Evaluation Documents

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  • November 2014

    People’s Republic of China: Social Security System Reform Advisory and Operational Technical Assistance

    Between 1995 and 2012, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) provided eight technical assistance (TA) grants totaling $6.3 million to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) to support its social security system reforms.
  • November 2014

    Indonesia: Decentralized Basic Education Project

    Decentralization is a policy option that has been adopted by many countries to improve access to basic services, including education. Since 2001, the Government of Indonesia has embarked on a program to decentralize delivery of basic education. By making the education system more attuned to local needs, decentralization—the process of delegating authority or functions from central government to local government units— will be able to play a crucial role in improving the access to and quality of basic education in Indonesia.
  • November 2014

    Corporate Evaluation Study: ADB Trade Finance Program

    Trade has long been recognized as an important tool for generating economic growth, for fostering competitiveness and integrating countries into the global market. Trade enhances a country’s access to goods, services, and technologies. Trade has been an engine of growth and poverty reduction in Asia and Pacific region. Trade finance provided by banks is a means and/or guarantee of payment, for international trade transactions. Trade finance has been described as the lifeblood of international trade because of the vital role it plays in assisting firms in managing trade risks.
  • November 2014

    Philippines: Financial Market Regulation and Intermediation Program

    The Financial Market Regulation and Intermediation Program consisting of two single-tranche subprograms—subprogram 1 and subprogram 2—was prepared to broaden and deepen the financial system in the Philippines. This was to be achieved through measures that improve market efficiency, promote stability, strengthen governance, and diversify investment alternatives.  This report validates the completion report’s assessment of the program. IED overall assessment: Less than successful.
  • November 2014

    Viet Nam: Central Region Urban Environmental Improvement Project

    In 2003, the level of investment made for urban sector maintenance, repairs, and new capital works in the previous decades had not been sufficient to keep pace with the continuing rapid urbanization in Viet Nam. Weak institutions, lack of qualified human resources, financial constraints, lack of community participation, and slow implementation of the legal framework for the urban sector were cited as contributing factors to the low coverage and inefficiency of urban services.
  • November 2014

    Afghanistan and Tajikistan: Regional Power Transmission Interconnection Project

    In 2006, the total power generation capacity in Afghanistan declined from 456 megawatts (MW) in the 1990s to about 250 MW in 2005. Much of this generation capacity was destroyed and damaged during the wars. Also, a significant portion of the transmission and distribution networks were damaged and stolen. Only 6%–9% of the population had access to power, of which approximately 30% were in Kabul.
  • November 2014

    Viet Nam: HIV/AIDS Prevention among Youth Project

    In 2006, Viet Nam reported increasing HIV/AIDS cases. HIV/AIDS in the country was mostly driven by intravenous drug use. However, the number of infections among sex workers was also growing, which posed a risk to the general community.
  • November 2014

    Cambodia: Tonle Sap Sustainable Livelihoods Project

    The investment rationale of the Tonle Sap Sustainable Livelihoods Project was derived from an attempt to tackle poverty in the Tonle Sap region, where poverty rate is higher than the country as a whole and where rural livelihood assets were affected by worsening environmental trends around Tonle Sap. Natural capital, forests, fish, wildlife, and the entire biosphere, in fact, was under pressure due to the excessive and growing pressure of human exploitation.
  • November 2014

    India: Assam Governance and Public Resource Management Sector Development Program

    The government of Assam faced fiscal- and governance-related structural problems. Its fiscal position was weak due to stagnation in tax and nontax revenues and growing recurrent expenditures. Subsidies for loss-making public sector enterprises and increasing pension liabilities added to the fiscal strain. From the central government perspective, inadequate fiscal consolidation at state level was seen as having the potential to undermine the sustainability of recent economic performance and the delivery of promised economic prospects.
  • November 2014

    India: Karnataka Urban Development and Coastal Environmental Management Project

    Urban growth in coastal districts of Karnataka had far exceeded the capacity of existing infrastructure and services with resulting negative impacts on human welfare, economic growth, and the natural environment. In response to this, the project design focused on improving the living conditions in 10 urban centers located along the west coast of the state with a total population of about 1 million at the time of project preparation.

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