Regional: Mitigation of Hazardous Waste Contamination in Urban Areas: Supporting Inclusive Growth

Sovereign Project | 47144-001

Summary

The proposed regional capacity development technical assistance (TA) will assist both concerned government agencies and communities affected by industrial pollution in Indonesia and the Philippines to help improve the quality of life of communities, and small and medium industries located in urban areas handling and disposing toxic byproducts or hazardous waste. The TA will focus on building the technical and administrative capacity of governments and communities on environmental management to address the sources of hazardous waste contamination from small and medium industries, particularly "informal" gold and lead smelting, battery recycling, and leather tanneries. The TA will be piloted in two urban areas with formal and informal industrial zones, and where the improper handling and disposal of toxic byproducts and solid and liquid hazardous wastes is causing the heavy contamination of soil and water resources, and degradation of ambient air quality.

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Project Name Mitigation of Hazardous Waste Contamination in Urban Areas: Supporting Inclusive Growth
Project Number 47144-001
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8458-REG: Mitigation of Hazardous Waste Contamination in Urban Areas: Supporting Inclusive Growth
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 1.50 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Health - Disease control of communicable disease - Health system development
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban hazardous waste management - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The proposed regional capacity development technical assistance (TA) will assist both concerned government agencies and communities affected by industrial pollution in Indonesia and the Philippines to help improve the quality of life of communities, and small and medium industries located in urban areas handling and disposing toxic byproducts or hazardous waste. The TA will focus on building the technical and administrative capacity of governments and communities on environmental management to address the sources of hazardous waste contamination from small and medium industries, particularly "informal" gold and lead smelting, battery recycling, and leather tanneries. The TA will be piloted in two urban areas with formal and informal industrial zones, and where the improper handling and disposal of toxic byproducts and solid and liquid hazardous wastes is causing the heavy contamination of soil and water resources, and degradation of ambient air quality. Letters of request were received by ADB from the respective governments through Indonesia's Ministry of Environment (MOE) and the Philippines' DENR for Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR) assistance to help in piloting activities on mitigating the causes of public health and other social impacts and issues of industrial pollutions by gold smelting, tanneries and lead battery recycling in selected urban areas. Besides the letters of request, the political willingness of the two countries to take on the issues related to hazardous waste contamination, and the concept of piloting this kind of urban environmental initiative in a metropolitan setting made it suitable for the TA to be implemented in the two countries.

This TA will also contribute in addressing climate change issues as it will also help develop anti-pollution devices for smoke-emissions from legal small-scale smelting operations. This may also help reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) released from smelting operations if up-scaled to cover a wider geographic scope. This expected scaling up will be a climate change mitigation initiative that will also help reduce the vulnerability of communities to climate change impacts as the possibility of surface run-offs on (and possibly erosion of) contaminated soil in areas near river systems would be avoided. Therefore the risk of contaminated water and silt/soil running down to communities downstream of river systems would be avoided.

The specific pilot locations for the TA are: the districts of Bogor and Tegal in the Greater Jakarta Area, Indonesia, and the municipalities of Marilao, Meycauayan, and Obando in the Province of Bulacan in the Philippines which is part of the Metropolitan Manila Bay Region.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The TA's impact is improved environmental management and community development capacities in selected locations and other activities to achieve inclusive growth. The outcome will be created awareness and increased knowledge and institutional capacities among governments (local and central), communities, and private sector stakeholders to mitigate hazardous waste contamination.
Impact Improved environmental management and community development capacities in selected locations in Indonesia and the Philippines.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Created awareness and increased knowledge and institutional capacities in pilot locations and affected stakeholders on how to mitigate hazardous waste contamination.
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Capacity assessment and awareness creation activities conducted in project cities and towns

2. Strategy and action plan formulated

3. Community development and institutional strengthening training programs and mechanisms established and implemented

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Requests were received by the ADB from the respective governments through Indonesia's Ministry of Environment (MOE) and the Philippines' Department of Environment and natural Resources (DENR) for Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR) assistance to help in piloting activities on mitigating the causes of public health and other social impacts and issues of industrial pollutions by gold smelting, tanneries and lead battery recycling in selected urban areas. The reconnaissance mission conducted by ADB from 20 February to 8 March 2013 involved discussions with representatives and officials from the Embassies of Japan and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) offices in Jakarta and Manila, the MOE and State Ministry of National Development Planning in Jakarta, the DENR and the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) in Manila, and the stakeholders from the proposed project sites which included NGOs, and community and local government representatives. All the government agencies and organizations met during the mission expressed their full support to the project, and concurred with the project design.
During Project Implementation

The TA will be implemented over 14 months. ADB will be the TA's executing agency (EA) with the Urban Development and Water Division, Southeast Asia Department as the focal and supported by the Sustainable Infrastructure Division, Regional and Sustainable Development Department. The implementing agencies (IA) in the two countries are:

(i) Indonesia Office of Hazardous Waste, Hazardous Substance, and Solid Waste Management, Ministry of Environment.

(ii) Philippines Foreign Assisted and Special Project Office (with support from the Environmental Management Bureau), Department of Environment and Natural Resources.

The specific pilot locations for the TA are: the districts of Bogor and Tegal in the Greater Jakarta Area, Indonesia, and the municipalities of Marilao, Meycauayan, and Obando in the Province of Bulacan in the Philippines which is part of the Metropolitan Manila Bay Region.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The capacity development technical assistance (TA) will require the services of a consulting firm with a team of experts with experience and track record in industrial pollution, urban and community development, and project management. A total of 126 person-months of consulting services will be engaged by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for this TA. A team of international and national consultants will be engaged by ADB to provide a total of 114 person-months of consulting services. The international team of experts will be based either in Manila or Jakarta with intermittent travels in between. In addition to the 114 person months, individual consultants will also be recruited to provide project support within ADB (8 person-months for a national consultant), and to prepare the guidebook on industrial pollution mitigation for small and medium-sized enterprises (2 person-months for an international consultant and 2 person-months for a national consultant).
Procurement The consultant selection process shall be executed in compliance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by ADB and its Borrowers (2010, amended from time to time). The consulting firms will be recruited using the QCBS method with a technical-financial ratio of 90:10. Individual consultants will be selected through individual consultant selection method. The consultants, their key tasks to be performed, and deliverables are listed below.
Responsible ADB Officer Javier Coloma Brotons
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 17 Jun 2013
Fact Finding 17 Jun 2013 to 04 Jul 2013
MRM -
Approval 17 Sep 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 26 Jun 2013

TA 8458-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Sep 2013 - 17 Sep 2013 31 Dec 2015 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 1,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,500,000.00 17 Sep 2013 230,080.00

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