Kyrgyz Republic: Strengthening Education System Sector Development Program

Sovereign Project | 46537-002

Summary

The sector development program (SDP) will support the government's plans to improve school education quality as enunciated in the Education Development Strategy for 2012-2020, and the National Strategy for Sustainable Development launched in 2013, which recognizes the quality of education as one of the most reliable indicators of the future development of any nation . The SDP is reflected in the draft COBP 2014-2016 and in the draft KGZ CPS 2013-17. The SDP will also support the Kyrgyz Republic's plans to join the European Higher Education Area and steps taken to implement the Bologna 3-cycle academic process, curriculum development for a Master degree program in pedagogy and supporting reforms in the quality assurance system.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices

See also: CMS

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Notices

See also: Operational Procurement

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Documents


Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Project Name Strengthening Education System Sector Development Program
Project Number 46537-002
Country Kyrgyz Republic
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0407-KGZ: Strengthening Education System Sector Development Program
Asian Development Fund US$ 10.00 million
Grant 0408-KGZ: Strengthening the Education System-Sector Development Program
Asian Development Fund US$ 12.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Education - Education sector development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The sector development program (SDP) will support the government's plans to improve school education quality as enunciated in the Education Development Strategy for 2012-2020, and the National Strategy for Sustainable Development launched in 2013, which recognizes the quality of education as one of the most reliable indicators of the future development of any nation . The SDP is reflected in the draft COBP 2014-2016 and in the draft KGZ CPS 2013-17. The SDP will also support the Kyrgyz Republic's plans to join the European Higher Education Area and steps taken to implement the Bologna 3-cycle academic process, curriculum development for a Master degree program in pedagogy and supporting reforms in the quality assurance system.

The program component under the SDP will include: (i) creation of an independent curriculum and textbooks review mechanism in MOES by establishing a consultative council; (ii) approval of quality assurance standards and accreditation system for pedagogy programs; (iii) regulations for delivery of MA/MS program in pedagogy in universities; (iv) defining e-education standards for institutions providing distance education option to students; (v) establishing a school development fund to rehabilitate selected schools; and (vi) strengthening community participation in schools. The SDP will aim to create sustainable reforms process and accrual of long term benefits to the country.

The investment component under the SDP will aim at improving the quality of education, including support for: (i) full implementation of curricula developed under the SEP; (ii) development and printing of LTMs for grades 7 9 and teacher training for the new curriculum; (iii) strengthened pre- and in-service teacher training systems; (iv) improved learning environment in selected innovative resource schools through showcasing of reforms and provision of additional infrastructure; (v) support for a Bologna process compliant quality assurance system for pedagogical programs; (vi) improved community participation in schools; and (vii) consultancy services, studies, surveys, and stakeholder consultation workshops.

Textbook printing, financed by the project component will follow implementation of an effective textbook rental scheme and commitment to reprint textbooks using textbook revolving fund. In March 2013, the World Bank approved the Sector Support for Education Reform Project for Kyrgyz Republic. This $16.5 million project will primarily focus on primary and lower secondary education and support improved learning outcomes in the education sector including improved teacher training, revision of curricular, printing and provision of learning and teaching materials up to grade 6. The SDP will be developed in close coordination with the World Bank project to ensure synergies and support.

Impact, Outcome, and Outputs

The impact will be strengthened and coherently functioning school education system in Kyrgyz Republic. The outcome will be learning environment and key quality aspects of school education improved in Kyrgyz Republic. The four outputs are: (i) curricula and LTMs for secondary schools developed, piloted, and printed; (ii) improved access to quality teacher education and training programs; (iii) improved learning environment in innovative resource schools; and (iv) greater community involvement in school management.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Students, classrooms, textbooks, learning and teaching materials, curricula, and most importantly the teachers, along with mechanisms of development and interaction between these components, together constitute the system responsible for educating the nation's children. Previous Asian Development Bank (ADB) projects, including the Second Education Project (SEP) and support from other development partners, have strengthened key components of this system in the Kyrgyz Republic. SEP helped develop a new education curriculum focusing on improvement of teaching methodologies and learning assessment, and supported learning and development and printing of learning and teaching materials (LTM) for grade 1. Low fiscal space in the budget forced the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic to reduce the pace of reform implementation. Consequently textbooks are yet to be developed and printed for grades 5 11 and teachers need to be trained to deliver the new curriculum.

