Solomon Islands: Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program

Sovereign Project | 46499-001

Summary

The proposed Solomon Islands Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program (the program) will improve the transport sector's capacity to sustain improved mobility and accessibility to socioeconomic opportunities through key policy reform actions.

The impact will be that the people of the Solomon Islands have sustainably improved mobility and accessibility to socioeconomic opportunities. The outcome will be that the government achieves safe, efficient and effective transport infrastructure through continuing rehabilitation, maintenance, and improvement of transport infrastructure by promoting the National Transport Plan (NTP), National Transport Fund (NTF), and central project implementation unit (CPIU). Subject to further design dialogue, the program will deliver three outputs below.

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Project Name Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program
Project Number 46499-001
Country Solomon Islands
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8596-SOL: Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 400,000.00
TA 8596-SOL: Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program (Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 150,000.00
TA: Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 76,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Knowledge solutions
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector Transport - Road transport (non-urban) - Transport policies and institutional development - Urban public transport
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The proposed Solomon Islands Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program (the program) will improve the transport sector's capacity to sustain improved mobility and accessibility to socioeconomic opportunities through key policy reform actions.

The impact will be that the people of the Solomon Islands have sustainably improved mobility and accessibility to socioeconomic opportunities. The outcome will be that the government achieves safe, efficient and effective transport infrastructure through continuing rehabilitation, maintenance, and improvement of transport infrastructure by promoting the National Transport Plan (NTP), National Transport Fund (NTF), and central project implementation unit (CPIU). Subject to further design dialogue, the program will deliver three outputs below.

Output 1: Comprehensive transport policy development. The program will assist the Ministry of Infrastructure Development (MID) to develop a comprehensive transport policy to promote sustainable transport sector development to deliver rehabilitation, maintenance, and improvement works. The agenda will include: (i) consultation with civil society organizations during planning process; (ii) an update of a 3-year action plan under the NTP; and (iii) implementation of a safety audit system.

Output 2: Sustainable transport sector development funds. To manage existing infrastructure assets through rehabilitation and maintenance and to deliver safer and more efficient and effective transport systems, the government's continued and increased commitment to the NTF is necessary. This output will: (i) ensure an appropriate government contribution to the NTF based on MID's future work program; and (ii) develop a user charge scheme for transport infrastructure management.

Output 3: Implementation capacity development for safe, efficient and effective transport infrastructure. To realize safe, efficient and effective transport infrastructure development, MID will: (i) improve operational capacity such as procurement and disbursement processes, technical audit, and climate change adaptation; (ii) implement a strengthened framework for social, gender and environmental safeguards being developed through ADB administered technical assistance (TA) (i.e., Strengthening Country Safeguard Systems in the Transport Sector) and Transport Sector Development Project (TSDP); and (iii) continue a capacity development program for the government staff and private sector under TSDP (e.g., workshops, external training courses, and on-the-job training).

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Economic growth has been quite strong in recent years and has been largely driven by resource extraction (forestry and mining). Outside of these sectors, growth has been centered in Honiara and a few other population centers. Rural communities generally rely on subsistence agriculture, resulting in large disparities in living standards across the country. Inadequate transport infrastructure, due to lack of infrastructure capacity and deterioration, is a significant constraint that limits opportunities in rural areas. Poor inter- and intra-island transport infrastructure constrains the efficient movement of goods and people, and affects the scope and quality of essential government services. Improvements in transport infrastructure will help expand economic opportunities for poorer communities, thereby making growth more inclusive.

An efficient national transport system, especially in urban areas, is a necessity to further enhance economic growth by enabling international and regional trade. For example, severe traffic congestion has hampered activities in the central business district of Honiara in recent years. Oversaturated roundabouts, curb side parking, and traffic flow in and out of the Honiara ports and markets along a narrow corridor, cause severe traffic congestion. Pedestrians crossing the corridor are exposed to high safety risks due to the absence of adequate pedestrian crossings. Proper traffic management, traffic control, and demand management are required.

