Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2014

Publication | September 2014

The Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2014 presents the latest key statistics on development issues concerning the economies of Asia and the Pacific.

The Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2014, the 45th edition of this series, includes the latest available economic, financial, social, and environmental indicators for the 48 regional members of the Asian Development Bank. It presents the latest key statistics on development issues concerning the economies of Asia and the Pacific to a wide audience, including policy makers, development practitioners, government officials, researchers, students, and the general public. Part I of this issue is a special chapter—Poverty in Asia: A Deeper Look. Parts II and III are composed of brief, nontechnical analyses and statistical tables on the Millennium Development Goals and eight other themes. The publication is supplemented by the fourth edition of the Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators.

The statistical tables in this issue of the Key Indicators may also be downloaded in MS Excel format from this website or in user-specified format at SDBS Online.

Highlights

Extreme poverty in Asia, when measured as income or expenditure of 1.25 per person per day in 2005 purchasing power parity terms, could fall to 1.4% by 2030, if current trends continue.

But the $1.25 per day measure does not fully capture the extent of extreme poverty in the region. Three additional elements should be factored into the poverty picture: the cost of consumption specific to Asia’s poor; food costs that rise faster than the general price level; and vulnerability to natural disasters, climate change, economic crises, and other shocks.

Broadly following the procedure used to determine the conventional $1.25 poverty line—but focusing on data from Asia—produces an estimated Asia specific extreme poverty line of $1.51 per person per day.

While the above factors are not necessarily mutually exclusive, the report finds the combined impact would increase Asia’s estimated extreme poverty rate for 2010 by 28.8 percentage points to 49.5%. This increases the number of poor by about 1.02 billion to 1.75 billion people.

The report projects that if recent economic growth trends continue, the overall poverty rate would fall to 17.1% in 2030, with most of the poor living in middle income countries.

To confront the challenge of maintaining and extending poverty reduction, the report urges a stronger focus on efforts to enhance food security and reduce vulnerability, in addition to promoting growth.

Contents 

Part I – Special Chapter: Poverty in Asia: A Deeper Look  

Part I is a special chapter on “Poverty in Asia: A Deeper Look.” Based on a conventional measure—the $1.25-a-day poverty line—the region, while still home to 733 million extremely poor, remains on track to eradicate extreme poverty by 2030. This is indeed a remarkable achievement, yet many argue this poverty line underestimates the cost required to maintain a minimum living standard by the poor in Asia and the Pacific. One attempt to adjust the poverty line is examined in this chapter. When based on an average of national poverty lines for less developed economies in the region, and when the added effects of vulnerability to risks (such as shocks and disasters) and food insecurity are considered, the number of extreme poor in the region in 2010 more than doubles—to about 1.75 billion.

Part II – Millennium Development Goals

Part II contains the MDG indicators and short commentaries on progress toward achieving the specified targets. The region continues to make uneven progress toward achieving the mdgs by the 2015 deadline. While most of the region has made significant gains in reducing poverty, improving access to universal primary education, and promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment, the 2015 targets for reducing child and maternal mortality appear beyond reach.

Introduction to the Millennium Development Goals PDF  
Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger PDF XLS
Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education PDF XLS
Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women  PDF XLS
Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality  PDF XLS
Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health  PDF XLS
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Other Diseases  PDF XLS
Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability  PDF XLS
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development  PDF XLS

Part III – Regional Trends and Tables

Regional tables in Part III present indicators in eight themes: People; Economy and Output; Money, Finance, and Prices; Globalization; Transport and Communications; Energy and Electricity; Environment; and Government and Governance. The data show that while economic growth in Asia and the Pacific was largely unchanged in 2013, a major transformation is under way in the region. Asia and the Pacific now accounts for over half of the world’s population, nearly 40% of global gross domestic product in purchasing power parity terms, and about one-third of world exports. The region’s growing importance also brings with it increasing challenges. Regional economies consume more than two-fifths of the world’s energy, continue to increase their emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants, and are faced with the rapid consumption of finite resources. Improved governance is imperative as more than 40% of the region’s economies reside in the bottom one-third of Transparency International’s global corruption rankings.

Introduction to the Regional Trends and Tables  PDF  
People  PDF XLS
Economy and Output  PDF XLS
Money, Finance, and Prices  PDF XLS
Globalization  PDF XLS
Transport and Communications  PDF XLS
Energy and Electricity PDF XLS
Environment PDF XLS
Government and Governance  PDF XLS

Country Profiles

Country Tables

Afghanistan  PDF XLS
Armenia  PDF XLS
Australia  PDF XLS
Azerbaijan  PDF XLS
Bangladesh  PDF XLS
Bhutan  PDF XLS
Brunei Darussalam  PDF XLS
Cambodia  PDF XLS
China, People's Republic of  PDF XLS
Cook Islands  PDF XLS
Fiji PDF XLS
Georgia  PDF XLS
Hong Kong, China  PDF XLS
India  PDF XLS
Indonesia  PDF XLS
Japan  PDF XLS
Kazakhstan  PDF XLS
Kiribati  PDF XLS
Korea, Republic of  PDF XLS
Kyrgyz Republic  PDF XLS
Lao People's Democratic Republic  PDF XLS
Malaysia  PDF XLS
Maldives  PDF XLS
Marshall Islands  PDF XLS
Micronesia, Federated States of  PDF XLS
Mongolia  PDF XLS
Myanmar  PDF XLS
Nauru  PDF XLS
Nepal  PDF XLS
New Zealand  PDF XLS
Pakistan  PDF XLS
Palau  PDF XLS
Papua New Guinea  PDF XLS
Philippines  PDF XLS
Samoa  PDF XLS
Singapore  PDF XLS
Solomon Islands  PDF XLS
Sri Lanka  PDF XLS
Taipei,China  PDF XLS
Tajikistan  PDF XLS
Thailand  PDF XLS
Timor-Leste  PDF XLS
Tonga  PDF XLS
Turkmenistan  PDF XLS
Tuvalu  PDF XLS
Uzbekistan  PDF XLS
Vanuatu  PDF XLS
Viet Nam  PDF XLS

Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators

The Framework of Inclusive Growth Indicators 2014 (FIGI 2014) is the fourth edition of the special supplement of the Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific. The framework is composed of 35 indicators used as measures of income and nonincome dimensions of inclusive growth; the processes and inputs that are important to improve access to opportunities, social inclusion, social safety nets; and good governance and institutions. Part I focuses on the extent of education inclusion. It examines the education indicators included in FIGI, discusses trends on education poverty and education inequality, and describes disparities across segments of society defined by wealth, location, and sex. Part II contains updated statistical tables for the 35 FIGI indicators for the economies of developing Asia, along with brief nontechnical analyses of trends and inequalities.