Following independence in 1991, the Kyrgyz Republic has focused on improving education quality in schools. However, low teacher quality and ineffective teaching practices remain key variables that have a significant bearing on the weak learning attainment endemic in the education system. A low-quality education system, inadequately linked to the national growth plans and private sector, neither allows for an optimal realization of the socio-economic development of the country nor leads to sustainable reforms. A sector development program (SDP) is therefore proposed to tackle the problem in a holistic manner. Lessons learned from SEP implementation will benefit the SDP design which will have two parallel and interacting components a program component to focus on policy reforms and a project component to target key interventions and investments in the education sector. By focusing on all critical elements of the school education system, along with the linkages between these elements, the proposed SDP is expected to have a significant impact on the performance of the school education system of the country. The decision to process an SDP is based on lessons learned and recommendations from SEP implementation. The draft project completion report for SEP is under preparation. Lessons learned are: (i) ensure full government commitment to support/fund reforms; (ii) curriculum reform to include its critical components (teacher training, learning and teaching materials etc.); and (iii) ensure comprehensive due diligence, compact design with accurate cost and time estimates. The recommendations are: (i) effective follow up to ensure adoption of new curricula and learning methodologies; (ii) reform Kyrgyz Academy of Education's conflicting role in curriculum approval, textbook development and production; and (iii) focus on policy reform to ensure sustainable reforms.

Teachers are the fundamental building block of a country's education system and are the key to its success. Long-term, sustainable reform of school education will only occur when the curricula for in- and pre-service teacher training incorporate new teaching methodologies and learning assessment systems. This requires the relevant university and teacher training institute (TTI) faculty to be abreast of the latest research and developments in pedagogy applicable to the Kyrgyz context. Teacher trainers also must have the qualifications and training to conduct the requisite programs. There is an acute shortage of active, qualified teachers in the Kyrgyz Republic. In 2011 2012 school year the teacher deficit was 4%, while 1,264 out of the country's 2,204 schools experienced teacher shortages. This occurs especially in science where the lack of sufficient laboratories, teaching aids, and materials is compounded by the absence of appropriately qualified teachers. The move towards introduction of integrated science subjects in secondary grades will help improve the situation to some degree, but there is an urgent need for qualified science teachers. Technology-assisted e-education modules can provide a high quality distance education option to aspiring teachers and, together with existing programs, present a viable option to improve access to high quality in- and pre-service teacher education and training programs.

The low preparatory level of secondary school students is real and pervasive across the country and leads to dropouts of many new entrants to universities. Those that enter the workplace fare no better and face high levels of unemployment. Kyrgyz students ranked last in math, science, and reading among nations that participated in the 2006 and 2009 rounds of the Program for International Student Assessment. This phenomenon is reported to be getting worse each year across the higher education system. There is also significant disparity in test scores between students living in cities and those who reside outside the main urban areas. Lack of access to requisite quality human resources can significantly impact development achievements and growth in the country.

The quality of higher education and its relevance to the economy are currently of greatest concern to the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic. The enrollment distribution by discipline in higher education does not support the government's aspirations to prioritize development of mining, construction, telecommunications, agriculture and processing, information and communication technology, focusing on innovation and entrepreneurship. The majority (77%) of students are enrolled in humanities and social sciences, with only 23% pursuing technical options. To provide support to and increase the number of students pursuing technical streams requires the availability of modern curricula at the upper secondary level.

Impact Improved human resources development for competitiveness of the Kyrgyz Republic
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Enhanced quality, access, and efficiency of public education in the Kyrgyz Republic
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Quality of curriculum and teaching learning materials improved

Quality of teachers and in-service teacher training improved

Access to quality education through innovative schools improved

Sector and project management improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Kyrgyz Republic
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design A project preparatory technical assistance helped design the SDP. Extensive stakeholder consultations were conducted during processing of the PPTA and project design.
During Project Implementation Wide stakeholder participation is expected to be a key implementation strategy for the SDP.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services It is proposed that 59 person-months international and 171 person-months national consulting inputs will be engaged under the SDP.
Procurement The SDP will provide ICT/multimedia equipment, office equipment, videoconference system, science laboratory equipment, science software, furniture, smart classrooms, along with minor rehabilitation works of of school physical facilities.
Responsible ADB Officer Jazira Asanova
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Public Management, Financial Sector and Trade Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education and ScienceMr. Sadykov Kanat, Ministers_kanat@mail.ru257 Tynystanov str., 720040, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic
Timetable
Concept Clearance 03 Jul 2013
Fact Finding 26 May 2014 to 06 Jun 2014
MRM 18 Jul 2014
Approval 29 Sep 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 06 Mar 2015

Grant 0407-KGZ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Sep 2014 23 Jan 2015 28 Jul 2015 31 May 2018 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 10.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 10.00 29 Sep 2014 3.00 0.00 30%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 29 Sep 2014 3.00 0.00 30%

Grant 0408-KGZ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Sep 2014 23 Jan 2015 28 Jul 2015 31 Aug 2021 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 14.12 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 12.00 29 Sep 2014 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 2.12 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 29 Sep 2014 0.00 0.00 0%

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.