A Tale of Two CDs: Capacity Development and Community Development in the Waste, Water, and Sanitation Sector in Kiribati

Publication | December 2008

The Community Development and Sustainable Participation story is indeed “a tale of two CDs;” it demonstrated the important relationship between capacity development and community development.

A 1993 Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID)-funded study reported that water and sanitation problems in South Tarawa, Kiribati had become critical and needed to be addressed in "as comprehensive a manner as possible." This led to a series of interventions including several Asian Development Bank-sponsored projects which focused on the community participation component that the Government of Kiribati had come to recognize as key to sustainability. The case study highlights the second of these projects - a positive example of country-led networking and coalition building that demonstrates the potential for harnessing capacity of multiple actors with shared interests.


  • Foreword
  • Kiribati - Selected Statistics
  • Background
  • Community Development and Sustainable Participation: The Story
  • Reflections and Lessons Learned
  • Concluding Thoughts