State of the Coral Triangle: Papua New Guinea

Publication | May 2014
State of the Coral Triangle: Papua New Guinea

Describes the characteristics of Papua New Guinea’s coastal ecosystems an the communities that use them, the framework that governs their use, and the environmental threats posed by their manner of usage.

One of a series of six reports on the status of marine resources in the western Pacific Ocean, the State of the Coral Triangle: Papua New Guinea, describes the biophysical characteristics of the country’s coastal and marine ecosystems, the manner in which they are being exploited, the framework in place that governs their use, the socioeconomic characteristics of the communities that use them, and the environmental threats posed by the manner in which they are being used.

The report also explains the country’s national plan of action to address these threats and improve marine resource management.


Implementing Papua New Guinea's (PNG) national plan of action will require further strengthening of staff capacity at government agencies and nongovernment organizations, including those relating to agriculture and livestock, commerce and industry, information, and PNG ports. A central database of information relating to marine conservation and resource management should likewise be developed. Public awareness of the benefits of sustainable marine resource use will also be required.

The successful implementation of PNG’s plan of action would best be accomplished through regular public awareness programs linked to the plan. These initiatives will require funding that targets research, resource management, and public awareness.

See also:
World Coral Reef Conference 2014 site


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Biophysical Geography
  • Governance
  • Socioeconomic Characteristics
  • Threats and Vulnerabilities
  • National Plan of Action Initiatives and Future Plans
  • Management Issues
  • References