China, People's Republic of: Hubei Enshi Qing River Upstream Environment Rehabilitation Project

Sovereign Project | 47048-002

Summary

Inadequate wastewater collection and treatment, extensive nonpoint source pollution, and recurrent flooding combine to undermine living standards in the urban and rural areas of Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (ETMAP) of Hubei Province in the People's Republic of China (PRC). The Hubei Enshi Qing River Upstream Environment Rehabilitation Project will address these and other concerns, leading to improvements in water environment and quality of life. The proposed project will support: (i) improved pollution control; (ii) enhanced flood management; (iii) improved capacity for water resource management; and (iv) project management support and capacity development.

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Project Name Hubei Enshi Qing River Upstream Environment Rehabilitation Project
Project Number 47048-002
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Hubei Enshi Qing River Upstream Environment Rehabilitation Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 100.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Rural sanitation - Water-based natural resources management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban flood protection - Urban sewerage
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description Inadequate wastewater collection and treatment, extensive nonpoint source pollution, and recurrent flooding combine to undermine living standards in the urban and rural areas of Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (ETMAP) of Hubei Province in the People's Republic of China (PRC). The Hubei Enshi Qing River Upstream Environment Rehabilitation Project will address these and other concerns, leading to improvements in water environment and quality of life. The proposed project will support: (i) improved pollution control; (ii) enhanced flood management; (iii) improved capacity for water resource management; and (iv) project management support and capacity development.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Located in the upstream of the Qing River, a major tributary of the Yangtze River, ETMAP has an ethnically diverse population of 4.01 million (45% Han, 46% Tujia, and 6.5% Miao). ETMAP's per capita income in 2012 was only CNY10,327, which is about half the provincial level; while poverty incidence is 40% in some rural areas. ETMAP includes two cities, Enshi and Lichuan, and six counties, all of which are designated as national level poverty areas.

The Qing River is the primary water supply for Lichuan and Enshi cities and their surrounding rural populations. Key water resource management issues include severe water pollution and flooding. In urban parts of Enshi and Lichuan cities, the river's water quality is Class IV, V andworse, the lowest categories for water quality in the PRC. The major sources of pollution are agricultural runoff, animal husbandry, and untreated domestic wastewater from urban and rural areas. Degradation of water quality poses a direct public health threat to residents who depend on the Qing River for drinking water, notably rural households. Wastewater collection and treatment facilities in Enshi and Lichuan cities are seriously deficient, with less than 30% of wastewater treated currently. In addition, the Qing River and its tributaries are prone to serious riverbank erosion and flooding. Enshi and Lichuan cities have experienced nine major flooding incidences since the 1950s. Following PRC's flood control standards, flood control infrastructure in Enshi and Lichuan cities should provide protection against 20-year floods in the near term. The existing facilities only provide protection against a maximum of 4-year floods.

To address problems of water pollution and flooding, the provincial government has formulated the Qing River Basin Pollution Prevention and Control Master Plan and the Enshi Qing River Flood Control Master Plan. Although some progress has been made in pollution control and flood protection, several fundamental problems remain unresolved due to inadequate resources of the local governments. To help implement components of the provincial 12th Five-Year Plan and the national and provincial master plans for pollution control and flood protection, the ETMAP Government has requested ADB to provide investment and technical assistance support for the Hubei Enshi Qing River Upstream Environment Rehabilitation Project. The proposed project has been included in ADB's 2015 lending pipeline for the PRC, as agreed by the ADB and PRC Government, during the country programming mission on 18 19 December 2012.

The proposed project is fully consistent with PRC's 12th Five-Year Plan and ADB's Country Partnership Strategy for the PRC by improving public health and quality of life through reducing pollution load and managing flood risks. ADB has been conducting many projects concerning water resources, wastewater, and flood management. Lessons learned from these projects will be reflected in the project design.

Impact Environmental ecological sustainability in the upstream Qing river basin improved (Qing River Basin Pollution Prevention and Control Master Plan, 2010- 2020)
Outcome River health and flood management in the upper Qing river basin improved
Outputs

Flood management enhanced

Wastewater management improved

Water and environmental management integrated

Project management support and inclusive capacity development strengthened

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project is classified as category A for environment and an environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental management plan (EMP) have been prepared following ADB s Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS, 2009). The EIA and EMP were disclosed on 26 November 2014. The project is expected to achieve environmental benefits including improved water quality of Qing River in the project area, reduced flood risk, increased wastewater treatment capacity, improved sewage coverage for about 40,000 households and improved water resources management capacity of ETMAPG. Potential environmental impacts are from the planned dredging and embankment, and construction- and operation- related disturbances. During EIA preparation, consultations were conducted with key stakeholders and the outcomes have been integrated into the project design. The ETMAPG, through the project management office (PMO), will be responsible for overall implementation and compliance with the EMP. The PMO and implementing agencies will be responsible for site-based implementation of the EMP. The PMO will have final responsibility for the implementation of the grievance redress mechanism to handle any disputes. The EIA concludes that the anticipated environmental impacts and risks can be mitigated through the implementation of the EMP.
Involuntary Resettlement The project is categorized as A for involuntary resettlement under ADB s SPS (2009). It will permanently acquire a total of 73.15 hectares of land; additional 145.28 hectares will be occupied temporarily. The project will demolish 12,778 square meters of housing. It will economically displace 5,431 people, with 1,645 to lose more than 10% of their agricultural productive assets and 143 to be physically displaced. The ETMAPG prepared two resettlement plans for Enshi and Lichuan, in line with ADB s SPS (2009), and related laws and regulations of Enshi and Lichuan, Hubei Province, and the PRC. The ETMAPG will fully finance CNY132.607 million of land acquisition and resettlement costs. The ADB loan will finance the costs for semiannual external resettlement monitoring and evaluation. The ETMAPG has experience in conducting land acquisition and resettlement for foreign-funded projects and has the capacity to implement the resettlement plans for this project. Implementation will be closely monitored by the PMO and PIUs.
Indigenous Peoples The project is categorized as B for indigenous peoples under ADB s SPS. ETMAP has an ethnically diverse population of 4.01 million; 45% Han, 46% Tujia, 6.5% Miao, and 2.5% other ethnic groups; the project area has similar levels of ethnic diversity. The ethnic minorities have socio-economic and livelihood systems similar to the mainstream population in terms of income, economic activities, education, and no language or other cultural barriers were identified. They will benefit equally from the project activities. To ensure the benefits are accrued by the ethnic minorities, an ethnic minority development plan was prepared and endorsed by ETMAPG.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consulting services will be engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).
Procurement All ADB-financed procurement for the project will be conducted in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time). A procurement agency will be hired to conduct procurement on behalf of the implementing agencies.
Responsible ADB Officer Fei Yu
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
The People's Government of ETMAPYu, Zhiqing, Section Chief, Development and Reform Commissionesyhxmb@163.comNo. 223, Wu Yang Da Dao, Enshi City, Hubei Province, 445000
Timetable
Concept Clearance 09 Aug 2013
Fact Finding 17 Nov 2014 to 26 Nov 2014
MRM 12 Feb 2015
Approval 11 Sep 2015
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 24 Mar 2015

Evaluation Documents

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