50102-002: Second Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin Project | Asian Development Bank

Cambodia: Second Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 50102-002 Status: Proposed

The proposed project will support the government of Cambodia in improving urban services and enhancing climate resilience in participating towns in four towns in the Tonle Sap Basin. The project will support urban infrastructure investments, including drainage and flood protection, wastewater management and solid waste management, in the municipalities of Steung Sen, Serei Saophoan, Kampong Chhnang and Pursat. By enhancing drainage and flood protection, the project will improve climate resilience and adaption capacity in the four towns. The project will also strengthen sector coordination, capacity for project implementation, and operations and maintenance in the four towns.

Project Details

Project Officer
Kamal, Sameer A. Southeast Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Cambodia
Modality
  • Loan
Sector
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
 
Project Name Second Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin Project
Project Number 50102-002
Country Cambodia
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Tonle Sap Urban Development II
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 50.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sewerage - Urban solid waste management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The proposed project will support the government of Cambodia in improving urban services and enhancing climate resilience in participating towns in four towns in the Tonle Sap Basin. The project will support urban infrastructure investments, including drainage and flood protection, wastewater management and solid waste management, in the municipalities of Steung Sen, Serei Saophoan, Kampong Chhnang and Pursat. By enhancing drainage and flood protection, the project will improve climate resilience and adaption capacity in the four towns. The project will also strengthen sector coordination, capacity for project implementation, and operations and maintenance in the four towns.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Tonle Sap basin is home to about a third of Cambodia's population, while nearly half of the population depends on the lake's resources, particularly its fish, for their livelihoods. The largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia, the lake has a highly diverse ecosystem and unique hydrology, where seasonal variations are linked closely with fish production. With 62% of its water originating in the Mekong River, and 38% in the Tonle Sap basin, the Tonle Sap is at risk of being adversely affected by climate-induced changes to the Mekong River and its tributaries, as well as by environmental degradation in the basin. Climate projections point to increasing daily maximum temperatures and more frequent large rainfall events, indicating that flooding, particularly in the low-lying Tonle Sap basin, will increase. Cambodia's urban population growth rate of 4.4%, one of the fastest-growing in Southeast Asia, translates into significant growth in the basin's towns. In a largely rural region that is predominantly based on agriculture and fisheries, urban areas are key for economic development, but also represent the greatest threat to the ecosystem.



The proposed project will build on ADB's programmatic, sequential engagement in Cambodia's urban sector and in the Tonle Sap basin. The 2005 Tonle Sap Basin Strategy highlighted the importance of the basin from an ecological, environmental and poverty perspective, while the 2012 Urban Sector Assessment, Strategy and Road Map for Cambodia highlighted sustainable urban development in the Tonle Sap as one of the ADB's three priority areas moving forward. , The Tonle Sap Urban Development Strategic Framework (2014-2030) identified and prioritized the urgent urban infrastructure needs for the six key towns in the Tonle Sap basin. The first Tonle Sap Integrated Urban Environmental Management Project, approved in 2015 and currently under implementation, is focusing on a subset of priority investments in the two top-ranked towns, namely Kampong Chnnang and Pursat.

Impact Sustainable, inclusive, equitable, and resilient growth achieved
Outcome Urban services improved and climate resilience in the participating towns enhanced.
Outputs

Priority infrastructure for urban environmental management improved and climate resilience strengthened

Climate resilient urban planning and disaster risk management improved

Institutional capacity for sector coordination and managing public investments strengthened

Geographical Location Kampong Chhnang, Pursat, Serei Saophoan, Stueng Saen
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Kamal, Sameer A.
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Public Works and Transport
4th Floor Eastern Building
Corner Norodom Boulevard Street 106
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 14 Oct 2016
Fact Finding 15 Jan 2018 to 19 Jan 2018
MRM 16 Apr 2018
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 24 Oct 2016

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan

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