Socially Inclusive and Gender-Responsive Transport Projects: A Case Study of the Timor-Leste Road Sector Improvement Project

Date: December 2007
Type: Reports
Series: Pacific Studies


The transport sector provides an example of a nontraditional channel to promote social, economic, and gender equity. This case study provides practitioners with effective analytical tools and methods that were used in the design of ADB's Timor-Leste Road Sector Improvement Project to specifically benefit traditionally excluded and disadvantaged groups, such as women and the poor. As ADB's first attempt to mainstream social and gender concerns in infrastructure-related projects in Timor-Leste, the success of the initial design phase of this project provides valuable lessons for other road and transport projects in Asia and the Pacific.


  • Foreword
  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction: Lessons from Past Projects for the Timor-Leste Transport Project
  • Stakeholder Consultations and Data Collection for the Project
  • Poverty and Social/Gender Analyses for the Project
  • Socially Inclusive and Gender-Responsive Design Features of the Project 
  • Successful Approaches in Designing Socially Inclusive and Gender-Responsive Transport Projects
  • Conclusion: Lessons from Timor-Leste Transport Project for Future Transport Projects
  • Appendix 1: Community Empowerment Initiative 
  • Appendix 2: Indicators for Ranking Districts for Survey Locations
  • Appendix 3: Methodology to Determine Poverty Incidence
  • Appendix 4: Villagers’ Perspectives of their Poverty (Inputs to Social Analysis)
  • References