Flexibility Fixes Land Acquisition, Payment Concerns in Bangladesh

Date: November 2013
Type: Brochures and Flyers
Series: Knowledge Showcases


The communal land system in Chittagong Hill Tract makes land acquisition complex. This case is the first successful application of consensus-based compensation under ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement.


  • The indigenous people of Bangladesh’s Chittagong Hill Tracts have a communal landownership system that does not use individual land titles, making the process of land acquisition and compensation complicated.
  • To implement its rural development project, ADB dialogued with government representatives and ethnic leaders to devise a compromise solution combining statutory and customary laws.
  • The successful implementation of this compromise solution built the trust of the ethnic population and demonstrated how consultation and community support can lead to innovative solutions.