Compliance Review Function

The compliance review focuses on the direct and material harm alleged by project-affected people, and whether this is caused by ADB’s violations of its operational policies and procedures in formulating, processing, or implementing the project. The compliance review is done by an independent Compliance Review Panel (CRP).

The compliance review starts with the CRP determining the eligibility of a request for compliance review and recommending to the ADB Board of Directors to authorize a compliance review. If approved, the CRP conducts an independent investigation and makes recommendations to the Board of Directors to ensure project compliance, including remedial changes in the scope or implementation of the project. The CRP then monitors the implementation of its recommendations and any remedial actions approved by the Board of Directors.

Compliance Review Panel (CRP)

The CRP is an independent body appointed by the ADB’s Board of Directors to carry out compliance review under the second phase of the ADB Accountability Mechanism. The CRP consists of three members—a full-time Chair and two part-time members. Two CRP members are from regional member countries, with one of them from a developing member country, and the third member from a nonregional country. The CRP reports directly to the Board on all activities except on two specific activities where it reports to the Board Compliance Review Committee.

The CRP consists of three members—a full-time Chair and two part-time members. Two CRP members are from regional countries, with one of them from a developing member country, and the third member from a nonregional country. The CRP reports directly to the Board on all activities except on two specific activities where it reports to the Board Compliance Review Committee.

The CRP is supported by a Secretariat - the Office of the Compliance Review Panel or OCRP.

The CRP undertakes the following activities: 

  • determining the eligibility of a request for compliance review
  • engaging all project stakeholders in understanding the issues during compliance review
  • conducting thorough and objective reviews of policy and procedural compliance
  • consulting with project stakeholders, including the Board representative of the concerned country, on its preliminary findings and recommendations during compliance review
  • coordinating with the compliance review mechanism of other cofinancing institution conducting a separate compliance review of the same project
  • issuing draft reports and seeking comments from ADB Management and the requesters on its findings and recommendations on compliance review
  • issuing final reports to the Board on its findings and recommendations
  • informing the requesters of the Board’s decision on compliance review
  • monitoring the implementation of the Board’s decisions on compliance review and providing the requesters with copies of the monitoring reports
  • issuing annual reports outlining lessons learned from past compliance review cases
  • developing a roster of independent technical experts for carrying out is work
  • liaising with the accountability mechanisms at other institutions