Shanxi Farmers Embrace Modern Irrigation Methods to Adapt to Climate Change

Publication | March 2013

The Shanxi Province has been experiencing declining groundwater tables since 1956. From 2000 to 2007, overall water availability decreased by about 5% annually from 8.2 billion cubic meters to about 7 billion.

This publication gives an overview of how ADB's agricultural development support met the rising challenges in water security, food production, and climate change faced by communities in the Shanxi Province of the People's Republic of China.


  • Climate change and declining water resources threaten food production systems worldwide, increasing the need for efficient agricultural processes.
  • Four counties in the Shanxi Province of the People's Republic of China were selected as pilot areas, where traditional farmers learned modern methods of groundwater use and management.
  • As a result, more sustainable use of groundwater was introduced while farm labor was reduced. Crop yields increased and water was used more efficiently.