China, People's Republic of: Hubei Enshi Qing River Upstream Environment Rehabilitation Project

Sovereign Project | 47048-002 Status: Approved

Summary

The project will address inadequate wastewater collection and treatment, extensive nonpoint source pollution, and recurrent flooding that affect living standards and sustainable economic development in the Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (ETMAP) of Hubei province. The impact will be the improved environmental ecological sustainability in the upper Qing River basin . The outcome will be the improved river health and water resource management in the upper Qing River basin. The project's expected outputs are: (i) wastewater management improved; (ii) flood management enhanced; (iii) water and environmental management integrated; and (iv) inclusive capacity development strengthened.

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Project Name Hubei Enshi Qing River Upstream Environment Rehabilitation Project
Project Number 47048-002
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3277-PRC: Hubei Enshi Qing River Upstream Environment Rehabilitation Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 100.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Rural sanitation - Water-based natural resources management

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban flood protection - Urban sewerage

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will address inadequate wastewater collection and treatment, extensive nonpoint source pollution, and recurrent flooding that affect living standards and sustainable economic development in the Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (ETMAP) of Hubei province. The impact will be the improved environmental ecological sustainability in the upper Qing River basin . The outcome will be the improved river health and water resource management in the upper Qing River basin. The project's expected outputs are: (i) wastewater management improved; (ii) flood management enhanced; (iii) water and environmental management integrated; and (iv) inclusive capacity development strengthened.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Located in the upper Qing River basin (a major tributary of the Yangtze River), the ETMAP has an ethnically diverse population of 4.01 million. Because of its mountainous terrain and lack of connectivity, ETMAP's per capita income in 2012 was only CNY10,327, which was about half of the provincial level; the poverty incidence is 40% in rural areas. The ETMAP includes two cities at district level Enshi and Lichuan and six counties, which are all designated as national poverty areas. In addition to poverty, water quality deterioration, riverbank erosion, and recurrent flooding are key factors undermining living standards and sustainable economic development in the ETMAP.

The Qing River is the primary water supply for Enshi and Lichuan and their surrounding rural populations. Since the 1990s, the water quality of the Qing River and its tributaries has deteriorated. Monitoring data show that water quality in 45% of all cross sections is class IV, V, or below, meaning it is unfit for human consumption. Water pollution is most serious in Enshi and Lichuan, resulting in odor and eutrophication. Continuing deterioration of the water quality poses a public health threat for local residents, who rely on the river for their water use. In addition, the degraded water environment threatens Qing River riparian and aquatic ecosystems, and limits opportunities for ecological diversity and tourism-related recreation.

The major sources of pollution are untreated domestic wastewater, unregulated runoff, and inadequately treated industrial effluent. As a result of prolonged underinvestment, wastewater collection and treatment facilities in Enshi and Lichuan are seriously deficient. Less than 60% of wastewater from Enshi and Lichuan is collected and treated because of the lack of treatment capacity, aging pipelines, and incomplete coverage of wastewater collection systems. This problem will become increasingly serious with economic development and rapid urbanization, as projected in the master plans for Enshi and Lichuan. Further, there are no facilities for collection and treatment of domestic wastewater and solid waste in rural areas along the Qing River and its tributaries.

Upstream of Enshi and Lichuan, the Qing River watershed is mountainous with high seasonal rainfall and rapid runoff. This, combined with inadequate flood management facilities, results in regular flooding. Following national flood management standards, flood management facilities in Enshi and Lichuan should provide protection against 20-year floods in the short term and 50-year floods in the long term. The existing facilities only provide protection against a maximum of 4-year floods. There are some revetments along the banks within Enshi and a mid-sized multipurpose reservoir on the upper Qing River. However, there are virtually no revetments or other flood control measures along the Qing River and its tributaries flowing through Lichuan. Since the 1950s, at least nine major floods have occurred, resulting in significant loss of lives and property. There has also been severe riverbank erosion as a result of high-intensity rainfall, loss of vegetation, and lack of revetment works. This has caused heavy siltation of the river and blockage in urban sections of the Qing River and its tributaries, which further exacerbates flood risk and water pollution.

Lack of integrated water resource management in the Qing River basin hinders a coordinated and effective response by planning, pollution control, and flood management authorities to improve water quality and reduce flooding. Weak interagency coordination and lack of monitoring and enforcement capacity have resulted in ineffective management of nonpoint source pollution from rural and urban sources. Important rural sources include discharges of domestic waste from unsewered rural households, agricultural runoff, animal waste discharges, and erosion of riverbanks during high-flow conditions. In urban areas, unregulated runoff along the riverbanks also contributes to nonpoint pollution, including garbage dumped along the riverbanks and inflow of wastewater due to leaks, clogging, and misalignment of wastewater pipes. While the river embankment is a critical flood management facility, proper maintenance of the banks would also help reduce nonpoint pollution.

