China, People's Republic of: Country Water Assessment

Sovereign Project | 48058-001

Summary

Given a rapidly changing growth dynamics and the pressing need to integrate sustainable development planning, ADB and the Government have agreed to conduct a Country Water Assessment (CWA) for the PRC. The proposed technical assistance (TA) for the CWA will be used to improve policies and strategies in the water sector, particularly to improve national water security and to deal with water scarcity. The PRC CWA will also support the preparation of the 13th FYP on water resources management, and will ensure that ADB's strategy and programs respond to water security challenges in the PRC and are consistent with PRC's water policy directions.

Conducting a CWA for the PRC is consistent with ADB's Water Operational Plan (2011) and knowledge management plan. It is also in line with ADB's PRC country partnership strategy, 2011 2015 which supports the Government's goal of building a harmonious society by promoting environmentally sustainable development.

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Project Name Country Water Assessment
Project Number 48058-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8715-PRC: Country Water Assessment
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 200,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Forestry - Land-based natural resources management - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Water-based natural resources management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban flood protection - Urban sanitation - Urban water supply
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description

Given a rapidly changing growth dynamics and the pressing need to integrate sustainable development planning, ADB and the Government have agreed to conduct a Country Water Assessment (CWA) for the PRC. The proposed technical assistance (TA) for the CWA will be used to improve policies and strategies in the water sector, particularly to improve national water security and to deal with water scarcity. The PRC CWA will also support the preparation of the 13th FYP on water resources management, and will ensure that ADB's strategy and programs respond to water security challenges in the PRC and are consistent with PRC's water policy directions.

Conducting a CWA for the PRC is consistent with ADB's Water Operational Plan (2011) and knowledge management plan. It is also in line with ADB's PRC country partnership strategy, 2011 2015 which supports the Government's goal of building a harmonious society by promoting environmentally sustainable development.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Although approximately 20% of the world's population lives in the PRC, the country is endowed with only 7% of global fresh water resources. Development and growth in the PRC, while critical for moving the country's economy forward, are putting further stress on its limited freshwater resources. Demand for water, food, and energy is increasing rapidly as urbanization, industrialization, and population rise in the PRC. When combined with climate change and natural disasters, the future of PRC's water becomes even more uncertain.

Feeding a population of 1.4 billion by 2030 will require producing more food with less water through improved water productivity and efficiency in agriculture. With higher rates of urbanization, increasing demand for drinking water and domestic use will put greater stress on existing water sources. Energy demands could be more than double in the next 20 years and will come with simultaneous increases in water demand. Hydropower will be a key contributor for clean energy production and green development . Aside from these human activities, it is critical to ensure that the environmental water flows required to sustain ecosystems and biodiversity are also maintained.

Climate change scenarios for the PRC show an increased likelihood of more severe storms and droughts. For example, the drought in 2011 illustrated that even the Yangtze Basin, one of the largest basins in the world and recognized for high annual rainfall, is not immune from the impacts of climate change and unsustainable water consumption. This event also reinforced the need to implement appropriate mitigation measures and natural disaster risk management.

The mounting challenges posed by changing and often conflicting demands for and supply of natural resources in the PRC highlight the importance of water in any development and growth agenda. The country's ability to make adequate water available for domestic, agricultural, industrial, and environmental uses will depend on better management of water resources and increased cross-sector planning and integration.

Impact Increased water security through improved water governance in the PRC
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Strengthened water management by the government and enhanced ADB water operations in the PRC
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Country water assessment completed

Potential assistance to the government for the 13th plan delineated (as inputs to the upcoming ADB CPS)

Stakeholder engagement mechanism established

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Recruitment of consulting firm ongoing.
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services A consulting firm will be engaged to assist ADB and the Ministry of Water Resources in implementing TA activities. The firm will be engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Zhou Yaozhou
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Water Resources2 Lane 2, Baijuang Road
Beijing 100053
People's Republic of China
Timetable
Concept Clearance 14 May 2014
Fact Finding 06 Mar 2014 to 06 Mar 2014
MRM -
Approval 05 Sep 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 25 Mar 2015

TA 8715-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
05 Sep 2014 06 Oct 2014 06 Oct 2014 31 Mar 2016 31 May 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 05 Sep 2014 44,637.68
Title Document Type Document Date
Country Water Assessment: Technical Assistance Report Technical Assistance Reports Sep 2014

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