Mainstreaming Environmental Considerations in Economic and Development Planning Processes in Selected Pacific Developing Member Countries: Climate Risk Profile for Tonga

Date: August 2008
Country:
Subject:
Document Type: Consultant's Reports
Project Number: 38031-012

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Description

Climate Risk Profile for Tonga prepared by John E. Hay and Associates Ltd, New Zealand, under ADB regional technical assistance on Mainstreaming Environmental Considerations in Economic and Development Planning Processes in Selected Pacific Developing Member Countries.

This climate risk profile (CRP) is based on observed data for Nuku'alofa, Tonga (Latitude 21 10 S; Longitude 174 00 W). While data for Nuku'alofa clearly cannot characterize the climate conditions for all of Tonga, they do provide a general indication of current climate risks facing the country. The CRP can be extended by analyzing data from other locations in Tonga. Future changes in climate are based on the output of global climate models (GCMs), and are for a 3.75 by 3.75 degree (approximately) grid square centred on southern Tonga. The climate projections are therefore more reflective of changes for a larger area than just Nuku'alofa. This Climate Risk Profile for Tonga was prepared under ADB regional technical assistance on Mainstreaming Environmental Considerations in Economic and Development Planning Processes in Selected Pacific Developing Member Countries.