Environmental Impact. The scope of works under the sample subprojects involves improvement and maintenance of existing major district roads. There is adequate right of way (ROW) available for all the sample subprojects and no significant, long term, or irreversible environmental impacts are expected. Therefore the sample subprojects have been categorized B in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009, SPS). Initial environmental examination (IEE) reports have been prepared for each of the four sample subprojects in accordance with the ADB SPS and have been disclosed on the ADB website. An environmental assessment and review framework (EARF) has been prepared to guide compliance to environment safeguard requirements under the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF), GOI as well as the SPS for the non-sample subprojects and has been disclosed on the ADB website. As per the EARF no category A subprojects will be included under the project. Anticipated environmental impacts under the sample subprojects during construction entail typical road construction related issues such as generation of dust, noise, exhaust, waste from construction and worker camps, water contamination, occupational health and safety, erosion and siltation. Potential operational impacts such as noise, pollution and safety issues due to increased traffic are expected to be insignificant. Mitigation measures to address all construction and operation related impacts have been included in the Environmental Management Plan (EMP) prepared as part of the IEE. The EMP will form part of the bidding documents and be mandatory for implementation by the contractor. Meaningful consultations have been conducted during the project preparation stage and all concerns of the affected persons and stakeholders have been incorporated in the IEE and EMP. A Grievance Redress Mechanism has been formed to continue receiving feedback and complaints, if any, from affected parties and addressing them during the construction stage and operation stage.
MPRDC has implemented three ADB projects over the past decade; hence the agency is well versed with meeting ADB safeguard requirements. An initial coordination cum training workshop will be carried out by ADB and the CSC environmental specialist during the pre-construction stage for MPRDC staff, other CSC staff and the contractors. Further training will be conducted during construction stages as necessary.
||The project is categorized B as per ADB Safeguard Policy Statement. The project was developed with a view to avoid land acquisition and involuntary resettlement by adopting the most feasible technical design. The proposed improvement of roads will all occur within the existing right-of-way. For sample subprojects, meaningful consultation and information disclosure were undertaken during preparation. For sample roads, no land acquisition is envisaged but some roadside vendors will experience temporary disruption to livelihood during construction. A due diligence report has been prepared for the sample subprojects. The sample subprojects are representative of the kinds of impact likely to be encountered in non-sample roads. For the sector project, a resettlement framework has been prepared in accordance with the government's acts and policies, and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement. The framework will guide the screening and planning for all the subsequent subprojects that have resettlement impacts. Displaced persons, if any, will be compensated at replacement cost and rates for different categories of loss and special assistance are detailed in the framework. If any changes or additional land requirements or involuntary resettlement impacts are identified during implementation, a resettlement plan will be prepared or updated. ADB's prior approval will be obtained before further implementation of the relevant section of the subproject. MPRDC is experienced in implementing ADB projects. At the MPRDC level, two dedicated staff will oversee the project and at the implementation level, there will be a social safeguard focal in each of the 10 PIUs of MPRDC.
|During Project Design
The potential primary beneficiaries of the project are the road users, communities in the vicinity of the project influence area, villagers, Panchayats (rural local government), MPPWD, other development partners active in India's transport sector development, and business and community groups. The poor and the excluded also get an easy access to roads, which further help them in reaching markets and other services. Adversely impacted stakeholders would primarily be those who lose land or livelihood. However, the Project's focus is on improving and rehabilitating existing roads, thus land acquisition will be limited to areas where roads need some geometric improvement, bridge approaches, or bypasses' to avoid infringing existing settlements. Adverse impacts will be mitigated through proper stakeholder consultations, and incorporated into the resettlement plan.
The proposed Project's objective is improved road connectivity in district areas of the state of Madhya Pradesh, leading to improved access to basic services, trade, and employment. Primary concerns for poor and vulnerable stakeholders would be loss of land and/or livelihood as a result of land acquisition activities. The project preparation will include investigations and consultations covering all beneficiaries, including the poor and vulnerable stakeholders.
The proposed Project will build on the consultation and community participation exercises undertaken during the PPTA, with the support from PPTA consultants NGOs, and CBOs. These include community participation for planning, design and implementation in highly dense and poor settlements. Community consultations will also be carried over to the project implementation stages and user awareness will be included as an important activity.
Community meetings and focus group discussions will be organized as part of the poverty and social analysis. The local consultative meetings will involve all relevant stakeholders including representatives of the poor and other socially excluded groups (e.g., women, scheduled tribes, etc.) to disseminate the information as well as to get the feedback about the project design and its potential impacts. Other key stakeholders such as the relevant line departments, local government representatives and NGOs will also be consulted. Consultations will also be undertaken with the affected households and communities during the course of the census survey and socioeconomic survey along the project roads for the preparation of the safeguard plans.
|During Project Implementation
||The proposed Project will build on the consultation and community participation exercises undertaken during the PPTA, with the support from PPTA consultants NGOs, and CBOs. These include community participation for planning, design and implementation in highly dense and poor settlements. Community consultations will also be carried over to the project implementation stages and user awareness will be included as an important activity.