Sri Lanka: Southern Road Connectivity Project

Sovereign Project | 47182-001

Summary

The proposed project will improve the efficiency of road transport in the south region of Sri Lanka to handle the fast-growing travel demand incurred by the economic and social activities. The Road Project Preparatory Facility (RPPF) is being used to prepare the feasibility study and detail design for improvement of project roads. In order to address the bottlenecks of national road network in south region, including Southern Province and Western Province, the project will (i) improve about 55 kilometers (km) of key national highways providing access to the expressway network, and (ii) prepare a long-term plan for expressway connectivity improvement.

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Consulting Notices

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Procurement Notices

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Procurement Documents

Title Document Date
Southern Road Connectivity Project Feb 2014

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Project Name Southern Road Connectivity Project
Project Number 47182-001
Country Sri Lanka
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3027-SRI: Southern Road Connectivity Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 70.00 million
Loan 3028-SRI: Southern Road Connectivity Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 5.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The proposed project will improve the efficiency of road transport in the south region of Sri Lanka to handle the fast-growing travel demand incurred by the economic and social activities. The Road Project Preparatory Facility (RPPF) is being used to prepare the feasibility study and detail design for improvement of project roads. In order to address the bottlenecks of national road network in south region, including Southern Province and Western Province, the project will (i) improve about 55 kilometers (km) of key national highways providing access to the expressway network, and (ii) prepare a long-term plan for expressway connectivity improvement.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

After the end of its 3-decade civil conflict in May 2009, Sri Lanka achieved an over-8.0% growth of the economy in both 2010 and 2011. The growth slowed to 6.4% in 2012 on weak external demand, drought, and floods, but is expected to edge up in 2013 and 2014. Sri Lanka's strategic location at the crossroads of regional maritime trading routes has contributed to its growth as a trading center. In 2011, the transport sector contributed 12 percent to the country's GDP, compared to 7.9% in 2005. With the function of international hubs being developed in Colombo and Hambantota, the country's future sustainable growth demands an integrated inland transport system to efficiently move people and.

The current inland transport system is dominated by the road network. Road transport now accounts for 95% of passenger-km and 98% of freight ton-km. With a comprehensive road network comprising about 96 km of expressway, 11,922 km of national roads, 15,975 km of provincial roads, and 80,000km of local roads, the country's population and centers of economic activity are well covered. The average vehicle ownership rate (VOR) for Sri Lanka is estimated at about 152 vehicles per 1000 persons in 2011 after an average growth of 11.4% since 2007. It is estimated that to maintain the current levels of transport services, road capacity would need to be doubled every 8-10 years.

The government envisages the Western Province as a regional center hub and the Southern Province as a strategic area complementary to the Western Province on the international trade corridor with its rich natural and human resources. Western Province drives the performance of country economy with a contribution of over 45% of national gross domestic product in 2010. It is also is the most densely populated province in Sri Lanka and has the highest VOR. The Southern Province, with the second highest VOR of the country, is closely integrated with Western Province through the physical and economic connection improved in the last two decades.

The most significant accomplishment of transport sector in connecting the two provinces is the opening of Southern Expressway on 27th November 2011. The Southern Transport Development Project laid the foundations for modernizing the country's transport sector by completing a 96 km expressway, the first of its kind in Sri Lanka. After the road was open, the travel time between Kottawa and Galle is reduced from 5 hours to 1.5 hour. The Southern Expressway is the first major milestone achieved by the government on its way to establish a trunk road network comprising well-connected expressways and national roads. Besides the Southern Expressway, three projects are ongoing to develop the expressway network and all in south region, including (i) Outer Circular Highway, (ii) Colombo-Katunayaka Expressway, and (iii) Pinnaduwa-Gagodama Expressway. In a long term, the government plans to gradually extend the expressway network towards the north and east regions.

Despite the success of Southern Expressway, a number of challenges are emerging on the road transport system in south region, including (i) the low capacity of national highways linking the expressway network, particularly in the Western Province, (ii) the poor condition of national highways, and (iii) the lack of a long-term program for system-wide connectivity improvement. The access routes in Western Province to the Southern Expressway are usually congested. The roads connecting to the interchanges do not have the capacity to absorb and distribute the expressway traffic throughput. To address the expressway connectivity challenge, the flow of passengers and freight need to be facilitated in an efficient and cost-effective manner. This requires immediate actions on two prongs, (i) improving the capacity and condition of the access routes connecting the expressway network, and (ii) preparing a long-term connectivity improvement plan including expressway extensions, national highway improvement, traffic management, and public transport systems. To implement the actions, the Government of Sri Lanka requested ADB to provide loans to finance the proposed Southern Road Connectivity Project through an official letter on 19 April 2013.

