Pakistan: Jalalpur Irrigation Project

Sovereign Project | 46528-002

Summary

The proposed Jalalpur Irrigation Project (JIP) is located along right bank of River Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. It will create new non-perennial irrigation services for enhanced agricultural production on 79,750 ha in Pind Daden Khan and Khushab districts. The project will increase kharif crop intensity by 50%, improve crop yield and reduce land degradation. It will directly benefit over 200,000 rural people; mostly poor. The project will (i) construct over 200 km new irrigation canals, (ii) introduce institutional reforms and establish farmers' organizations (FOs), and (iii) build farmers capacity. The project is included in country operations business plan (COBP: 2013-2014) and it will contribute to food security and economic growth and will alleviate rural poverty in the project area.

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Project Name Jalalpur Irrigation Project
Project Number 46528-002
Country Pakistan
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Punjab Irrigation
Asian Development Fund US$ 150.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural production - Irrigation - Rural flood protection - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The proposed Jalalpur Irrigation Project (JIP) is located along right bank of River Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. It will create new non-perennial irrigation services for enhanced agricultural production on 79,750 ha in Pind Daden Khan and Khushab districts. The project will increase kharif crop intensity by 50%, improve crop yield and reduce land degradation. It will directly benefit over 200,000 rural people; mostly poor. The project will (i) construct over 200 km new irrigation canals, (ii) introduce institutional reforms and establish farmers' organizations (FOs), and (iii) build farmers capacity. The project is included in country operations business plan (COBP: 2013-2014) and it will contribute to food security and economic growth and will alleviate rural poverty in the project area.

The project impact will be the increased agricultural production in the project area (Pind Daden Khan and Khushab districts). The project outcome will be irrigation water supplies and agricultural support services available in the project area. The project outputs will be (i) new irrigation canals and appurtenant structures constructed, (ii) farmers organizations established, (iii) private agriculture support services (PASS) available and (iv) capacity of the farmers and the staff from PID and Punjab Irrigation and Drainage Authority (PIDA) improved.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Pakistan's population of 180 million in 2011 is projected to be 221 million in 2025. The population increase combined together with changed living standards will require 40-50% additional food by 2025. This additional food can be achieved through increased crop yield and expanded irrigated area, wherever opportunities exist. Punjab contributes to about 80% of the Pakistan's food requirements and $60 billion to the national gross domestic product (GDP). Irrigated agriculture accounts for 28% of Punjab's GDP and employs over 50% of its labor force. Punjab manages an existing irrigation system serving 8.4 million ha irrigated land. Replacement cost of Punjab's irrigation infrastructure is about $18 billion.

The Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) (2009-2013) prioritizes improving the irrigation infrastructure. ADB's agriculture sector evaluation (2006) for Pakistan emphasizes improving water resources and irrigation. The water sector roadmap identifies improving the infrastructure, institutions and agricultural production to drive sustainable agricultural growth. The Medium-Term Development Framework (MTDF) (2007-2012) estimated an investment requirement of over $100 million per year for irrigation sector. The Punjab Irrigation Department (PID) is working with ADB, World Bank and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) on improvement of irrigated agriculture. ADB's $700 million multitranche financing facility (MFF) for Punjab Irrigated Agriculture Investment Program (PIAIP) is supporting upgrading the irrigation infrastructure, on-farm agriculture and institutional reforms over 2 million ha. Punjab has already transferred operational management of distributary canals serving another 1.5 million ha to FOs under different projects. Punjab allocated PKR9.0 billion ($95 million equivalent) in the MTDF 2012-15 for new irrigation projects.

A stand-alone project loan is proposed as (i) the project scope is limited to only one irrigation system, (ii) project area is well-defined, (iii) project implementation period will be shorter, and (iv) policy reforms agreed under the PIAIP MFF will also be applied here

Impact Improved agricultural production in the proposed Jalalpur Irrigation Project area (Pind Daden Khan and Khushab districts)
Outcome Irrigation water supplies and agricultural support services available in the project area.
Outputs

Irrigation canals and appurtenant structures constructed.

Farmers organizations established.

Private agricultural support services (PASS) available.

Capacity of the farmers and staff from Punjab Irrigation Department and Punjab Irrigation and drainage Authority improved.

Geographical Location Pind Daden Khan and Khshab Districts (Punjab)
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects to be done
Involuntary Resettlement to be done
Indigenous Peoples to be done
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

The main stakeholders of the project are famers with and without land holdings, landowners on the canals routes that will be negatively affected and Punjab Irrigation and agricultural department and relevant non-governmental organizations in the project area. The project design include developing framework for (i) establishing water users associations and farmers organization (ii) operational management of the distributary and minor canals and water courses, (iii) irrigation water allocation and use of subsurface water, all will require social mobilization and consultation. General consensus on the issues will be possible through effective consultation and participation of the stakeholders.

Institutional mechanism for farmers management of distributary and minor canals, collection of water fee and spending on the operation and maintenance will result engaging and empowerment of the farmers as the main stakeholders. PPTA will further assess and firm up the requirement.

During Project Implementation Farming communities will be sensitized, consulted and mobilized for formation of farmers organization for operational management of irrigation system constructed under the project.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Design and supervision consultancy contract
Procurement Several ICB and NCB works contract to be identified by the PPTA
Responsible ADB Officer Akhtar Ali
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Punjab Irrigation DepartmentMr. Khalid Masood, Secretarymdpida@cyber.net.pkc/o Superintending Engineer Link Canal Circle, Canal Bank Mughalpur, Lahore, Pakistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 18 Jul 2013
Fact Finding 11 Mar 2013 to 29 Mar 2013
MRM 18 May 2016
Approval 29 Jul 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Mar 2015

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