Myanmar: Irrigation Command Area Development Project

Sovereign Project | 47152-002

Summary

The Central Dry Zone (CDZ) region, straddling large parts of Mandalay, Magway and lower Sagaing divisions, is one of the most food insecure, water-stressed, climate sensitive and natural resource poor regions in Myanmar. The CDZ region has the second highest population density in Myanmar but remains one of the least developed. Access and availability of water resources are key determinants of rural poverty with livelihoods largely dependent on the southwest monsoon. Principal crops in the CDZ consist of oil seeds and legumes, chillies, and vegetables grown as rainfed, upland crops during the wet season. Rice cultivation depends on irrigation, even during the monsoon season. Seasonal water shortages caused by low and erratic annual rainfall patterns and sandy and fragile soils that are at high risk of water and wind erosion limit paddy rice cultivation, render rainfed agriculture a high risk endeavor, and contribute to low agricultural production.

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Project Name Irrigation Command Area Development Project
Project Number 47152-002
Country Myanmar
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Irrigation Command Area Development Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 75.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural drainage - Irrigation - Rural flood protection
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The Central Dry Zone (CDZ) region, straddling large parts of Mandalay, Magway and lower Sagaing divisions, is one of the most food insecure, water-stressed, climate sensitive and natural resource poor regions in Myanmar. The CDZ region has the second highest population density in Myanmar but remains one of the least developed. Access and availability of water resources are key determinants of rural poverty with livelihoods largely dependent on the southwest monsoon. Principal crops in the CDZ consist of oil seeds and legumes, chillies, and vegetables grown as rainfed, upland crops during the wet season. Rice cultivation depends on irrigation, even during the monsoon season. Seasonal water shortages caused by low and erratic annual rainfall patterns and sandy and fragile soils that are at high risk of water and wind erosion limit paddy rice cultivation, render rainfed agriculture a high risk endeavor, and contribute to low agricultural production. Under such uncertain climatic and rainfall conditions, the provision of functional canal irrigation systems is critical to safeguarding crops.

The Government has prioritized irrigation investments to enhance agricultural production and improve water utilization constructing over 233 dams and weirs, 327 pumping stations, and 8,032 tube wells, focused primarily in the CDZ. Many of these irrigation schemes were built before the 1980s and have operated for 30 years. These schemes need to be rehabilitated, redesigned and upgraded to meet changing demands and uses. The proposed Irrigation Command Area Development Project (the project) will result in increased agricultural productivity and incomes through the provision and improved management of irrigated agriculture in the CDZ region. The project will rehabilitate and modernize irrigation infrastructure in the CDZ and strengthen institutional capacities for improved irrigation management from the national level down to irrigation water user groups (WUGs) at the farm level.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The project is aligned with the government priorities on food security and agricultural growth articulated in Myanmar's Framework for Economic and Social Reforms', in particular, the emphasis on (i) rural infrastructure, including small and medium scale irrigation systems and (ii) broader development of the rural sector through community-based development schemes and cash for work' rural works programs. The ADB's Interim Country Partnership Strategy (2012 2014) for Myanmar, aligned with ADB's Water Operational Plan 2011-2020, emphasizes increasing agricultural productivity, and creating access and connectivity for rural livelihoods and infrastructure development as key program areas.
Impact Improved household incomes in the project areas
Outcome Improved agricultural production in the project areas
Outputs

1. Irrigation infrastructure rehabilitation and development

2. Improved irrigation management and service delivery

3. Agricultural support for increasing productivity

4. Project management support and capacity development

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Environment impacts will not be significant since the project will only involve rehabilitation, tertiary and on-farm irrigation system development. Indigenous peoples concerns will be confirmed and addressed. The PPTA will conduct due diligence and prepare safeguard requirements compliant with ADB s Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).
Involuntary Resettlement There is a probability of land acquisition in irrigation infrastructure rehabilitation and development (including tertiary canals, land consolidation, rural roads and agricultural processing facilities, if any) in subprojects. The PPTA will identify the impacts of resettlement on civil works and prepare resettlement plan.
Indigenous Peoples The PPTA will identify whether indigenous people affected will be or not in each subproject.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design During implementation of the PPTA, consultation with the beneficiaries on the project design in participatory manner will be condulcted.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

All consulting services required for capacity development and project management support will be engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The PPTA consultants will be recruited from a firm selected using QCBS method at a ratio of 80:20 based on full technical proposals.

A total of 94.0 person-months (pm) of consulting services (consisting of 24.0 pm of international and 70.0 pm of national input) will be required for project preparation. The consulting services will be recruited from a firm selected using QCBS method at a ratio of 80:20 based on a full technical proposal. The consultants will be recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).

Procurement All procurement to be financed under the loan will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time). Very few qualified local consultants and private contractors presently exist in Myanmar to design and implement irrigation facilities as MOAI and other government agencies traditionally construct civil works using force account procedures based on standard designs and technical specifications. Procurement methods will be confirmed during the PPTA, especially the use of force account, and community based participation procedures.
Responsible ADB Officer Pavit Ramachandran
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Irrigation DepartmentMinistry of Agriculture & Forest
9/12 Strand, Kambe Road, Yankin
Yangon, Union of Myanmar
Timetable
Concept Clearance 09 Jan 2014
Fact Finding 29 Oct 2015 to 06 Nov 2015
MRM 25 Jan 2016
Approval 25 May 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

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Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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