ADB and the government agreed in the country partnership strategy 2012-2016 that ADB's assistance in transport sector will contribute to the sector outcome: improved nationwide connectivity for the movement of people and goods. To achieve the sector outcome, ADB is financing four road projects but most of them in the north and east regions. The proposed project, although not included in the current country operations business plan, will compliment the ongoing projects in supporting the sector outcome. Furthermore, its objective is fully in line with the government's sector strategy: establishing a modern transport system that will enable acceleration of economic growth, with reduced travel time, cost, and improved safety. A project loan is considered as the appropriate financing modality because of the clearly defined project scope and the required loan amount.

Impact Efficient road transport in the southern region
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved road connectivity between the expressway network and the local transport network in south region
Progress Toward Outcome Major procurement activities for recruitment of consultants and first civil works package are almost completed. Consultants for ECIP commenced services and submitted its Inception Report.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Improved capacity of national highways linking the expressway network in the southern region

Enhanced capacity of RDA in planning expressway connectivity improvement and in ensuring implementation readiness

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

ADB approved award of contract for civil works package CP01 and project implementation consultant.

Consultant responsible for screening & programming, feasibility study and detailed engineering design of national highways linking the express network was mobilized on Nov 2014.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

The project scope includes improvement of existing roads to two-lane or four-lane standard. The roads are located in urban, suburban, and agricultural areas for most of their lengths with minimal forests or natural habitat areas. None fall within protected or environmentally sensitive areas. The project is therefore classified category B in accordance with the ADB Safeguard Policy Statement. Road-specific initial environmental examination reports, including environmental management plans, have been prepared and disclosed on the ADB website. Anticipated impacts under the project, which are mostly restricted to the construction stage, comprise typical impacts associated with road construction, such as generation of dust, noise, and construction waste; temporary disruption of traffic; soil erosion from exposed surfaces; siltation of water bodies; and drainage issues. These can be managed by adopting suitable mitigation measures described in the initial environmental examination and road-specific environmental management plans and monitored through the environmental monitoring plan. Both environmental management and monitoring plans, along with specific clearance requirements of the Central Environmental Authority for each road, will be included into the bidding documents for civil works. Local communities and relevant stakeholders have been consulted during project preparation, and a grievance redress mechanism has been established to address concerns during project implementation. Financial and human resources necessary for redressing grievances will be covered under the project.

The project management units under RDA are responsible for ensuring proper implementation of the environmental management and monitoring plans. The Environmental and Social Division under RDA will provide technical guidance and support to the project management unit in monitoring environmental compliance by the contractors. Additional support for day-to-day, site-level monitoring and reporting will be provided by the supervision consultant's team, which includes an environmental specialist. Any updates to the environmental management plan (if required) will be made by the environmental specialist under the supervision consultants and reviewed and approved by the Environmental and Social Division. Annual environmental monitoring reports will be prepared and submitted to ADB for disclosure on the ADB website in accordance with the ADB Safeguard Policy Statement. An initial coordination cum training workshop will be organized by the project management units with technical support from the Environmental and Social Division. This will be conducted for the contractors and supervision consultants before commencing construction works in order to agree on modalities for implementing the environmental management and monitoring plans and to carry out necessary monitoring and reporting activities.

Involuntary Resettlement The project is categorized as category A in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). All five project roads will be widened, which will create significant impact. Due to the linear nature of that impact, the majority of affected households will lose not more than 10% of their productive assets. Some commercial structures will need to be demolished since various stretches of the project roads traverse urban areas. Impact has been mitigated where possible by reducing the width of the shoulder. Three resettlement plans have been prepared for anticipated land acquisitions, and two due diligence processes regarding land acquisition have been undertaken to verify previous acquisitions by the government. All these have been completed in accordance with government regulations. For the three roads requiring land acquisition, it is estimated that 2,188 households including 9,641 persons will be affected. About 488 households comprising approximately 2,150 persons will experience significant impact. Assistance will be in place to restore livelihoods to the same or better conditions compared with livelihood conditions at the pre-project level. For the two roads where the government has already acquired land, due diligence identified 15 households due interest payments. The government has allocated funds and these payments will be made prior to project approval. Civil works may proceed after compensation and assistance have been fully paid. Resettlement plans were prepared and disclosed on ADB website in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009), the Government of Sri Lanka's Land Acquisition Act of 1950, and the National Involuntary Resettlement Policy introduced in 2001. The project management unit has an experienced team implementing the resettlement plans and will be supported by the RDA's Environment and Social Division.
Indigenous Peoples

The project is not expected to have impacts on indigenous peoples and is therefore designated Category C. Based on the poverty and social assessment, there are no indigenous people or communities present in the project influence area. Communities affected by the subprojects will be Sinhalese, Muslims, and Tamil. Therefore, no indigenous peoples plan or indigenous people development framework has been prepared. However, special provisions have been made under the RPs to address indigenous people impacts.

