Evaluation Documents

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  • December 2014

    Cambodia: Second Education Sector Development Program

    The Government of Cambodia was committed to pro-poor education reform over the past decade through its Education Strategic Plan (ESP) and Education Sector Support Program (ESSP) 2001–2005, both of which were consistent with the National Poverty Reduction Strategy, 2003–2005. The ESP and ESSP were revised to consolidate and extend education reforms during 2004–2008. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) supported the reform through the First Education Sector Development Program (ESDP I), which was implemented during 2002–2006, focusing on secondary and postsecondary education and training.
  • December 2014

    Greater Mekong Subregion: Northern Economic Corridor Project in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic

    The Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS): Northern Economic Corridor Project in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) was approved on 20 December 2002 with financing of $95.79 million equivalent. The project was funded by Special Funds resources of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and bilateral loans from the governments of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and Thailand on concessional terms.
  • December 2014

    Kyrgyz Republic: Second Education Project

    The project  was designed specifically to build further on the achievements of the Education Sector Development Program (the program) and to help the Kyrgyz Republic sustain its education-related Millennium Development Goals. The program was the first education project provided by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic. It was introduced to arrest the deterioration of basic education services since independence.
  • December 2014

    Nepal: Urban and Environmental Improvement Project

    Rapid urbanization fuelled by rural-to-urban migration and high population growth rates were identified as the root of the problems that needed to be addressed by the project intervention. Rapid urbanization led to inadequate drinking water supply, improper disposal of solid and human wastes, uncontrolled urban and/or physical development, and increasing migration to the capital region. The centralized public administration system had failed to respond to the challenge and efforts were being made to start a process of decentralizing urban management.
  • December 2014

    Maldives: Domestic Maritime Transport Project

    About 70% of the Maldives’ outer atolls population, which has also the highest incidence of poverty, considers Malé North Harbor (MNH) as its access point to the social and economic development opportunities in the capital. During project preparation, MNH suffered from chronic congestion and was considered a bottleneck for the poorest population’s entry to the capital. The congestion was attributed to the combined effects of insufficient capacity and lack of harbor management.
  • December 2014

    India: East–West Corridor Project

    The National Highways Authority of India initiated the National Highway Development Program (the program) in 1998 to ease chronic capacity constraints by upgrading key arteries of the national highways network. The project, which this validation is reviewing, was the third loan financed by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for the multiyear lending program for the program.
  • December 2014

    People’s Republic of China: Ningxia Roads Development Project

    During project preparation, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was among the poorest inland provinces in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). In 2002, its per capita gross domestic product was CNY5,859—35% less than the national average. The poorest counties were located in the southern part of the province. Agriculture, the mainstay of the economy, was based on potato, watermelon, and mutton and employed about 60% of the labor force. The road network to transport these agricultural products to market was underdeveloped.
  • December 2014

    Viet Nam: Ho Chi Minh City–Long Thanh–DauGiay Expressway Technical Assistance Project

    The road network within and around Ho Chi Minh City was becoming congested, reducing traveling speed and increasing transport costs. There was a need for a high-capacity, high-speed expressway network to complement the national and provincial road networks. Hence, the Ho Chi Minh City– Long Thanh–DauGiay (HLD) Expressway was identified as a development project to provide relief to the traffic, ease access to the port areas, and improve the road networks around the city. 
  • December 2014

    Tajikistan: Dushanbe–Kyrgyz Border Road Rehabilitation Project, Phase II

    During project preparation, more than 70% of the roads in Tajikistan were considered to be in poor condition. The road sections needing rehabilitation created bottlenecks that obstructed trade between much of Afghanistan, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), the Kyrgyz Republic, and Tajikistan. Improvements in these road sections were expected to facilitate regional trade, provide better connections, and enable the smooth transport of the area’s agricultural products to the Dushanbe and regional markets.
  • December 2014

    Bangladesh: Jamuna–Meghna River Erosion Mitigation Project

    The Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a loan of $42.2 million to Bangladesh from its Asian Development Fund in November 2002 for the Jamuna–Meghna River Erosion Mitigation Project to construct cost-effective and sustainable mitigation measures for riverbank erosion. Erosion along the banks of major rivers, where poverty is heavily concentrated, is a perennial problem. This project aimed to provide flood protection for two irrigation schemes developed earlier with ADB assistance.

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