Development through Empowerment: Delivering Effective Public Services - A Literature Review

Date: December 2013
Type: Papers and Briefs
Series: Economics Working Papers
ISSN: 1655-5252 (print)
Author: Xu, Guo


This paper reviews the channels through which empowerment may improve the efficiency and quality of public service delivery, particularly in developing Asia. Departing from a macro perspective, the author focuses and revisits microeconomic evidence for three broad measures aimed at empowering the poor: empowerment through voice, empowerment through exit, and empowerment through information.


  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Big Picture - Changes since 2004
  • Challenges in Public Goods Provision
  • Development through Empowerment - Case Studies
  • Conclusion
  • References