Impact of Out-of-Pocket Expenditures on Families and Barriers to Use of Maternal and Child Health Services in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Date: December 2012
Type: Papers and Briefs
Series: Out-of-Pocket Spending on Maternal and Child Health in Asia and the Pacific Country Briefs


This policy brief presents findings from analysis of the Lao Expenditure and Consumption Survey 2007–2008 (LECS4) (Lao Statistics Bureau 2008). It also reveals  significant inequalities in the use of, and access to, basic healthcare services, with travel and cost being the most significant barriers.

This national survey of 8,296 households (48,021 individuals) collects data on household consumption and living standards, and includes a module on healthcare use and spending. Using the detailed household consumption section of the survey, this policy brief groups the population into equal quintiles of consumption per adult equivalent, as a measure of relative living standards and socioeconomic grouping.