Scaling Up Payments for Forest Environmental Services in Viet Nam: Lessons and Insights from Quang Nam

Publication | August 2014

This publication summarizes the lessons and insights from ADB’s support for scaling up payments for forest environmental services in Quang Nam province in Viet Nam.

ADB supported the provincial authorities of Quang Nam in Viet Nam to scale up the implementation of payments for forest environmental services through a technical assistance financed by the Governments of Sweden and Norway. The project pilot-tested two innovations—the group approach and the use of a geographic information system—to speed up payments for forest environmental services planning and implementation in the province. Starting with five villages in Ma Cooih commune, the initiative expanded to include two more communes in the Song Bung 4 watershed. This publication shares lessons and insights gained from this experience, and with it ADB intends to contribute to developing a robust, affordable, and sustainable process of planning and implementing payments for forest environmental services at the provincial level, thereby helping accelerate its implementation.

Contents 

  • Foreword
  • Fact Sheet
  • Introduction
  • Evolution of Payments for Forest Environmental Services in Viet Nam
    • Legislative and Institutional Frameworks
    • Lessons from the Pilot Projects
  • Scaling Up Payments for Forest Environmental Services in Quang Nam
    • Pilot-Testing the Group Approach in Ma Cooih Commune
    • Rolling Out the Group Approach to the Ta Po and Cha Val Communes
    • Characteristics of Effective PFES Groups and Advantages of the Group Approach
    • Using GIS and Satellite Imagery for Forest Assessment
  • Applying the Lessons and Insights from Quang Nam
    • Planning PFES at the Provincial Level
    • Establishing a Clear Responsibility and Accountability System for PFES
    • Implementing PFES at the Commune Level
    • Enhancing the Enabling Environment and Broadening the Scope of PFES
    • Valuation of Forest Ecosystem Services
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Appendixes