Strengthening Carbon Financing for Grassland Management in the People’s Republic of China: Mitigation Options in Grassland-Based Animal Husbandry

Publication | February 2014

This publication summarizes potential technical measures in the People’s Republic of China to increase carbon sequestration and reduce the intensity of greenhouse gas emissions from grassland-based animal husbandry.

The majority of the People's Republic of China's 3.9 million square kilometers of grasslands are degraded and contribute to the emission of greenhouse gases. Restoring degraded grasslands and increasing the efficiency of forage utilization are key strategies for addressing sustainable grassland management. To balance carbon sequestration and livestock production objectives, changes in grazing and livestock management are required.

Findings

This publication summarizes potential technical measures to increase carbon sequestration and reduce the intensity of greenhouse gas emissions from grassland-based animal husbandry. Carbon finance may help provide an incentive for some mitigation activities such as restoring degraded grasslands and increasing the efficiency of forage utilization. Measures to sequester soil carbon include

  • prohibiting grazing on degraded grasslands;
  • converting croplands to pasture or shrubs;
  • planting grass, legumes, or shrubs on degraded grasslands; and
  • applying fertilizer.

Contents 

  • Executive Summary
  • Challenges for Grassland Management in the People’s Republic of China
  • Technical Options to Increase Carbon Stocks
  • Technical Options to Reduce the Greenhouse Gas Intensity of Livestock Production
  • Assessment of Mitigation Options and Valuation Approaches
  • Annex: Summary of Potential Livestock and Grassland Mitigation Activities