Gender Responsiveness in ADB Water Policies and Projects

Publication | December 2005

The Gender Scan, or Gender in Water Operations Review, examined a 25% sample of water-related loans between 1995 and 2002—a total of 21 projects in 16 countries.

A Gender in Water Partnership between the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Gender and Water Alliance (GWA) was launched during the 3rd World Water Forum in Japan in March 2003. Later that same year, in October, ADB and GWA signed a letter of agreement to co-sponsor a program of activities to put this partnership into operation. This report represents the first of these activities - a Gender in Water Operations Review - also known as the Gender Scan.

The report aims to

  • examine the extent to which gender responsive practice is currently promoted and practiced in ADB water-related policies and programs,
  • provide an opportunity to reflect on experiences to date, and
  • think strategically about ways of building on and enhancing current practice.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Policy and Institutional Framework
  • Gender Scan Findings
  • Analysis
  • Recommendations
  • Endnotes
  • Appendixes