Myanmar: Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes

Sovereign Project | 47311-001

Summary

The project will represent one consolidated investment grant of $12.0 million to target four diverse geographic (and agro-ecological) regions of the country: (i) Ayeyawady Delta, (ii) the Central Dry Zone, (iii) Taninthayi Region, and (iv) Shan State Plateau. This will enable the implementation of different interventions based on topography, agricultural production systems, and natural resource management regimes. The project will focus on two inter-related sets of activities: (i) improvements and upgrades of social and productive infrastructure; and (ii) improvement of capacities of communities, project line agencies at the local and state levels, and to a lesser degree at the central levels.

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Consulting Notices

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Procurement Notices

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Procurement Documents

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Project Name Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes
Project Number 47311-001
Country Myanmar
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9174-MYA: Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 12.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Multisector - Multisector
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will represent one consolidated investment grant of $12.0 million to target four diverse geographic (and agro-ecological) regions of the country: (i) Ayeyawady Delta, (ii) the Central Dry Zone, (iii) Taninthayi Region, and (iv) Shan State Plateau. This will enable the implementation of different interventions based on topography, agricultural production systems, and natural resource management regimes. The project will focus on two inter-related sets of activities: (i) improvements and upgrades of social and productive infrastructure; and (ii) improvement of capacities of communities, project line agencies at the local and state levels, and to a lesser degree at the central levels. Envisaged interventions include community-prioritized interventions such as development of small-scale infrastructure at VT level, inter alia, community irrigation and drainage systems, rural access roads, bridges and foot-paths, potable water systems at the village level, and provision of social infrastructure such as community health centers, enhancement of existing or provision of new education facilities, and rural electrification needs at the household level. Support will also be extended for traditional cottage/home based small scale industries for which there is an increasing demand such as lacquer work and handicraft production. Training for enhanced livelihood opportunities will include functional English literacy training, skills development for the emerging tourism market, and training for improved crop production, agricultural diversification, and agribusiness, especially in the Delta and the Dry Zone. The primary focus will be on confidence building at local levels by re-invigorating cooperative societies, self-help groups, and traditional rural level leadership as key local level centers for planning and development.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

At present, rural incomes are constrained by high transaction costs for agricultural production and marketing (due largely to the poor condition of access roads, tracks, bridges, and boat landing sites as well as irrigation, drainage, and flood control structures), sparse opportunities for alternative employment and limited access to markets, social and technical services. Investments in improving rural infrastructure, livelihoods and extension services will reduce these constraints, increase the access of rural communities to markets and leverage their capacity to make real economic gains.

The project will implement grassroots interventions based on a community-driven development (CDD) approach aimed at stimulating economic activities in rural areas of Myanmar. This will be achieved through income enhancing rural livelihood interventions including rehabilitation, upgrading and provision of new productive and social infrastructure at the village level. Economic and financial benefits are expected from the reduction of transaction costs and improved access to input supplies through direct cash payments to the rural population participating in the project's rural infrastructure activities. Central to this project is the use of labor-based appropriate technology (LBAT) which will provide direct cash infusion into rural areas, through pay for work, enabling further local income generating activities. The reduction of infrastructure constraints and the direct infusion of cash to village households will provide an economic stimulus in and around the project areas.

Impact Improved agricultural productivity and enhanced livelihoods contributing to reduced poverty in Ayeyawady Delta region, Magway and Mandalay Regions in the Central Dry Zone, Taninthayi Region, and the Shan State
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved essential productive rural and social infrastructure in the project-assisted villages to lead to better income opportunities
Progress Toward Outcome -- A team of start-up consultants have been mobilized in August 2014. The team is working closely with the Project Management Unit within the Department of Rural Development in Nay Pyi Taw to ensure project structures and systems are in place, project staff are oriented on financial management, procurement and monitoring and evaluation. The procurement of the grant implementation consultants is expected to commence in Q1 2015. The team of consultants is focusing its support on the Ayeryarwady Delta with a view to clearly mapping out community needs and priorities, prioritize participating village tracts and assess status of village tract development plans, help mobilize community facilitators to engage in social mobilization, identify technical support needs at the township level for livelihood and infrastructure support, and finalize procurement for subproject packages. The plan as part of this 'start-up' phase is to have one township with all the activities identified, packages procured, and ready for implementation. This township can then serve as a 'model' for replication and/or adoption in the townships across the other project locations once the full implementation team of consultants is on board in six months or so.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Communities mobilized and organized for identifying priority needs

