Energy Security, Food Security, and Economics of Sugarcane Bioethanol in India

Publication | April 2011

India's ambitions on enhancing energy security through bioethanol largely rely on second-generation technologies. Using a cost-benefit analysis, this paper show that sugarcane bioethanol is not economically viable and competes with agricultural resources. Molasses ethanol can support up to 5% blending while improving social welfare.


  • Introduction
  • Biofuel Policy and the Bioethanol Program
  • Natural Resources and Technological Constraints
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Second-Generation Biofuels
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Appendix
  • References