The proposed Bangkok Mass Rapid Transit South Purple Line Project will improve urban transport system in Bangkok, Thailand for efficient and safe movements of people. It will contribute to the achievement of the government''s goal of supporting sustainable and inclusive growth. Aimed at addressing the inefficient and unsustainable urban transport, the proposed project will provide much needed additional MRT corridor and capacity in Bangkok to improve the urban transport system by promoting modal shift from private vehicles to public transport. The output of the project will be (i) Bangkok MRT South Purple Line constructed and operational, and (ii) capacity in implementing and managing urban rail MRT system strengthened.
|Project Name||Bangkok Mass Rapid Transit South Purple Line Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Urban public transport
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The proposed Bangkok Mass Rapid Transit South Purple Line Project will improve urban transport system in Bangkok, Thailand for efficient and safe movements of people. It will contribute to the achievement of the government''s goal of supporting sustainable and inclusive growth. Aimed at addressing the inefficient and unsustainable urban transport, the proposed project will provide much needed additional MRT corridor and capacity in Bangkok to improve the urban transport system by promoting modal shift from private vehicles to public transport. The output of the project will be (i) Bangkok MRT South Purple Line constructed and operational, and (ii) capacity in implementing and managing urban rail MRT system strengthened.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Bangkok is the capital of Thailand and the largest city in the country with a population of about 13 million that is expected to grow at about 1% per annum. This large urbanizing region represents over 20% of Thailand's population of 68 million. Accounting for over half of the nation's GDP, Bangkok is the key driver of the national economy and playing a pivotal role in stimulating economic growth and reducing poverty enabling Thailand to make remarkable progress in social and economic development and move from a low-income country to an upper-middle income economy. The fast-paced economic development in Bangkok has resulted in steep rise in person-trip travels, but the city''s existing mass rapid transit (MRT) system is inadequate in terms of capacity and services to cater for the ever-increasing travel demand. Coupled with the growing affluence in Bangkok, travelers opt to use private transport mode, as evident in the rise in vehicle ownership. The Government of Thailand is well aware of the impact of inefficient urban transport system on economic growth. Failure to invest in urban transport infrastructures to support a major modal shift away from private transport mode in cities will constrain economic growth and accelerate degradation of the urban environment. The government supports investments in efficient and sustainable urban transport to promote economic growth and protect the environment through a low carbon growth path that reduces greenhouse gas emissions.
The government aims to accelerate transport infrastructure investment as a key component in its strategy to improve the nation's competitiveness and increase economic growth. Strengthening connectivity through advancing infrastructure development and raising proportion of passengers carried by public transport system in urban areas to enhance access to social and economic opportunities in support of inclusive growth is one of the priority policy agendas specified in the new Twelfth National Economic and Social Development Plan, 2017 -2021. ADB''s Country Partnership Strategy for Thailand also emphasizes on urban transport infrastructure development to improve connectivity which contributes to inclusive growth. An urban rail MRT project closely aligns with strategic development direction. The project is in ADB Country Operations Business Plan for Thailand 2017-2019.
|Impact||Access to social and economic opportunities enhanced (the Twelfth National Economic and Social Development Plan 2017 -2021)|
|Outcome||Urban transport system in Bangkok improved|
1. Bangkok MRT South Purple Line constructed and commissioned
Capacity in implementing and managing urban rail MRT system strengthened
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Leung, Kang Hang|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SERD|
Mass Rapid Transit Authority
175 Rama IX Rd., HuayKhwang, Bangkok
10310 Ministry of Transport
38 Thanon Ratchadamnoen Nok, Khet Pom Prab, Sattru Phai,
|Concept Clearance||29 Sep 2017|
|Fact Finding||12 Mar 2018 to 26 Mar 2018|
|MRM||30 May 2018|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||03 Oct 2017|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Bangkok Mass Rapid Transit South Purple Line Project: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Sep 2017|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
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