In case of any adverse impacts if identified during implementation of the subproject on indigenous people, the RDA will ensure that the Indigenous peoples plan (IPP) is prepared in accordance with the Safeguard Policy Statement 2009 and the same is further approved by ADB before award of related civil works contract and implemented before commencement of the relevant section of the civil works contract as applicable. Any update of IPP during implementation shall follow requirements similar to the RPs as described for involuntary resettlement.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Poor and excluded affected persons impacted by land acquisition are consulted and surveyed. Additional assistance and provisions such as livelihood rehabilitation have been outlined in Resettlement Plans.
During Project Implementation

Once a year, RDA will hold one-day workshop to share information on project progress, issues, lessons learned, and performance improvement measures if appropriate. Representation will include members of the national steering committee and provincial coordinating committee.

Various information regarding the Project, including scope, general progress status, beneficiaries, invitation for bid, and consultant recruitment notices, will be provided to the general public. The information will be made available and updated through the official websites of RDA.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

All consultants will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The terms of reference for all consulting services are detailed in the Project Administration Manual.

To facilitate project management and implementation, an international firm, as project implementation consultants (PIC) will be recruited. The PIC will assume the role of the "Engineer" and will supervise respective civil works and provide on-the-job training to counterpart staff. An estimated 662 person-months (54 international, 608 national) of consulting services are required. The consulting firm will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method with a weighting of 90% technical and 10% financial as the nature of the assignment requires priority consideration for quality.

To develop the expressway connectivity improvement plan (ECIP), an international firm will be recruited. An estimated 297 person-months (58 international, 239 national) of consulting services are required. The consulting firm will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method with a weighting of 90% technical and 10% financial as the nature of the assignment requires priority consideration for quality.

In addition to the development of the ECIP, a study will be conducted to connect the Battaramulla Link with the new Kelany Bridge and the Port Acess Link as part of the expressway connectivity program for Colombo Metropolitan area (e-connect). For this study, three individual consultants were engaged, namely: (i) transport planner, (ii) highway engineer, and (iii) bridge and structure engineer. The total consultants' inputs will be nine (9) person-months.

Procurement

All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time).

The government will inform ADB on the changes made to the national procurement regulations if any and carry out a joint review of the NCB Annex if necessary. The procurement plan should be updated whenever change in the procurement arrangements and/or the NCB Annex is required and agreed.

An 18-month procurement plan indicating threshold and review procedures, goods, works, and consulting service contract packages and national competitive bidding guidelines is in Procurement Plan.

Responsible ADB Officer Andrew C. Gutierrez
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Hways, Higher Educ & Investment Promo(National Road Safety Secretariat)
Sethsiripaya Office Complex
P.O. Box 53, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka
Timetable
Concept Clearance 29 May 2013
Fact Finding 06 May 2013 to 10 May 2013
MRM 26 Jun 2013
Approval 23 Sep 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 17 Mar 2015

Loan 3027-SRI

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2013 27 May 2014 22 Aug 2014 30 Jun 2019 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 95.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 70.00 23 Sep 2013 13.69 0.00 20%
Counterpart 25.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2013 3.26 0.00 5%

Loan 3028-SRI

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2013 27 May 2014 22 Aug 2014 30 Jun 2019 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 5.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 5.00 23 Sep 2013 3.77 0.00 81%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2013 1.02 0.00 22%
Title Document Type Document Date
Southern Road Connectivity Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (27 May-31 December 2014) Audited Project Financial Statements Jul 2015
Southern Road Connectivity Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (22 August-31 December 2014) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2015
Project Agreement for Southern Road Connectivity Project Project/Program Agreement May 2014
Loan Agreement for Southern Road Connectivity Project Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) May 2014
Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for Southern Road Connectivity Project Loan Agreement (Special Operations) May 2014
Southern Road Connectivity Project: Project Data Sheet (Sinhala Translation) Translated PDS Mar 2014
Southern Road Connectivity Project Procurement Plans Feb 2014
Southern Road Connectivity Project: Project Data Sheet (Tamil Translation) Translated PDS Sep 2013
Southern Road Connectivity Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Aug 2013
Southern Road Connectivity Project: Gender Action Plan Gender Action Plans Aug 2013
Southern Road Connectivity Project Project/Program Administration Manual Jul 2013
Southern Road Connectivity Project Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Jun 2013

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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