On the Concept of Equity in Opportunity

Publication | August 2011

Measuring the equity of opportunity in a given society is an essential ingredient in the formulation of policies and programs that promote inclusive growth. This paper defines and measures equity of opportunity through the theoretical framework of the social opportunity function, a concept similar to the social welfare function. The measures proposed in the study are used to analyze changes in the opportunities in education and health care in the Philippines from 1998 to 2007.


  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • The Social Opportunity Function
  • Concentration Curve
  • Defining Equity of Opportunity
  • Bonferroni Concentration Curve
  • Relative and Absolute Measures of Equity of Opportunity
  • Social Opportunity Index
  • Empirical Illustration
  • Conclusion
  • References