2. Village/village tract level infrastructure and rural livelihoods improved

3. Project management services institutionalized

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) --- A multi-stakeholder workshop was held on 17 October in Yangon to discuss, update and review key project parameters served as the project launch involving government entities at national and state/region levels CSOs and DPs.
Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Overall, the potential for negative environmental impacts for the Project are limited, localized and most of such impacts are reversible and can be mitigated. The size and scale of subprojects will be limited by the size of community block grants of up to $27,000 each and as such are unlikely to generate significant adverse impacts on the environment. Each subproject will go through a screening process to identify potential impacts and mitigation measures will be proposed and implemented.
Involuntary Resettlement Resettlement issues are not foreseen to be significant by the nature (community driven development) and size of potential small infrastructure improvement of rural road, rehabilitation of irrigation, rural market, improvement of water sanitation facilities for school/communities. Minor land acquisition or loss of assets cannot be fully avoided. Selection criteria for infrastructures will exclude projects with adverse impact on land/environment.
Indigenous Peoples The project has various measures to ensure that ethnic minorities in selected states/towns participate in and receive benefits from the project including better access to basic services and skill for income generation. Framework to support indigenous people involvement is prepared as a guide.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

On 12 September 2012, the ADB mission met with and briefed Mr Sato Yasuyuki, Representative, JICA; Fukuyama Akira, Representative, JICA and Mr U Tun Myint Thein, Program Officer and Mr. Hideaki Matsuo, Counselor and Head, Economic and ODA Section, Embassy of Japan and Hideki Wada , Second Secretary, (EOJ). In March 2013, the mission again discussed the progress of the project with Mr Yasuyuki and Mr. Myint Thein. During the fact-finding mission on 17 June 2013, the mission met with and briefed Mr. Yasuyuki and Ms. Yoko Yamazaki, Project Formulation Adviser (Agricultural and Rural Development Sector). The feedback from JICA and EOJ has been supportive of the CDD approach adopted under the Project and the decentralized implementation arrangements under the project.

A follow-up mission visited Myanmar to confirm the same project scope, implementation arrangements, cost estimates, time frame, and other details with the reorganized executing agency: Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries, and Rural Development.

During the fact-finding mission of June 2013, consultation meetings were also conducted with the World Bank (WB), Department of International Development (DfID), co-chair, and United Nations Office of Project Services, fund manager, respectively of the LIFT, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP). A one day workshop was also organized with INGOs, NGOs, and with the Food Security Working Group (FSWG) in Yangon.

During Project Implementation Community level consultations have been conducted with community groups and civil society organizations in the townships of Ngaputaw and Tha Baung. Development partner dialogue continues with JICA, the World Bank and the Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund (LIFT).
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants will be recruited in accordance with the ADB Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). All consulting firms (including NGOs, LNGOs, and INGOs) will be recruited using Quality and Cost Based Selection (QCBS) with a quality-cost ratio of 80:20, or Consultants Qualifications Selection (CQS).
Procurement All procurement to be financed by the project will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time). Civil works and livelihood packages (Component B, Subproject) will consist of 288 units (estimated value of $27,000/unit), with multiple lots or contracts to allow small contractors and community groups to participate under community contracting scheme to bid. Procurement of civil works valued between $100,000 to $1.0 million per package shall follow National Competitive Bidding (NCB) procedure which ADB and the government will agree with. Goods and civil works costing between $10,001 to $99,999 per package shall be procured through Shopping. Goods estimated to cost below $10,000 may be purchased by the executing/implementing agency directly from the supplier, and in this case, ADB should be satisfied that the price paid is reasonable.
Responsible ADB Officer Pavit Ramachandran
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Livestock,Fisheries,&Rural DevelopmentOffice No. 36,Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding 12 Jun 2013 to 28 Jun 2013
MRM -
Approval 11 Dec 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

Grant 9174-MYA

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
11 Dec 2013 04 Jun 2014 04 Jun 2014 31 Dec 2017 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 13.90 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 11 Dec 2013 0.00 0.15 1%
Counterpart 1.90 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 12.00 11 Dec 2013 0.00 0.72 6%
Title Document Type Document Date
Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes: Project Data Sheet (Myanmar Language Translation) Translated PDS Apr 2015
Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction Nov 2013
Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Jul 2013

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Sep 2013
Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes: Resettlement and Ethnic Groups Framework Combined Resettlement Framework and Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks Sep 2013

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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