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India is one of the fastest growing developing economies, having expanded by about 6% per annum in the 1990s and by some 8% in recent years. This growth and rapid rate of industrialization and urbanization have fueled energy demand so that in 2003 it ranked sixth worldwide in primary energy consumption.
This study looks back at the main achievements, issues, and challenges faced by the People’s Republic of China road subsector during the study period from 1997 to 2005.
This study looks back at the main achievements, issues, and challenges faced by the People’s Republic of China railway subsector during the study period from 1997 to 2005.
This chapter presents the results of an assessment of the value added by ADB operations. It draws on the findings of a with project and without project ("with and without") survey of ADB-financed and non-ADB-financed road and railway projects.
This study reviews the available evidence from the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and other studies of relevance regarding documentation of poverty reduction impacts of physical infrastructure and, in particular, road development.
The evaluation of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) road and railway projects in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) took into account changes in ADB’s role and objectives. Growth was the overarching goal of ADB interventions prior to the country operational strategy (COS), 1997–2003.
This study reviews evidence from project implementation, completion, and post-evaluation reports on the performance of the link- and local-roads components attached to Asian Development Bank (ADB) road and railway projects in the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
Sixteen projects in four countries (India, People's Republic of China, Philippines, and Viet Nam) were selected as case studies to assess the performance of the environmental safeguard system in practice.
India’s economic liberalization reform process started approximately 15 years ago. At the time, because of a socialist philosophy, Government regulation and administrative processes at the national, state, and local levels were extensive. Public sector investment dominated the economy.
In the Philippines, the private sector has always played an important role in the economy. The country has been progressive in East Asia in terms of liberalizing the economy, privatizing state-owned firms, and procuring privately financed and operated infrastructure by using public private partnership (PPP) arrangements.