The project is classified as category A for environment. A project environmental impact assessment was drafted and disclosed on Asian Development Bank website on 12 May 2014. A revised draft of the environmental impact assessment was disclosed on 10 July 2014 and a reformatted version of the revised draft was disclosed on 15 October 2014. The environmental impact assessment complies with Asian Development Bank's policies and requirements including Asian Development Bank's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). The project will avoid 848,500 tons of standard coal, and will emit 60% less carbon dioxide, 82% less nitrogen oxides, negligible particulate matters, and 98% less sulfur dioxide compared with the existing heating supply.
The project identifies potential environmental adverse impacts. During construction, these would include (i) soil erosion; (ii) noise, vibration, and dust; (iii) solid waste, (iv) community disturbance and public safety; and (v) occupational health and safety. During operation, potential adverse impacts would be (i) pollutants emission from the heat sources, (ii) noise from the heat sources and the heat exchange stations, (iii) waste water, and (iv) occupational health and safety. The environmental impact assessment concludes that the construction and operation impacts can be mitigated through the implementation of an environmental management plan, which defines mitigation measures, monitoring requirements, and institutional responsibilities to ensure proper environmental management throughout the project construction and operation.
|During Project Design
Project information was communicated through public consultation, information disclosure mechanism in Asian Development Bank''s and government''s website, meetings, interviews, focus group discussions, and community consultation meetings, in accordance with Asian Development Bank''s requirements of information disclosure policy.
Two meaningful consultations with stakeholders have been conducted during feasibility study and environmental impact assessment in accordance with the People's Republic of China Interim Guideline on Public Consultation in Environmental Impact Assessment (2006) and Asian Development Bank''s Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). Representatives of 16 communities, 7 community clinics, 14 local government agencies and social institutions, 210 households, and 12 small boiler houses in the project area were consulted through meetings, focus group discussions, and household surveys. Generally, there is a high level of public support for heating service improvements, so the beneficiary communities were very supportive.
The project environmental impact assessment was disclosed at www.adb.org and on the website of the Hohhot City Development, Investment and Operation Company.