Pakistan: Determining the Potential for Carbon Capture and Storage

Sovereign Project | 47277-001

Summary

The proposed TA will support Pakistan in the implementation of its national climate change policy, particularly in mitigating climate change through development of GHG reduction technologies. The TA will explore the potential of CCS by developing demonstration roadmaps, engaging in dialogues with public and private sectors, and drafting relevant policy statements. The TA will specifically look into CO2 emitting sectors such as energy, agriculture, transport and industrial processes for the purpose of determining best type of demonstration roadmaps.

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Consulting Notices

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Title Deadline
Financial and Economic Expert 3 Sep 2015

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Procurement Documents

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Project Name Determining the Potential for Carbon Capture and Storage
Project Number 47277-001
Country Pakistan
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8648-PAK: Determining the Potential for Carbon Capture and Storage
Carbon Capture and Storage Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Energy - Energy efficiency and conservation
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The proposed TA will support Pakistan in the implementation of its national climate change policy, particularly in mitigating climate change through development of GHG reduction technologies. The TA will explore the potential of CCS by developing demonstration roadmaps, engaging in dialogues with public and private sectors, and drafting relevant policy statements. The TA will specifically look into CO2 emitting sectors such as energy, agriculture, transport and industrial processes for the purpose of determining best type of demonstration roadmaps.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Over the last 20 years, carbon emissions in Pakistan grew by 105% from 152.79 million tons in 1990 to 313.48 million tons in 2010. The significant increase in greenhouse gases (GHGs), particularly carbon dioxide (CO2) is mainly attributed to the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil for electricity, transport and those in manufacturing industries. This includes industries producing fertilizers (ammonia), cement, alternative fuels (methane & ethanol) and iron & steel (>45% of CO2 emissions came from industrial sector). Likewise, the clearing of land for agriculture, industry and other human activities have also upped GHG concentrations. GHG emission will be further increased with the anticipated shift to coal generation in the near future to decrease the existing power shortfall. Meeting the country's energy needs and the quest for economic growth presents a huge challenge to reduce the country's GHG levels. Pakistan will therefore need a portfolio of low-carbon technologies to reduce GHGs in the shortest possible time to avoid the more serious effects of climate change. Renewable energies (REs) will clearly play a critical role in moving the country to a low carbon future but the challenge of reducing emissions and simultaneously increasing energy source is daunting. REs contribution in the energy mix remains low that even with a rapid increase in its use is unlikely to meet energy demand and reduce GHG. With coal becoming a dominant source of energy across all sectors, CCS will be a critical technology for meeting the country's goal of reducing GHG. The new national Climate Change Policy underscores this need to develop low carbon technologies, specifically CCS for energy and other sectors like agriculture, transport and industries.
Impact CCS roadmap is implemented
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved capacity in planning and management of demonstration project in Pakistan.
Progress Toward Outcome Recruitment of experts is delayed, due to the limited firms with required expertise, consultants will be hired on an individual basis.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Scoping analysis on the potential for CCS undertaken

2. Knowledge dissemination program for CCS undertaken

3. Road map for CCS demonstration with priority demonstration projects identified

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Achievable but with delay.
Geographical Location Nationwide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The CDTA was conceived during a series of discussions between ADB and MOWP and Climate Change Division during reconnaissance and fact-finding missions in June and September 2013. It builds on ongoing activities in CCS being supported by ADB in other countries, and will help expand ADB's support for CCS to other high-priority developing member countries as a way of mitigating carbon emissions.
During Project Implementation Review Missions will be conducted jointly with relevant government agencies.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will require 15 person-months of international and 34 person-months of national consulting services. ADB will engage consultants according to its Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). Because of the highly specialized nature of the CCS technology and the limited number of experts in the field, the TA will be implemented by a team of international and national consultants. The preferred method would be recruitment through a firm using quality-based selection. If it cannot be done due to the limited firms with required expertise, consultants will be hired on an individual basis.
Procurement Equipment required under the TA, including computers and GIS software for mapping purposes, will be procured following ADB''s Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Sohail Hasnie
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Energy Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Climate Change DivisionMr. Iftikhar-ul-Hasan Shah Gillani, Joint Secretary (International Cooperation)3rd Floor, LG & RD Complex, G-5/2, Islamabad, Pakistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 21 Feb 2014
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 14 May 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 27 Mar 2015

TA 8648-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
14 May 2014 09 Jun 2014 09 Jun 2014 31 Aug 2015 31 Aug 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 14 May 2014 0.00
Title Document Type Document Date
Determining the Potential for Carbon Capture and Storage Technical Assistance Reports May 2014

Safeguard Documents

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