Pakistan: Federally Administered Tribal Areas Water Resources Development Project

Sovereign Project | 47021-002

Summary

The scope of the proposed project will be based on the recommendations of the water assessment study carried out under FRDP, which address the issues such as water scarcity, insufficient irrigation facilities, water conservation, and weak water resource management. The study identified that groundwater aquifers in all the watersheds were depleting even under average weather conditions because of unplanned exploitation of groundwater for irrigation and domestic use, and recommended shift from groundwater to surface water. It identified potential for developing surface water resources for irrigated agriculture and other uses, and integrating that with the watershed management and command area development to ensure sustainable use of the resources without degrading the watersheds. It proposed sites for small reservoirs/ponds and diversion weirs in 44 watersheds of Mohamand, Bajaur, and Khyber Agencies to bring new land under irrigation along with improved watershed management.

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Project Name Federally Administered Tribal Areas Water Resources Development Project
Project Number 47021-002
Country Pakistan
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3239-PAK: FATA Water Resources Development Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 42.97 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Forestry - Irrigation - Water-based natural resources management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The scope of the proposed project will be based on the recommendations of the water assessment study carried out under FRDP, which address the issues such as water scarcity, insufficient irrigation facilities, water conservation, and weak water resource management. The study identified that groundwater aquifers in all the watersheds were depleting even under average weather conditions because of unplanned exploitation of groundwater for irrigation and domestic use, and recommended shift from groundwater to surface water. It identified potential for developing surface water resources for irrigated agriculture and other uses, and integrating that with the watershed management and command area development to ensure sustainable use of the resources without degrading the watersheds. It proposed sites for small reservoirs/ponds and diversion weirs in 44 watersheds of Mohamand, Bajaur, and Khyber Agencies to bring new land under irrigation along with improved watershed management. The Project will provide irrigation supplies in three agencies to increase crop production of the rain fed area and unutilized land to be brought under cultivation. It will (i) construct small reservoirs/ponds, diversion weirs, and conveyance channels; (ii) develop command area; and (iii) improve watershed management.

The project impact will be increased farm incomes in the project area thereby reducing poverty and increasing household food security. The project outcome will be improved agricultural productivity of selected watersheds and their associated natural resource base. Project outputs include (i) construction of new irrigation infrastructure, including nine small concrete gravity dams with a maximum height of 15 meters each, 31 diversion weirs, and 95 kilometers of main and secondary irrigation channels; (ii) improved on-farm management through construction of 144 kilometers of lined watercourses, terracing and land leveling on a command area of 4,615 ha, along with installation of rain and stream gauges to measure water availability; (iii) improved watershed management on 5,050 ha through afforestation of the degraded watersheds and, where appropriate, construction of check dams; and (iv) efficient project management and evaluation.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

FATA is one of the most poor and deprived regions in Pakistan. Its total population is around 4.5 million and about 97% of the population lives in rural area. Socioeconomic indicators, such as health, education, water supply, roads, and agriculture land holdings are lowest in FATA as compared to country and neighboring Khyber Pakhtunkhawa (KP) province. The predominant rural population relies mainly on subsistence agriculture and livestock rearing for their livelihood. Only 8% of the total 2.7 million hectares area is cultivated, and 38% of the cultivated area is irrigated while remaining 62% is rain fed. Land holdings are small, nearly 85% of the households own less than 2 hectare of land, which is insufficient for sustaining livelihoods. Climatic conditions in FATA are arid. Water scarcity is one of the greatest challenges, which undermines efforts to improve socioeconomic conditions of the FATA inhabitants. Groundwater aquifers are depleting rapidly in most of the watersheds due to reduced rainfall and unplanned exploitation. The unplanned utilization of water resources particularly groundwater, deforestation, and over grazing of rangelands has put immense pressure on the natural resources. The watersheds are consequently in a degraded condition resulting in depletion of water resources and vegetation cover, and affecting the overall environmental equilibrium.

The proposed Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) Water Resources Development Project (FWRDP) is located along the western border of Pakistan with Afghanistan. It complements ADB's investments in three agencies of FATA (Mohmand, Bajaur, and Khyber) made through ADB-financed FATA Rural Development Project (FRDP), which was completed in March 2012.

Impact Farm income in the project area (Bajaur, Khyber, and Mohmand agencies) is increased.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved agricultural productivity of selected watersheds and their associated natural resource base
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Construction of new irrigation infrastructure

2. Improved on-farm water management

3. Improved watershed management

4. Efficient project management and evaluation

2. Project planning, management, and support strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Initial Environmental Examinations (IEE) for the identified subprojects and an Environmental Assessment and Review Framework (EARF) that provides the steps to be taken for subprojects to be selected during the project implementation stage have been prepared and posted to the web.
Involuntary Resettlement Construction of new reservoirs, weirs and channels may require land acquisition. Land required for each subproject will be few hectares and most of which expected to be barren communal land. The land acquisition and resettlement framework (LARF) for the Project and land acquisition and resettlement plan (LARP) for each core subproject have been prepared and posted to the web.
Indigenous Peoples There are no idigenous people in the project area
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The main stakeholders of the project are the households that will benefit from additional land brought under irrigation and improved access and more reliable irrigation water. Negative effects are not envisaged. The beneficiaries have been consulted during the project design.
During Project Implementation Beneficiaries will be mobilized through social mobilization process and community organizations (COs) will be formed. These will participate in identification, planning, design and implementation of the subprojects.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The consulting services will be required for design and management support. Individual consultants belonging to FATA and neighboring KP province, considered locals, will be recruited due to high security risk for non locals in the Project area
Procurement The anticipated procurement will include small works contracts, which will be procured by using ADB's national competitive bidding procedures.
Responsible ADB Officer Donneth Walton
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Pakistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
FATA SecretariatWarsak Road
Peshawar, Pakistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 29 Jul 2013
Fact Finding 22 May 2014 to 02 Jun 2014
MRM 04 Nov 2014
Approval 15 Dec 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 19 Mar 2015

Loan 3239-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
15 Dec 2014 17 Apr 2015 07 Aug 2015 30 Sep 2020 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 47.90 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 42.97 15 Dec 2014 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 4.93 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 15 Dec 2014 0.00 0.00 0%

Evaluation Documents

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