and inclusiveness of service provision, taking into account the needs and payment capacity of the urban poor. The CDTA will initiate its activities in Yangon, and later upscale to include the other cities
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Since ADB resumed operations in Myanmar, capacity development of sector institutions was seen as a prime area of concern and interest. It was considered important to strengthen the capacities of sector organization in an early stage before lending operations for urban development and water resume. This capacity development technical assistance was developed taking into account the newly emerging challenges and requirements of a rapidly transforming Myanmar.
Impact Effective and inclusive urban management in the project areas
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved skills to manage urban development
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Development of training modules

2. Implementation of training activities

3. Formulation of urban services business operations plans

4. Institutional sustainability of capacity development

5. Flood risk assessment

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The proposal was discussed with the government during various consultation missions, and the government concurs with the impact, outcome, outputs, implementation arrangements, cost, financing arrangements, and terms of reference
During Project Implementation

Executing Agency shall be the Department of Human Settlements and Housing Development (DHSHD), Ministry of Construction (MOC). MOC is the main agency responsible for the planning and management of urban infrastructure and services. The DHSHD which used to serve only the greater Yangon region has become an entity of the MOC which is now supposed to service the whole urban sector of the country. These new tasks place major strains on the limited capacities of the DHSHD and the MOC. The proposed CDTA is intended to improve MOC's capacity to better manage its tasks, and to help city development committees to overcome proactively in a learning-by-doing' approach their own capacity limitations. The EA will establish a multi-agency Steering Committee consisting of representatives from MOC, other ministries, professional organizations, and city development committees. The Steering Committee will supervise the work and outcome of the CDTA.

The Implementing Agency shall be the Urban Research and Development Institute (URDI) at MOC in Yangon, established in January 2012 (with support from UN-Habitat). The Institute has been established to strengthen policy formulation and arrange training programs to build national and local government capacity in inclusive urban planning and management. URDI is currently servicing through its induction program of in-service training sessions for newly recruited staff of the Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC), this CDTA is intended to create such a capacity within URDI. Part II and Output 5 of the work, will be developed with DMH which is responsible for weather forecast, flood forecast, and flood reduction measures, shall be involved in the subsector of drainage and flood management.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will be implemented over 24 months, from 1 October 2013 to 30 September 2015. TA proceeds will be disbursed in accordance with Technical Assistance Handbook (May 2010, as amended from time to time). The TA will finance an estimated 43 person-months international consultants and 230 person-months for national consultants, covering both Part I and Part II. All consultants will be engaged by ADB in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). Procurement under this TA will be in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). The procurement modality for Part I (Urban Management) will use quality costs based selection (QCBS) and the quality-cost ratio will be 80:20; the procurement modality for Part II (Flood Management) will be single source selection (SSS) and will use quality cost based selection (QCBS) and the quality-cost ratio will be 80:20. The Public Works Research Institute, Japan, the parent organization of the International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management (ICHARM), which is the regional water knowledge hub for disaster risk reduction and flood management under the Knowledge Hubs initiative of the Asia-Pacific Water Forum, will be hired by ADB through the SSS method to provide: (i) their own methodology of hydro-meteorological analysis in the Irrawaddy River basin and the Yangon plain; and (ii) lesson learned from other countries for better flood risk management.
Procurement The SSS method is justified by the exceptional value of its technological expertise and experience. ICHARM has developed the Rainfall Runoff Inundation model (the RRI model) which can reproduce runoff processes in mountainous areas and rivers coupled with flood inundation phenomenon in flood plains simultaneously, which is difficult to be reproduced by existing distributed runoff models. The RRI model has been employed with satellite-based hydrological data in a JICA project, Project on a Comprehensive Flood Management Plan for the Chao Phraya River Basin , and was highly regarded of its valuable results in the analysis of the 2011 flood. As a result of the application to the Indus River basin in Pakistan utilizing satellite-based hydrological data, the RRI model was appreciated by UNESCO for its usefulness in flood-inundation forecasting and management over the large-scale river basin. The Ayeyarwady River basin (target area of this project) consists of both a mountainous and a vast delta area and has insufficient hydrological data, such as rainfall data and elevation data. To estimate flood risk for the basin, a comprehensive approach covering river runoff processes from slopes to flood plains with satellite-based hydrological data must be applied. Moreover, ICHARM provides master, doctoral and other educational programs for international students including some from Myanmar. For these reasons, ICHARM is the only organization that can effectively execute flood inundation analysis for the Ayeyarwady River basin as well as capacity development in flood inundation analysis.
Responsible ADB Officer Eri Honda
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of ConstructionDept of Highways, Room No.702,Bldg no.2
(B),Bagan Housing, Anawratha Rd, Blk 334
/344, Landmadaw Township,Yangon,Myanmar
Timetable
Concept Clearance 17 Jun 2013
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 20 Sep 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 25 Sep 2014

TA 8456-MYA

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
20 Sep 2013 25 Oct 2013 25 Oct 2013 31 Dec 2015 30 Dec 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 2,000,000.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,200,000.00 20 Sep 2013 329,982.31
Title Document Type Document Date
Transformation of Urban Management Technical Assistance Reports Aug 2013

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