Making Grasslands Sustainable in Mongolia: Herders’ Livelihoods and Climate Change

Date: February 2014
Type: Reports
Series: Strengthening Carbon Financing for Grassland Management in the PRC and Mongolia
ISBN: 978-92-9254-373-0 (print), 978-92-9254-374-7 (web)
Price: US$18.00 (hard copy)


The threats posed by climate change have significant impacts on Mongolia’s grassland ecosystems and herders’ livelihoods.

This publication discusses the causes of climate change and its impacts on livelihoods and ecosystems for herders and the general public. It explains how good pasture management and livestock productivity are important for increasing incomes and provides information on adaptation practices. It also identifies sustainable management practices that can increase communities’ resilience to climate change, improve environmental quality, and increase local revenue.


Herders and local communities can reduce greenhouse gas emissions from livestock and degraded grasslands with the aid of financial incentives for sustainable practices from voluntary carbon markets and nationally appropriate mitigation actions.

In particular, collaborative planning and implementation of sustainable pastureland management practices are identified as essential to building community resilience to climate change.


  • Executive Summary
  • Climate Change in Mongolia and Its Effects on Nature, Pasture, People, and Livestock: What Is Happening?
  • Climate Change and Its Causes: Why Is This Happening?
  • Adapting to Climate Change in Mongolia’s Grasslands: What Can I Do to Reduce Climate Change Impacts on My Livelihood?
  • The Role of Livestock and Pastures in Emission and Absorption of Greenhouse Gases: How Do I Play a Role?
  • Incentives for Improving Pasture and Livestock Management
  • Collaboration in Planning and Implementation of Pastureland Management
  • Appendixes

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