India: Supporting Kerala's Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education

Sovereign Project | 47334-002 Status: Approved

Summary

ADB is helping the Indian state of Kerala provide students of higher secondary schools and arts-science colleges with skills that will improve their chances of getting a job after graduation. The program will provide the state’s youth with opportunities to improve their English fluency and information technology skills, and learn market-relevant, in-demand vocational skills outside regular hours.

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Consulting Notices

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Procurement Notices

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Procurement Documents

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Project Name Supporting Kerala's Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education
Project Number 47334-002
Country India
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3188-IND: Supporting Kerala's Additional Skill Acquisition Program in Post-Basic Education
Ordinary capital resources US$ 100.00 million
TA 8760-IND: Capacity Building for the Additional Skill Acquisition Program
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 1.50 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Education - Technical and vocational education and training

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description

The Kerala State Skill Development Project was launched by the Government of Kerala (GOK) in July 2012 to enhance the employability of the state's youth and create opportunities for productive employment. It has two sub-programs to tackle the supply-side problems. The first, the Additional Skill Acquisition Program (ASAP), has been designed by the Departments of Higher Education and General Education, GOK to address the preventive dimension of low employability. The second, the Additional Skill Enhancement Program, has been designed by the Department of Labor and Employment and the Department of Local Self Government, GOK to address the curative dimension by focusing on re-skilling the unemployed youths registered with employment exchanges. The Government of India and GOK have requested Asian Development Bank assistance for strengthening and scaling up ASAP since it aims to tackle the problem of low employability early on by integrating general and vocational education so that students become market-ready even while being enrolled in school and college.

The impact will be increased employment of Kerala''s youth. The outcome is that the graduates of government and government-aided higher secondary schools and arts-science colleges are more employable.This will be achieved by the following outputs: (i) market-relevant vocational training introduced in post-basic education, (ii) access to quality vocational training enhanced, (iii) increased awareness and private sector participation facilitated, (iv) improved program management and monitoring and evaluation.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The proposed support for ASAP reflects the priorities of the India Country Partnership Strategy, 2013- 2017 which seeks to reinforce India's efforts towards inclusive growth and recognizes education (with focus on TVET) as a new sector in ADB's India operations. It is also closely aligned with the midterm review of Strategy 2020 which emphasizes the need for ADB to expand education sector lending from an average of 3% during 2008- 2012 to 6% -10% of annual approvals by focusing on post-basic education and TVET to promote human capital development, and facilitating public-private partnerships to leverage and improve results.
Impact Increased employment of Kerala's youth (aged 15 to 24 years)
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increased employability of ASAP certificate holders
Progress Toward Outcome The baseline for the outcome indicator will be prepared by 2016. A consulting firm has been engaged to design an index of employability and undertake tracker surveys to assess the effectiveness of ASAP's training.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Market-relevant vocational training introduced in post-basic education

Access to quality vocational training enhanced

Increased awareness and private sector participation facilitated

Improved program management and M&E

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. Market-relevant vocational training introduced in post-basic education: The disbursement-linked indicator (DLI) pertaining to this is "Market-relevant vocational training introduced in post-basic education". ASAP is currently offering training in 73 skill courses covering 17sectors. A thorough review of the quality of the training material and its alignment with the prescribed national occupation standards (NOS)/NCVT is underway. In cases where the course material offered by the private training providers is poor, support is being provided under the $1.5 million TA project to improve the course material. Since most of the private training providers and the sector skills councils (SSCs) are relatively new and lack good quality trainers and assessors, ADB is working closely with ASAP staff to strengthen the ecosystem. It is coordinating with NSDC, training providers, and the SSCs to ensure that quality of training material and assessors is improved.

2. Access to quality vocational training enhanced:

Sites for 15 community skills parks have been finalized. The design and supervision consulting firm is in the process of preparing site-specific architectural designs. The detailed project reports (DPRs) are under preparation. Tendering is expected to be initiated in Sept. 2015. The first set of 2 to 3 CSPs are expected to be completed by the end of 2016.

The ASAP Secretariat has also established around 100 skill development centers (SDCs). On average, about 5 rooms in ASAP's partner higher secondary schools/ Colleges have been upgraded. Improved furniture, computer labs, smart classrooms, and internet connectivity have been provided. Foundation training and limited vocational training is already being imparted in these SDCs. Once the CSPs become operational, the main vocational training will be shifted there.

3. Increased awareness and private sector participation facilitated: The DLI pertaining to this is "Number of students enrolled in ASAP courses." According to MIS records, as of 30 June 2015, 38,873 students have started vocational training courses, while 41,416 have started foundation training. On average, 54% of the trainees are females and / or BPL. Under the Summer Skills Program initiated in April/May 2015, an additional 7387 students have been enrolled for training. The target for 2015 (more than 30,000 students on cumulative basis) has been achieved.

4. Improved program management and M&E: The DLI for this is "Number of skill development executives (SDEs) for imparting foundation training (i.e. communication English, basic IT, and counselling) empanelled increased." As of July 8, 2015, 1669 SDEs have been empanelled. Of these, 66% are females. The DLI target for 2015 (i.e. 1500 SDEs) has been exceeded.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The program is categorized as B in terms of environment.
Involuntary Resettlement The program is being categorized as C in terms of involuntary resettlement. No new land will be acquired, nor will anyone be displaced.
Indigenous Peoples The program is category C for indigenous peoples since the program will support construction of new community skills parks on unencumbered government land and upgrading and remodeling of exisiting government buildings into community skills parks. Indigenous people account for only 1% of Kerala's population and will not be affected in any way by the civil works.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The Additional Skill Acquisition Program (ASAP) has been designed on the basis of intensive (and ongoing) consultations with all relevant stakeholders students, principals and teachers of higher secondary schools and undergraduate colleges, parents, industry associations, and sector skills councils.
During Project Implementation The ASAP Secretariat will continue with the above outreach efforts during project implementation. A detailed communication strategy and roll-out plan has been prepared.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services This is a results-based loan. All procurement and consultant recruitment will be undertaken by the implementing agency in line with the country systems.
Procurement This is a results-based loan. All procurement and consultant recruitment will be undertaken by the implementing agency in line with the country systems. Training service providers will be recruited for imparting the vocational training. Procurement will include civil works (upgrading of community skills parks) and purchase of training equipment and teaching materials.
Responsible ADB Officer Shamit Chakravarti
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Department of Higher Education, Gov't of Kerala
GKUZHIVELI@GMAIL.COM
3rd Floor, Secretariat Annex, Statue,
Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
India
Timetable
Concept Clearance 19 Jun 2014
Fact Finding 09 Jun 2014 to 20 Jun 2014
MRM 08 Aug 2014
Approval 19 Nov 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 01 Sep 2015

Loan 3188-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
19 Nov 2014 27 Nov 2014 11 Dec 2014 30 Jun 2019 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 147.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 100.00 19 Nov 2014 40.00 0.00 40%
Counterpart 47.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 19 Nov 2014 40.00 0.00 40%

TA 8760-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
19 Nov 2014 01 Dec 2014 01 Dec 2014 30 Apr 2017 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 1,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,500,000.00 19 Nov 2014 283,550.00

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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Related Publications

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