The Government of the People''s Republic of China (PRC) through the Office of the Mountain-River-Lake Development Committee of Jiangxi Province (MRLDO) requested capacity development technical assistance (TA) from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for Natural Disaster Risk Management in the Southern Mountain Area in Jiangxi. The TA was included in ADB''s country operations business plan, 2013 2015 for the PRC. A TA reconnaissance mission was conducted during 21 24 October 2013.
The impact of the TA will be reductions in disaster risks to sustainable development in the Gannan Mountain area. The outcome of the TA will be improved policies and increased local capacity in the Gannan Mountain area to manage disaster risk and adapt to climate change. The expected outputs of the TA will include the following: (i) natural disaster risk assessment of the Gannan Mountain area; (ii) an integrated DRM (IDRM) plan prepared for the Gannan Mountain area; and (iii) training and capacity development for IDRM in the Gannan Mountain area. The TA will specifically develop an IDRM policy brief as a knowledge product.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
The Twelfth Five-Year Plan of the Mountain-River-Lake Development Program lists disaster prevention and reduction in the drainage basin as a priority. The PRC has developed a comprehensive system of DRM, including prevention, reduction, preparation, relief, and reconstruction. However, DRM currently emphasizes generalities, strategies, and procedures rather than case studies, practical applications, and operations. DRM is very compartmentalized, with knowledge concentrated at the top levels of provincial and central government; and focused on institutional and/or organizational aspects of DRM and recovery following disasters. Disaster warnings from the central and/or provincial governments are transmitted through cell phone calls to specific individuals in the villages considered to be at risk. The MRLDO seeks to address these issues in part through (i) an expansion of community involvement in DRM, (ii) policy recommendations to improve DRM, and (iii) the development of specific technical solutions to reduce risks and mitigate the impacts of disasters on agriculture-based livelihoods in the Gannan Mountain area. The TA will provide a framework to identify and select effective, sustainable, and feasible actions to mitigate risks to local communities.
The TA will build on recommendations and lessons from previous experiences with the Deutsche Gesellschaft f r Internationale Zusammenarbeit, the ProVention Consortium, the United Nations, the PRC's early warning systems for agricultural freezing in Gannan, and ADB studies. Lessons include the importance of stakeholder participation in operationalization and disaster prevention, and the role of early warning in reducing economic losses. Preliminary experience with a pilot forest insurance initiative for natural risk mitigation in the ongoing Jiangxi Sustainable Forest Ecosystem Development Project will be used as a foundation for the assessment of potential disaster insurance. The TA will complement community activities piloted in one village in 2008 by the MRLDO. The pilot focused on increasing the capacity of farmers to acquire, understand, and apply meteorological information to disaster management. Activities included participatory rural appraisals, socioeconomic and environmental surveys, and capability building. In cooperation with the village council, an information transfer network was enhanced by setting up an information assistance group. The scope of the pilot was limited, but is nevertheless relevant. The policy and technical recommendations from this TA will be used by local communities, state-owned enterprises, farmers' cooperatives, and the private sector to reduce disaster risk; and will support decision making by the MRLDO. The findings may be used to develop a potential project proposal.