Myanmar: Design of e-Governance Master Plan and Review of Information and Communication Technology Capacity in Academic Institutions.

Sovereign Project | 47158-001

Summary

1. The outlook for Myanmar's economy is positive, bolstered by expected strong export earnings from resource based commodities and an increase in foreign direct investment. ADB forecasts the country's gross domestic product to grow from about 6.3% in 2012 to about 6.5% in 2013 and 6.7% in 2014. Myanmar has recently opened its engagement with rest of the world. Therefore, many sectors of the economy need revival and upgrade to adopt the globalization requirements to bring inclusive and environmentally sustainable growth. This requires enhancing e-Governance delivery and capacity for supporting systemic institution building activities in core economic sectors.

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Project Name Design of e-Governance Master Plan and Review of Information and Communication Technology Capacity in Academic Institutions.
Project Number 47158-001
Country Myanmar
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8398-MYA: Design of e-Governance Master Plan and Review of Information and Communication Technology Capacity in Academic Institutions
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
People's Republic of China (project-specific) US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Education - Tertiary
Information and communication technology - ICT industries and ICT-enabled services
Public sector management - Economic affairs management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

1. The outlook for Myanmar's economy is positive, bolstered by expected strong export earnings from resource based commodities and an increase in foreign direct investment. ADB forecasts the country's gross domestic product to grow from about 6.3% in 2012 to about 6.5% in 2013 and 6.7% in 2014. Myanmar has recently opened its engagement with rest of the world. Therefore, many sectors of the economy need revival and upgrade to adopt the globalization requirements to bring inclusive and environmentally sustainable growth. This requires enhancing e-Governance delivery and capacity for supporting systemic institution building activities in core economic sectors.

2. In its efforts to improve public service delivery, the Government has focused on streamlining administrative processes and eliminating red tape. Usage of e-Governance is expected to play a significant role in this effort. In this regard, the Government has established an inter-ministerial task force for public services performance appraisal headed by a senior minister in the President's office and including representation at the deputy minister level from a range of key ministries. While the initiative will eventually be government-wide, it is initially focusing on key areas impacting the economy such as trade, investment, electricity, and telecommunications.

3. One of the key issues facing the Government as it seeks to introduce ICT systems to help strengthen performance of public services is the lack of a coherent and systematic approach to the design, evaluation, and adoption of such systems. This presents a real risk that government agencies will adopt systems on an ad-hoc basis; and that such systems may prove inappropriate from a needs as well as cost perspective and incompatible in terms of being able to effectively share information with systems in other agencies. This issue is particularly acute at the moment as many development partners are offering support for ICT systems to line ministries who have in turn expressed an urgent need for such help.

4. A common framework is needed to guide the design, evaluation, and adoption of these systems in order ensure their cost-effectiveness, interoperability, appropriateness; and allow them to effectively support the government's reform efforts. Therefore, such ICT solutions will have to be undertaken comprehensively by way of developing an e-Governance master plan, identifying and satisfying demand systematically.

5. Parallel to this, review of ICT capacity in institutions of higher learning in the country for providing supply of skilled human resources to nurture and support e-Governance initiatives is essential. The strengthening of ICT capacity in institutions of higher learning is essential to sustain efforts on e-Governance. In fact, this is an integral part of an e-Governance master plan. The role of higher education in ICT discipline in the development of e-Governance system is imperative. The maturity of higher education in ICT discipline in the country is an indicator of the degree of prevalence of supporting environment for sustaining e-Governance initiatives. Typically this requires the uses of ICT educational assets, research in ICT, and the fostering of innovation in the implementation of an e-Governance program.

6. Higher learning institutions in Myanmar require significant digital accessibility and introduction of cost effective techniques to be current with ICT industry requirements. Therefore, institutional strengthening activities require a blend of capacity development activities as well as demonstration initiatives, such as exploring white space technology, e-library, e-learning, etc. Hence, the e-Governance approach encompasses the big picture development of e-Governance program for the country including strengthening the supply side through review of ICT capacity institutions of higher learning.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Impact Enhanced service delivery capacity and efficient public management of the public services in the country
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Adoption of an integrated approach in implementing government applications and online services to achieve enhanced capacity for public service delivery
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Design of e-Governance Master plan and action items

Develop sustainability action plan for ICT capacity enhancements in the identified ICT academic institutions

Develop at least one demonstration initiative and knowledge transfer in one ICT academic institution

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Arun Ramamurthy
Responsible ADB Department SDCC
Responsible ADB Division SDGG
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Science and TechnologyOffice No. 21,Naypyitaw, Myanmar
Ministry of Communications &Information TechnologyOffice Building No. 2,Naypyitaw, Myanmar
Timetable
Concept Clearance 23 Apr 2013
Fact Finding 06 May 2013 to 16 May 2013
MRM -
Approval 04 Jul 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 23 Apr 2013

TA 8398-MYA

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Jul 2013 16 Aug 2013 16 Aug 2013 31 Aug 2014 30 Aug 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 500,000.00 25,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,025,000.00 04 Jul 2013 1,227,955.84

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