The MID has overseen various projects to maintain and rehabilitate transport infrastructure in coordination with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Australian Government, the European Union, the New Zealand Aid Programme, and Japan International Cooperation Agency. MID is currently implementing the TSDP, with support from ADB, the Australian Government, and the New Zealand Aid Programme, to address transport-related issues through establishing the environment for a comprehensive transport sector-based approach based on long-term partnerships, sector coordination, capacity development, and reliance on government systems. MID is also participating in TA for strengthening country safeguards systems in the transport sector.

The comprehensive transport sector-based approach is supported by the NTP and the NTF. The NTP sets out a strategic and policy framework to develop transport services, maintain and develop physical infrastructure, and improve the capacities of government agencies and the private sector. The NTF serves as a sustainable mechanism to fund rehabilitation and maintenance of infrastructure, as well as maritime transport services, to uneconomic destinations. Since the NTF establishment in 2011, the Australian and Solomon Islands governments have contributed $27.3 million equivalent, of which contributions from the Australian Government represents about 80% of the total value.

In 2013, the government and development partners jointly assessed the current government's practices and capacity in the transport sector and built on the lessons from past projects. This identified the need for: (i) more efficient and effective operational capacity in the CPIU and NTF Board Secretariat; (ii) reliable quantity and quality of investments in transport infrastructure; and (iii) continued capacity development for achieving sustainable transport system development. The government will implement corrective measures under the TSDP operation and then reinforce the implementation through the proposed program for subsequent investment.

The program will further promote the trinity of the transport sector (i.e., the NTP, NTF, and CPIU) with a policy matrix indicating future directions for incremental reforms to be identified as a post-program monitoring framework. The program will benefit populations in rural and urban areas by facilitating the establishment of an improved transport sector capacity for achieving improved mobility and accessibility through a better transport infrastructure system, which will stimulate growth of domestic industry and expand socioeconomic opportunities. The program will also increase the government's ownership of the transport sector.

Transport sector development is a national priority in the Solomon Islands' National Development Strategy, 2011 2020. Transport is a strategic priority in ADB's Solomon Islands Country Partnership Strategy 2012 2016. The program is included in ADB's Solomon Islands Country Operations Business Plan 2014 2016.

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project preparatory TA (PPTA) will conduct consultations with potential stakeholders and beneficiaries, while encouraging participations of vulnerable groups, in remote rural and urban areas, through workshops on the social and poverty assessment and the environmental assessment to gauge the effectiveness of the program to improve their quality of life.
During Project Implementation A participation strategy, including identification of key issues affecting program implementation related to infrastructure design and implementation arrangements, community engagement, and effective achievement of poverty reduction objectives, will be developed. Based on the preparation strategy outlining recommendations prior to construction work, good relations will be established with contracted construction workers. The engagement of facilitators (either by the program implementation consultants or construction contractor) will be recommended to assist in drawing up community agreements, negotiate terms of employment (if any) and sale of aggregate (if appropriate); raise awareness of sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV/AIDS and environmental protection; and reduce the potential for conflict between communities and construction teams.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The PPTA will finance the services of 6 international consultants for a maximum total

period of 14.5 person-months for: (i) transport sector assessment and stakeholder analysis to

consider the applicability of program modality; (ii) program design through identification of

required actions to improve the national transport system, and (iii) institutional analysis of Ministry of Infrastructure Development

and a central project implementation unit (CPIU) and other stakeholders to identify required

actions for strengthening implementation capacity. About 5 months of intermittent counterpart

staff services will be provided by the executing agency (EA). Individual consultants will be

recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended

from time to time).

Responsible ADB Officer Sarosh I. Khan
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport, Energy and Natural Resources Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Infrastructure DevelopmentPO Box 1213
Honiara, Solomon Islands
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 16 Dec 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

TA

Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
76,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 76,000.00 - 0.00

TA 8596-SOL

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Dec 2013 13 Jan 2014 13 Jan 2014 11 Jul 2014 30 Jun 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
550,000.00 0.00 50,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 600,500.00 16 Dec 2013 491,540.93

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