Pakistan: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project

Sovereign Project | 47279-002

Summary

The project will contribute to developing a sustainable UTS in Karachi through the delivery of a bus rapid transit (BRT) corridor, focusing on accessibility and people's mobility needs. It will aim at organizing the urban growth and public space along the selected corridor through integration of land-use and transport planning (transit-oriented development), making the city more pleasant to live in, providing a holistic solution for integrated urban mobility, and bearing a demonstration value as no modern mass transit system exists in Karachi yet.

The project impact will be developed sustainable UTS in Karachi. The project outcome will be improved quality of public transport along a selected corridor in Karachi. The project will consist of the following two interlinked outputs.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices

See also: CMS

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Notices

See also: Operational Procurement

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Documents

No documents of this type are currently available for this project.


Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Project Name Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project
Project Number 47279-002
Country Pakistan
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 100.00 million
Strategic Agendas
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Transport - Urban transport
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The project will contribute to developing a sustainable UTS in Karachi through the delivery of a bus rapid transit (BRT) corridor, focusing on accessibility and people's mobility needs. It will aim at organizing the urban growth and public space along the selected corridor through integration of land-use and transport planning (transit-oriented development), making the city more pleasant to live in, providing a holistic solution for integrated urban mobility, and bearing a demonstration value as no modern mass transit system exists in Karachi yet.

The project impact will be developed sustainable UTS in Karachi. The project outcome will be improved quality of public transport along a selected corridor in Karachi. The project will consist of the following two interlinked outputs.

Output 1 (infrastructure): BRT corridor restructuring. This will include construction of (i) a BRT route designed and built following international best practices and quality standards along either the Green, Red or Yellow line; (ii) sidewalks, on-street parking, mixed-traffic lanes and NMT lane along the BRT; (iii) a high-capacity drainage system along the corridor; (iv) BRT depot; and (v) improvement of access roads for NMT and feeder services. Energy-efficient streetlights and intelligent transport systems for traffic management along the corridor will also be procured and installed under this output. The construction of associated infrastructure such as intercity bus terminals and off-street parking may be considered as well.

Output 2: Effective project management and sustainable BRT operations. This will include: (i) strengthening capacity of the Sindh Mass Transit Coordination Authority (SMTCA) and the Sindh Mass Transit Company (SMTC); (ii) structuring and delivering viable PPP arrangements through transaction advisory service (TAS); (iii) designing the BRT operational plan and business model; (iv) facilitating a bus industry transition through negotiations and capacity building for private bus operators selected to operate the BRT; (v) setting up a fleet scrapping program and compensation mechanism for non-participating operators; (vi) building capacity of the traffic police to enforce parking, street vendors' policy, and other traffic rules; (vii) implementing a communication and marketing plan; and (viii) implementing an urban development strategy along the corridor.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Karachi is the largest city of Pakistan and its main seaport, economic and financial center. The population of this fast-expanding megacity grew annually by 4.2% since 1998, and is projected to grow from 18.9 million in 2010 to 27.6 million in 2020 and 31.6 million in 2030. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Karachi is consistently ranked as one of the world's most unlivable cities. Severe traffic congestion and induced air and noise pollution play a major role in these poor rankings. With limited infrastructure and low level of public services, the city's urban transport system (UTS)2 fails to provide mobility for all people. Car and motorcycle ownership (49.7 and 47.4 per 1000 inhabitants in 2010) is still low but increasing fast with a growing middle class. From 1988 to 2010, the number of registered cars in Karachi more

than tripled, reaching 940,000, while the number of motorcycles quadrupled, reaching 900,000. Maintaining the same growth rate, there could be up to 2.1 million cars and 2.7 million motorcycles in 2025. With other factors such as weak traffic management to organize many competing modes, lack of transport demand management and inefficient public transport, this rapid motorization exacerbates congestion and leads to increased pollution.

Karachi's UTS in 2012 is characterized by low mobility, long commuter trip times, and the following modal share: (i) 21.6% of all trips are made by private modes [motorcycles:10.9%; cars: 10.7%]; (ii) 22.2% by public transport [buses]; (iii) 10.4% by paratransit modes; and (iv) 45.8% are still non-motorized, made on foot or bicycles. Private modes represent 84% of all vehicles plying on Karachi's street but transport only 40% of total passengers, while buses represent only 4.5% of all vehicles but transport 42% of total passengers. Approximately 10,000 large and mini buses, shared between a multitude of semi-public and private operators, run through the city. The level of service is nonetheless deficient: the bus fleet is in poor condition; bus stops are rudimentary, without information on schedule or itinerary; the ticketing system is obsolete; and operators compete for passengers, worsening congestion and impairing safety. Traffic-based collisions are increasing, affecting pedestrians, mostly the poorest and women.

The Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) provided assistance to the Government of Sindh to jointly develop the detailed and comprehensive Karachi Transportation Improvement Project, comprising a Transport Master Plan and Feasibility Study for the Green and Red BRT lines. In parallel, the government is currently experimenting a full public-private partnership (PPP) model to implement the Yellow BRT line. The project will build on these initiatives, following a mixed model combining standard public financing for the main infrastructure, and PPP schemes for bankable components. A stand-alone project loan is proposed as the financing modality since the project focuses on a single BRT corridor.

Impact A sustainable urban transport system is developed in Karachi
Outcome Quality of public transport is improved along selected corridor
Outputs

Karachi's first BRT corridor is constructed

Project management is effective, leading to sustainable BRT operations

Geographical Location Karachi
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

UNDP will participate to the project design, mainly through stakeholder engagement process and inclusive infrastructure design (i.e. technical design including inputs from future users), including awareness campaigns.

Under ADB Cluster TA and PPTA, a bus industry transition process will be initiated through negotiations with existing private bus operators, to include them at early stages in the BRT operational design.

During Project Implementation

The bus industry transition process, initiated during project design, will continue with the objective that current bus operators will become the operators of the new BRT system.

For operators not participating to future BRT operations, a fleet scrapping and compensation mechanism will be set up and financed under the loan.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

All consultants will be selected in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by Asian Development Bank and Its Borrowers (2013, as amended from time to time).The PPTA will use (i) an international firm in association with a local firm recruited by ADB under quality-and cost-based selection (QCBS 90:10) and full technical proposal (FTP); and (ii) individual consultants, notably for, but not limited to, drafting of

TOR. A total of 54 person-months with 29 of international and 25 person-months of national consultants' services will be required.

Procurement

Advance contracting and retroactive financing will be considered for consulting services and civil work packages, and if approved by ADB,

undertaken in conformity with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time) and ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).

Responsible ADB Officer David Margonsztern
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Transport & Mass Transit Department,Gov't of Sindh2F Tughlaq House, Sindh Secretariat
Building #2, Karachi, Pakistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 06 Dec 2013
Fact Finding 01 Jun 2016 to 22 Jun 2016
MRM 20 Jul 2016
Approval 26 Sep 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Mar 2015
Title Document Type Document Date
Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Mar 2014
Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project: Project Data Sheet (Urdu Translation) Translated PDS Mar 2014

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.