- Key Facts
- Board of Governors
- Board of Directors
- Departments and Offices
- Policies and Strategies
- Annual Meetings
- Independent Evaluation
- Public Sector (Sovereign) Financing
- Private Sector (Nonsovereign) Financing
- Funds and Resources
- Asian Development Fund
- ASEAN Infrastructure Fund
- Investor Information[日本語]
- Business Opportunities
- Consulting Services
- ADB-Japan Scholarship Program
- News & Events
- Data & Research
- Industry and Trade
- Information and Communication Technology
- Public Sector Management
- Social Protection
- Capacity Development
- Climate Change
- Environmental Sustainability
- Gender and Development
- Poverty Reduction
- Private Sector Development
- Regional Cooperation and Integration
- Social Development
- Urban Development
- Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA)
- Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC)
- Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS)
- Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT)
- South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC)
- European Representative Office
- Japanese Representative Office [日本語]
- North American Representative Office
- Pacific Liaison and Coordination Office
- Pacific Subregional Office
Countries with Operations
- China, People's Republic of [中文]
- Cook Islands
- Indonesia [Bahasa Indonesia]
- Kyrgyz Republic
- Lao PDR
- Marshall Islands
- Micronesia, Federated States of
- Papua New Guinea
Pro-Poor Policy and Regulatory Reform of Water and Energy Supply Services
|Type:||Brochures and Flyers|
|Series:||Law and Policy Reform Briefs|
Asia and the Pacific is home to about 1.8 billion people who survive on less than $2.00 a day and 903 million people living below the poverty line of less than $1.25 a day. Over 406 million people in rural areas and 93 million people in urban areas lack access to adequate water, while over 1.9 billion people in the region are living without basic sanitation facilities4 About 1 billion people in Asia and the Pacific do not have access to electricity.
- What do Asian Development Bank Policies Say?
- Who are the Poor?
- How do the Poor Access Water and Energy Services?
- How do Main Network Service Providers Help or Hinder Access for the Poor?
- How are Utility Service Providers Regulated?
- How are Alternative Service Providers Regulated?
- What is Pro-Poor Policy and Regulation, and What are its Objectives?
- When Should Pro-Poor Policy and Regulation be Considered?
- How can the Poor Benefit from Policy and Regulatory Reform?
- What is the Substance of Pro-Poor Regulation?
- Expanding Access
- Offering Varying Levels of Quality
- Ensuring Affordability
What is the Role of the Regulator?
Next Steps: Advancing a Pro-Poor Utility Services Agenda