China, People's Republic of: Strengthening Capacity for Wetland Protection for Sanjiang Plain

Sovereign Project | 47075-001

Summary

The People's Republic of China''s (PRC) Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011 -2015) supports the long-term goal of building a harmonious and moderately prosperous (xiaokang) society through livelihood improvement, and regionally balanced and environmentally sustainable growth. ADB has been supporting projects on lakes and wetland protection in the PRC. ADB''s 2011- 2015 country partnership strategy (CPS) for the PRC supports the government's overarching strategic goal of building a xiaokang society by focusing on three strategic pillars: inclusive growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional cooperation and integration. The proposed TA is fully consistent with the PRC''s Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011- 2015) and ADB''s CPS for the PRC by promoting sustainable management of natural resources and protecting globally significant biodiversity in the Sanjiang Plain.

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Project Name Strengthening Capacity for Wetland Protection for Sanjiang Plain
Project Number 47075-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8541-PRC: Strengthening Capacity for Wetland Protection for Sanjiang Plain
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 200,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The People's Republic of China''s (PRC) Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011 -2015) supports the long-term goal of building a harmonious and moderately prosperous (xiaokang) society through livelihood improvement, and regionally balanced and environmentally sustainable growth. ADB has been supporting projects on lakes and wetland protection in the PRC. ADB''s 2011- 2015 country partnership strategy (CPS) for the PRC supports the government's overarching strategic goal of building a xiaokang society by focusing on three strategic pillars: inclusive growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional cooperation and integration. The proposed TA is fully consistent with the PRC''s Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011- 2015) and ADB''s CPS for the PRC by promoting sustainable management of natural resources and protecting globally significant biodiversity in the Sanjiang Plain.

The impact of the TA will be the improved management of natural resources to protect globally significant biodiversity in the Sanjiang Plain. Performance target and indicator for the impact is the conservation status of eight key globally threatened species in the Sanjiang Plain lifted from the lists of endangered-to-vulnerable species by 2020. The target will be confirmed during the TA fact-finding mission.

The outcome of the TA will be continuous implementation and expansion of the achievements of the Sanjiang Plain Wetlands Protection Project. Performance targets and indicators for the outcome are (i) wetland restoration program functioning in at least xx WNRs in the Sanjiang Plain by 2018, (ii) species recovery programs functioning in at least xx WNRs in the Sanjiang Plain by 2018, and (iii) alternative livelihood development projects implemented in at least 10 WNRs in the Sanjiang Plain by 2018. The targets will be confirmed during the TA fact-finding mission. The outputs of the TA will be (i) expansion of relevant HPG staff's capacities for wetlands protection developed under the Sanjiang Plain Wetlands Protection Project, and (ii) dissemination and sharing of the wetlands protection models and knowledge developed or accumulated in the Sanjiang Plain.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Sanjiang Plain wetlands in Heilongjiang Province are some of the most species-rich ecosystems in Asia. However, the wetlands and neighboring forestlands have shrunk to one fifth of their original size in the last 5 decades because of increasing population and crop production. Flora and fauna in wetland nature reserves are threatened by farmland encroachment and water resource exploitation.

An Asian Development Bank (ADB) loan for $15 million cofinanced by a Global Environment Facility (GEF) grant of $12.14 million for the Sanjiang Plain Wetlands Protection Project (the project) was approved in 2005. The project comprised five components: (i) watershed management, (ii) wetland nature reserve management, (iii) alternative livelihood programs, (iv) education and capacity building, and (v) project management. The executing agency was the Heilongjiang provincial government (HPG) represented by the Heilongjiang Provincial Forestry Department. The project was completed successfully in August 2012.

There were some achievements in the project. Some key gaps in and challenges to wetland reservation have been identified. To upscale some of the successes and tackle remaining challenges, the HPG requests ADB''s continuous support through a capacity development TA to (i) expand their wetland protection capacity developed under the project; (ii) disseminate the wetlands protection models developed under the project; (iii) share the knowledge accumulated under the project domestically and internationally; and (iv) monitor the benefits and impacts of the project, and collect information for possible scaling up of the project activities in a second phase investment.

Impact Improved management of natural resources to protect globally significant biodiversity in Sanjiang Plain
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Capacity established for continued implementation and expansion of the achievements of the Sanjiang Plain Wetlands Protection Project
Progress Toward Outcome Consulting services commenced in July 2014. The consultants have conducted capacity development activities and prepared draft knowledge product.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Expansion of relevant Heilongjiang provincial government staff''s capacities for wetland protection developed under the Sanjiang Plain Wetlands Protection Project

2. Expansion and dissemination of wetland protection models developed under the Sanjiang Plain Wetlands Protection Project and sharing of knowledge developed or accumulated for Sanjiang Plain

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

During the inception workshop held in Harbin on 27 November 2014, many valuable lessons were shared, suggestions were made to improve and strengthen management of nature reserves, and knowledge of about 40 participants was enriched.

Draft knowledge product was sent to ADB and government.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholders were consulted during the design.
During Project Implementation The technical assistance will be implemented in close consultation with stakeholders.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will be carried out by a team of consultants engaged through a consulting firm. A total of 13.0 person-months (pm) of international and 19.5 pm of national consulting services will be required. The consultants will be selected and engaged by ADB following the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The consulting firm will be selected by (i) inviting simplified technical proposals; and (ii) using the quality- and cost-based selection method, with a quality cost ratio of 80:20. Disbursements under the TA will be undertaken in line with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).
Procurement The office equipment provided under the TA for the consultants will be procured following ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time), and will be handed over to the HPG upon TA completion.
Responsible ADB Officer Yoshiaki Kobayashi
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Heilongjiang Provincial GovernmentPeople's Republic of China
Timetable
Concept Clearance 15 Aug 2013
Fact Finding 09 Aug 2013 to 15 Aug 2013
MRM -
Approval 05 Dec 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 20 Mar 2015

TA 8541-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
05 Dec 2013 02 Jan 2014 02 Jan 2014 11 Jun 2015 16 Mar 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
200,000.00 0.00 125,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 325,000.00 05 Dec 2013 255,030.00
Title Document Type Document Date
Strengthening Capacity for Wetland Protection for Sanjiang Plain Technical Assistance Reports Dec 2013

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