Solomon Islands: Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program

Sovereign Project | 46499-002

Summary

The NTP formally sets out strategic objective of developing an effective transport infrastructure and transport services to support sustained economic growth and social development in Solomon Islands. The plan provides the framework to develop and maintain transport sector physical infrastructure and services, and improve the capacities of government agencies and the private sector. The NTF serves as a sustainable mechanism to fund the development and maintenance of transport infrastructure and transport services. Of the 1502 km of sealed and unsealed roads, 377 bridges and 81 wharves, NTP targets to rehabilitate these infrastructure assets to maintainable conditions and 100% to be annually maintained by 2030.

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Project Name Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program
Project Number 46499-002
Country Solomon Islands
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant: Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program
Australian Grant US$ 25.30 million
Loan: Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Improvement Program
Asian Development Fund US$ 14.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector Transport - Road transport (non-urban) - Transport policies and institutional development - Urban roads and traffic management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The NTP formally sets out strategic objective of developing an effective transport infrastructure and transport services to support sustained economic growth and social development in Solomon Islands. The plan provides the framework to develop and maintain transport sector physical infrastructure and services, and improve the capacities of government agencies and the private sector. The NTF serves as a sustainable mechanism to fund the development and maintenance of transport infrastructure and transport services. Of the 1502 km of sealed and unsealed roads, 377 bridges and 81 wharves, NTP targets to rehabilitate these infrastructure assets to maintainable conditions and 100% to be annually maintained by 2030.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The proposed Asian Development Bank (ADB) assistance will support the Government of Solomon Islands (government) to implement the nationwide program from 2015-2020 to improve its multimodal transport system, including its safety. The program, supporting the priorities of the National Transport Plan (NTP), is a major government initiative that pools funding from the government budget, ADB and the Government of Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). It will be for (i) transport infrastructure rehabilitated and maintained to be safe, gender responsive, and climate- and disaster resilient for all users, (ii) country systems strengthened, and competency and capacity of government agencies improved to finance and implement national transport plans, and (iii) MID's supervision and management of work program strengthened.

The program will benefit populations in rural and urban areas by strengthening country systems for achieving better transport infrastructure system and intermodal connectivity of national transport infrastructure using the existing mechanisms established through NTP, NTF, and CPIU. Improved accessibility and mobility will stimulate growth of domestic industry, such as agriculture; regional trade, and expansion of socioeconomic opportunities for rural and urban communities. The program will also increase the sustainability of transport infrastructure improvement through a comprehensive sector approach.

Transport sector development is a national priority in the Solomon Islands National Development Strategy, 2011 2020. Transport is a strategic priority in ADB's Solomon Islands Country Partnership Strategy 2012 2016. The STIIP is included in ADB's Solomon Islands Country Operations Business Plan 2014 2016.

The results based lending (RBL) modality is proposed, as it (i) supports SIG's medium and long term transport plans; (ii) strengthens country system to deliver the NTP to meet SIG's development goals; and (iii) aligns ADB support with government and other development partner assistance through the National Transport Fund (NTF). The STIIP provides sector-wide financing of government's transport sector program upon achievement of a set of pre-agreed Disbursement Linked Indicators (DLIs).

Impact Sustainable access to socioeconomic opportunities and inclusive growth
Outcome Multimodal transport system performance, including safety, improved
Outputs

1. Transport infrastructure rehabilitated and maintained with access for all users, safety, gender-responsiveness, and climate- and disaster-resilience improved

2. Country systems strengthened to finance and implement the NTP.

3. MID's management and supervision capacity strengthened

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

The physical works component of the program will include wharf/road/airfields maintenance and rehabilitation works.

Environmental impacts are expected to be minimal and manageable provided the environmental management plans are properly implemented. This will be the fifth transport infrastructure to be implemented and the capacity of the project management unit in dealing with safeguards matters is improving.

Involuntary Resettlement It is not expected to involve significant resettlement impacts, as most subprojects will be existing infrastructures and the rehabilitation works will be undertaken within the existing right of way or on land owned by the government.
Indigenous Peoples Melanesians and Polynesians, who comprise vast majority of the country's population, are native people of Solomon Islands. The program is not expected to have adverse impact on or target any particular group. While separate indigenous peoples planning documents (IPPF/IPP) are not needed for the program, it will be ensured that all program components or subprojects will be implemented in a culturally appropriate and participatory manner to meet the needs of various people in the subproject area.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project preparatory TA will conduct consultations with potential stakeholders and beneficiaries, while encouraging participations of vulnerable groups, in remote rural and urban areas, through workshops on the social and poverty assessment and the environmental assessment to gauge the effectiveness of the program to improve their quality of life.
During Project Implementation A participation strategy, including identification of key issues affecting program implementation related to infrastructure design and implementation arrangements, community engagement, and effective achievement of poverty reduction objectives, will be developed. Based on the preparation strategy outlining recommendations prior to construction work, good relations will be established with contracted construction workers. The engagement of facilitators (either by the program implementation consultants or construction contractor) will be recommended to assist in drawing up community agreements, negotiate terms of employment (if any) and sale of aggregate (if appropriate); raise awareness of sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV/AIDS and environmental protection; and reduce the potential for conflict between communities and construction teams.
Responsible ADB Officer Sarosh I. Khan
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport, Energy and Natural Resources Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance and TreasuryP.O. Box 26
Honiara, Solomon Islands
Timetable
Concept Clearance 16 Dec 2013
Fact Finding 09 Feb 2015 to 18 Feb 2015
MRM 19 May 2015
Approval 16 Feb 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

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