China, People's Republic of: Institutionalization of Urban-Rural Environmental Master Planning to Guide Environmentally Sustainable Urbanization in the PRC

Sovereign Project | 47061-001

Summary

The policy advisory technical assistance (TA) will study the institutionalization of Urban-Rural Environmental Master Planning (UREMP) in the People's Republic of China (PRC). UREMP will address key environmental issues and enable an environmentally sustainable model for the PRC's future urban development. UREMP is conceptualized as a required, legally binding instrument prior to and providing input for the development of land-use plans and urban master plans. UREMP will include urban-rural ecosystems analysis and landscape planning, and be prepared using domestic and international state-of-the-art methods. The Ministry of Environmental Protection of the PRC, the executing agency of the TA, has initiated a preliminary version of a management and technical support document for UREMP and this TA will build on and improve it into a technical and policy instrument that will suitably position UREMP within the PRC''s environmental and planning system.

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Project Name Institutionalization of Urban-Rural Environmental Master Planning to Guide Environmentally Sustainable Urbanization in the PRC
Project Number 47061-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8537-PRC: Institutionalization of Urban-Rural Environmental Master Planning to Guide Environmentally Sustainable Urbanization in the PRC
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 200,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Land-based natural resources management

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The policy advisory technical assistance (TA) will study the institutionalization of Urban-Rural Environmental Master Planning (UREMP) in the People's Republic of China (PRC). UREMP will address key environmental issues and enable an environmentally sustainable model for the PRC's future urban development. UREMP is conceptualized as a required, legally binding instrument prior to and providing input for the development of land-use plans and urban master plans. UREMP will include urban-rural ecosystems analysis and landscape planning, and be prepared using domestic and international state-of-the-art methods. The Ministry of Environmental Protection of the PRC, the executing agency of the TA, has initiated a preliminary version of a management and technical support document for UREMP and this TA will build on and improve it into a technical and policy instrument that will suitably position UREMP within the PRC''s environmental and planning system. Four main outputs will be produced during implementation of the TA: (i) best practices case studies and analysis of the PRC environmental planning and regulatory system, lessons learned, and recommendations for the PRC; (ii) technical guidebook; (iii) policy recommendations and outline for technical support structure including regulatory and legal framework and proposal for institutional arrangement; (iv) training and advisory support to three cities which will pilot implementation of UREMP. The expected impact of the TA will be improved ecosystems preservation and urban-rural planning processes contributing to a more environmentally sustainable urbanization and urban-rural ecosystems services in the PRC. The expected outcome will be policy recommendations for consideration to the PRC's 13th Five-Year Plan.

The key development issues to be addressed are:

(i) Environmental degradation limits further urban development. Air and water pollution, loss of natural habitat and functioning ecosystems due to rapid urbanization are constraining further urban development and a more sustainable model is needed.

(ii) Ignoring ecosystems services increases environmental risks. Cities are exposed to several environmental risks. Spatial planning and land-use change resulting from PRC urban expansion have not adequately considered the carrying capacities of environments and ecosystem functions and services. Optimal green spaces provide services including, (a) absorbing air and water pollutants, (b) cooling down temperatures in summer, and (c) retaining and absorbing stormwater, thus reducing flood risk and flood severity.

(iii) Current environmental planning system is unable to address all the needs. The current environmental planning system has not been able to solve some of the key spatial and structural planning challenges described above due to predominance of economic factors in planning.

(iv) To respond to this need, the MEP initiated a preliminary version of a management and technical support document for UREMP, and 24 cities in the PRC tested it. The outcome showed some encouraging results. However, significant weaknesses were revealed. The TA will build on and improve the preliminary version of UREMP technical and policy document, and support the MEP to test it in three pilot cities through training and advisory support.

(v) UREMP is conceptualized as a required, legally binding instrument providing input for the development of land-use plans and urban master plans. A UREMP will include urban-rural ecosystems analysis and landscape planning, and be prepared using domestic and international state of the art methods. The TA will build on the MEP's analysis and develop policy recommendations to suitably position UREMP within the PRC''s environmental and planning system.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) requested a policy and advisory technical assistance (TA) from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for the Institutionalization of Urban-Rural Environmental Master Planning (UREMP) to Guide Environmentally Sustainable Urbanization in the PRC. The TA which is included in the Country Operations and Business Plan as standby for 2013 is being processed as a firm 2013 small-scale policy and advisory technical assistance (S-PATA) upon request from the PRC''s Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP).
Impact Improved ecosystems preservation and urban-rural planning processes contributing to a more environmentally sustainable urbanization and urban-rural ecosystems services in the PRC
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Draft UREMP technical guidelines and policy recommendations considered by relevant line ministries and the 13th Five-Year Plan committee
Progress Toward Outcome The TA's completion date was extended from 30 September to 31 October 2015 to enable sufficient for the preparation of the technical guidebook, policy recommendations, and institutionalization for Urban-Rural Environmental Master Planning (UREMP) and enable a training workshop for pilot cities and ensuing support to prepare a UREMP and hold a final dissemination workshop in October 2015.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Technical guidebook for UREMP in the PRC

2. Policy recommendations for the institutionalization of UREMP

3. Training and advisory support to three pilot cities which will implement UREMP

4. Institutional capacity strengthened on UREMP technical methods and policies

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. Ongoing.

2. Ongoing.

3. Training to pilot cities not yet started. Final dissemination workshop in October 2015.

4. Government officials participated in the workshop. Preparation for the technical guidebook, policy recommendations, and institutionalizatino for Urban-Rural Environmental Master Planning (UREMP) are ongoing.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Following the reconnaissance mission of August 2013, ADB and the MEP reached an agreement on the impact, outcome, outputs, implementation arrangements, costs, and terms of reference for the S-PATA.
During Project Implementation Inclusion of other relevant line ministries of the PRC in the consultation process.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will require an estimated 24.5 person-months of international and national consulting services. The team will comprise: (i) an international urban-rural environmental specialist, (ii) a national environmental specialist (team leader), (iii) a national urban-rural ecosystems and landscape planner (deputy team leader), (iv) a national environmental policy specialist, (v) a national ecosystems analysis and mapping specialist, (vi) a national environmental management specialist, and (vii) a national environmental economist. The consultants will be engaged as individuals according to ADB''s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).
Procurement The proceeds of the TA will be disbursed in accordance with ADB''s Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Stefan Rau
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Environmental Protection115 Xizhimen Nanxiaojie, Beijing
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding 21 Aug 2013 to 22 Aug 2013
MRM -
Approval 02 Dec 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

TA 8537-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Dec 2013 - 02 Dec 2013 30 Sep 2015 31 Oct 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
200,000.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 02 Dec 2013 69,234.00

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