Guided by both the national western region development strategy and the Hubei provincial 12th Five-Year Plan (2011 2015), the Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture Government (ETMAPG) is committed to reducing poverty, improving the water quality of Qing River, and advancing the ecological rehabilitation of the river and lakes. The ETMAP is covered under the Water Pollution Control Plan for the Three Gorges Reservoir Area and the Upper Reaches, which is one of the national priorities for water pollution control. The provincial government has formulated and approved the Qing River Basin Pollution Prevention and Control Master Plan (2010 2020) and the ETMAPG has prepared the Qing River Near-Term Flood Control Master Plan (2013 2015), which was approved in 2012 by the Ministry of Water Resources. To implement and complement components of these plans, the ETMAPG requested that the Asian Development Bank (ADB) provide financial and technical support for water quality improvement and flood management in Enshi and Lichuan.

With support from the central and provincial governments, the ETMAPG has taken the following steps to implement the master plans: (i) incorporate water quality improvement goals in performance evaluation of local governments; and (ii) implement more than 30 projects with a total investment of CNY8 billion for sewage network improvement, solid-waste management, nonpoint source pollution reduction, river rehabilitation, and soil erosion control in 2014.

The project is consistent with the priorities of ADB's country partnership strategy, 2011 2015 for the PRC; the comprehensive reform agenda announced at the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Communist Party of China Central Committee; the strategic priorities of ADB's Midterm Review of Strategy 2020, and the Water Operational Plan. Environmental sustainability is one of the three strategic pillars of the country partnership strategy. The comprehensive reform agenda announced at the third plenum emphasized the need for better environmental infrastructure and the strengthening of institutional development and environmental services at the local level.

Impact Environmental ecological sustainability in the upstream Qing river basin improved (Qing River Basin Pollution Prevention and Control Master Plan, 2010- 2020)

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome River health and flood management in the upper Qing river basin improved
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Flood management enhanced

Wastewater management improved

Water and environmental management integrated

Project management support and inclusive capacity development strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location

Safeguard Categories

Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects The project is classified as category A for environment and an environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental management plan (EMP) have been prepared following ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS, 2009). The EIA and EMP were disclosed on 26 November 2014. The project is expected to achieve environmental benefits including improved water quality of Qing River in the project area, reduced flood risk, increased wastewater treatment capacity, improved sewage coverage for about 40,000 households and improved water resources management capacity of ETMAPG. Potential environmental impacts are from the planned dredging and embankment, and construction- and operation- related disturbances. During EIA preparation, consultations were conducted with key stakeholders and the outcomes have been integrated into the project design. The ETMAPG, through the project management office (PMO), will be responsible for overall implementation and compliance with the EMP. The PMO and implementing agencies will be responsible for site-based implementation of the EMP. The PMO will have final responsibility for the implementation of the grievance redress mechanism to handle any disputes. The EIA concludes that the anticipated environmental impacts and risks can be mitigated through the implementation of the EMP.
Involuntary Resettlement The project is categorized as A for involuntary resettlement under ADB's SPS (2009). It will permanently acquire a total of 73.15 hectares of land; additional 145.28 hectares will be occupied temporarily. The project will demolish 12,778 square meters of housing. It will economically displace 5,431 people, with 1,645 to lose more than 10% of their agricultural productive assets and 143 to be physically displaced. The ETMAPG prepared two resettlement plans for Enshi and Lichuan, in line with ADB's SPS (2009), and related laws and regulations of Enshi and Lichuan, Hubei Province, and the PRC. The ETMAPG will fully finance CNY132.607 million of land acquisition and resettlement costs. The ADB loan will finance the costs for semiannual external resettlement monitoring and evaluation. The ETMAPG has experience in conducting land acquisition and resettlement for foreign-funded projects and has the capacity to implement the resettlement plans for this project. Implementation will be closely monitored by the PMO and PIUs.
Indigenous Peoples The project is categorized as B for indigenous peoples under ADB's SPS. ETMAP has an ethnically diverse population of 4.01 million; 45% Han, 46% Tujia, 6.5% Miao, and 2.5% other ethnic groups; the project area has similar levels of ethnic diversity. The ethnic minorities have socio-economic and livelihood systems similar to the mainstream population in terms of income, economic activities, education, and no language or other cultural barriers were identified. They will benefit equally from the project activities. To ensure the benefits are accrued by the ethnic minorities, an ethnic minority development plan was prepared and endorsed by ETMAPG.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services All consulting services will be engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).
Procurement All ADB-financed procurement for the project will be conducted in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time). A procurement agency will be hired to conduct procurement on behalf of the implementing agencies.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Yoshiaki Kobayashi
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
The People's Government of Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture
No. 223, Wu Yang Da Dao,
Enshi City,
Hubei Province, 445000

Timetable

Concept Clearance 09 Aug 2013
Fact Finding 17 Nov 2014 to 26 Nov 2014
MRM 12 Feb 2015
Approval 11 Sep 2015
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2016

Loan 3277-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
11 Sep 2015 03 Nov 2015 06 Jan 2016 31 Jan 2021 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 231.62 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 100.00 11 Sep 2015 0.06 0.00 0%
Counterpart 131.62 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 11 Sep 2015 0.00 0.00 0%

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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