Evaluation Documents

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Latest Documents

  • December 2015

    Sustainability of Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Operations: Findings and Lessons

    The sustainability of urban water supply and sanitation operations can be improved by learning from recent developments and changing attitudes across the region. Successful reduction of nonrevenue water, such as occurred in Manila and Phnom Penh, as well as successful reforms and innovation in other cases in the People’s Republic of China, Bangkok, and Jakarta should be promoted and widely publicized. Lessons from these success stories can be simplified and delivered to the public and politicians to influence change. Reforms also take shape through response to crises.
  • December 2015

    Real-Time Evaluation of ADB’s Safeguard Implementation Experience: Country Case Studies

    ONGOING EVALUATION. The evaluation will assess the efficiency, effectiveness, and sustainability of the implementation of safeguards through a real-time assessment of three country safeguards experiences, drawing on case studies of both more mature and more recent projects.
  • December 2015

    Philippines: Philippine Energy Efficiency Project

    In 2009, Philippine consumers were spending a large portion of their household income on energy. The country’s electricity tariffs were among the highest in the region. Total energy demand was projected to double by 2030 (from 2007), with electricity demand growing at a similar rate. Total installed power-generating capacity was 15,937 megawatts (MW) in 2007, generating about 59,600 gigawatt-hours. Natural gas (32%), geothermal energy (17%), and hydropower (14%) were the main domestic primary energy sources, with oil- and coal-fired generation contributing the remaining 37%.
  • November 2015

    People’s Republic of China: Gansu Heihe Rural Hydropower Development Investment Program— Erlongshan Hydropower Project

    By 2006, demand for electricity had outpaced economic growth for three consecutive years in the People’s Republic of China (PRC), leading to power supply shortages throughout the country. High levels of investment in coal fueled electricity generation capacity were made from 2000 to 2006 to offset continued shortages. Coal based power generation, representing 81% of the country’s power generation at that time, intensified air pollution throughout the PRC and increased carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
  • November 2015

    Bangladesh: Road Network Improvement and Maintenance Project II

    Roads have become important for regional cooperation. It is expected that Bangladesh will accommodate most intra-regional transit shipments in the region. These benefits have yet to be fully realized in view of the poor land port facilities in Banglabandh and the narrow and poorly maintained border access roads. As the government improves the land port facilities, cross-border traffic through Banglabandh is expected to grow and help spur economic benefits and initiatives for regional cooperation. 
  • November 2015

    Global Increase in Climate-Related Disasters

    Intense climate-related natural disasters—floods, storms as well as droughts and heat waves have been on the rise worldwide. Is there an ominous link between the global increase of these hydrometeorological and climatological events on the one side and anthropogenic climate change on the other? This paper considers three main disaster risk factors—rising population exposure, greater population vulnerability, and increasing climate-related hazards—behind the increased frequency of intense climate-related natural disasters.
  • November 2015

    Viet Nam: Preventive Health System Support Project

    The Government of Viet Nam requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for support to strengthen the preventive health system in 46 provinces and four national institutes by upgrading provincial laboratories and provincial preventive medicine centers and updating the knowledge and skills of the staff. Considering the significant gaps in the health status of their population, 17 priority provinces—poor provinces with significant number of ethnic populations—were identified for additional support in communicable diseases control and maternal and child health.
  • November 2015

    Kyrgyz Republic: Tax Administration Reform and Modernization Project

    The Tax Administration Reform and Modernization Project was one of a series of projects supported by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in the Kyrgyz Republic to foster economic growth and public governance by increasing tax and customs revenues and improving tax administration.
  • November 2015

    Tajikistan: Khatlon Province Flood Risk Management Project

    The Republic of Tajikistan has a long-standing vulnerability to natural disasters particularly floods due to its terrain and climate. It relied on flood protection facilities that degraded over the years due to insufficient operation and maintenance. The threat of flooding intensified in recent years as water flows from its upper mountains has increased. Furthermore, continued growth in both population and agricultural production in many flood-prone areas only increased the risks of physical and socioeconomic damage from flooding.
  • November 2015

    Indonesia: Sustainable Aquaculture Development for Food Security and Poverty Reduction Project

    The investment rationale for the project was based on aquaculture’s increasingly important role in assuring food security and improving household incomes, as well as in generating foreign exchange revenues from exports. Aquaculture—which includes the development of sustainable and community-managed freshwater, brackish water, and marine aquaculture—has become an alternative livelihood for fisher folk who are usually engaged in open sea fishing, and has helped reduce pressure on marine and coastal resources.